Follow us on Facebook to receive important updates Follow us on Twitter to receive important updates Follow us on sina.com's microblogging site to receive important updates Follow us on Douban to receive important updates
Chinese Text Project Data wiki
-> 張之洞

張之洞[View] [Edit] [History]
ctext:455092

RelationTargetTextual basis
typeperson
name張之洞
name-style香濤清史稿·列傳二百二十四 榮祿 王文韶 張之洞 瞿鴻禨》:張之洞,字香濤,直隸南皮人。
name-style孝達晚晴簃詩匯·卷一百六十二》:張之洞,字孝達,一字香濤,晚號抱冰,南皮人。
died-date宣統己酉年八月己亥
1909/10/6
清史稿·本紀二十五 宣統皇帝本紀》:己亥,大學士張之洞卒,贈太保,入祀賢良祠。
born1837
died1909
authority-cbdb35048
authority-ddbc23994
authority-sinica3235
authority-viaf51940828
authority-wikidataQ197344
link-wikipedia_zh张之洞
link-wikipedia_enZhang_Zhidong
held-officeoffice:兩廣總督
    from-date 光緒甲申年七月乙巳
1884/8/23
清史稿·本紀二十三 德宗本紀一》:授張之洞兩廣總督。
held-officeoffice:兩江總督
    from-date 光緒甲午年十月戊申
1894/11/2
清史稿·本紀二十三 德宗本紀一》:召劉坤一來京,以張之洞署兩江總督兼南洋大臣。
held-officeoffice:督辦商務大臣
    from-date 光緒壬寅年六月辛亥
1902/7/27
清史稿·本紀二十四 德宗本紀二》:辛亥,命張之洞為督辦商務大臣。
held-officeoffice:協辦大學士
    from-date 光緒丁未年五月辛丑
1907/6/21
清史稿·本紀二十四 德宗本紀二》:辛丑,王文詔罷,命張之洞協辦大學士。
held-officeoffice:體仁閣大學士
    from-date 光緒丁未年六月壬申
1907/7/22
清史稿·本紀二十四 德宗本紀二》:授張之洞體仁閣大學士,鹿傳霖協辦大學士。
held-officeoffice:軍機大臣
    from-date 光緒丁未年七月丙辰
1907/9/4
清史稿·本紀二十四 德宗本紀二》:丙辰,命張之洞、袁世凱並為軍機大臣,以袁世凱為外務部尚書。
Zhang Zhidong (張之洞) (4 September 1837 – 5 October 1909) was a Chinese official who lived during the late Qing dynasty. Along with Zeng Guofan, Li Hongzhang and Zuo Zongtang, Zhang Zhidong was one of the four most famous officials of the late Qing dynasty. Known for advocating controlled reform and modernization of Chinese troops, he served as the Governor of Shanxi Province and Viceroy of Huguang, Liangguang and Liangjiang, and also as a member of the Grand Council. He took a leading role in the abolition of the Imperial examination system in 1905. The Red Guards destroyed his tomb in 1966 during the Cultural Revolution. His remains were rediscovered in 2007 and reburied with honors.

Read more...: Other names   Early life   First Sino-Japanese War   Taiwan   Modernisation of Chinas military   Involvement in Reform   Later life  

The text above has been excerpted automatically from Wikipedia - please correct any errors in the original article.
張之洞(1837年9月2日 - 1909年)。字孝達,一字香濤,號香岩,又號壺公無競居士,晚年自號抱冰,人稱「張香帥」,直隸天津南皮(今河北南皮)人,晚清重臣。道光十七年八月初三生于貴州。咸豐二年(1852年)中順天鄉試解元,同治二年(1863年)中進士第三名探花,據說是因為慈禧太后喜歡張之洞的文章,因此破例提拔,授翰林院編修。歷任教習、侍讀、侍講、內閣學士、山西巡撫、兩廣總督、湖廣總督、兩江總督(多次署理,從未實授)、軍機大臣等職,官至體仁閣大學士。

張之洞早年一度是清流派健將,後成為洋務派的主要代表人物,大力倡導「中學為體,西學為用」。他注重教育和治安,主導了中國近代的警察制度,對清末教育和社會發展有很大的影響。還曾創辦漢陽鐵廠、大冶鐵礦、湖北槍砲廠等。八國聯軍入侵時,大沽砲台失守,張之洞會同兩江總督劉坤一與駐上海各國領事議訂「東南互保」,並鎮壓維新派的唐才常、林圭、秦力山等自立軍起義,光緒三十四年(1908年)11月,以顧命重臣晉太子太保,次年病卒,諡文襄。有《廣雅堂集》。張之洞與曾國藩李鴻章左宗棠並稱「晚清四大名臣」。

Read more...: 生平   早年   經歷   逝世   評價   身後   逸事   後代  

The text above has been excerpted automatically from Wikipedia - please correct any errors in the original article.

SourceRelation
張宮保政書creator
書目答問creator

TextCount
清史稿223
清史紀事本末5
晚晴簃詩匯2
庚子國變記14
清稗類鈔3
URI: https://data.ctext.org/entity/455092 [RDF]

Enjoy this site? Please help.Site design and content copyright 2006-2022. When quoting or citing information from this site, please link to the corresponding page or to https://ctext.org. Please note that the use of automatic download software on this site is strictly prohibited, and that users of such software are automatically banned without warning to save bandwidth. 沪ICP备09015720号-3Comments? Suggestions? Please raise them here.