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-> 孟子

孟子[View] [Edit] [History]
ctext:498236

See also: 孟子 (work) 孟子 (work)

RelationTargetTextual basis
typeperson
name孟轲
name孟子default
authority-cbdb134984
authority-ddbc4486
authority-viaf11230866
authority-wikidataQ188903
link-wikipedia_zh孟子
link-wikipedia_enMencius
Mencius ( ) (孟子); born Mèng Kē (孟轲); or Mengzi (372–289 BC or 385–303 or 302BC) was a Chinese Confucian philosopher who has often been described as the "second Sage", that is, after only Confucius himself. He is part of Confucius' fourth generation of disciples. Mencius inherited Confucius' ideology and developed it further. Living during the Warring States period, he is said to have spent much of his life travelling around the states offering counsel to different rulers. Conversations with these rulers form the basis of the Mencius, which would later be canonised as a Confucian classic.

A key belief of his was that humans are innately good, but that this quality requires cultivation and the right environment to flourish. He also taught that rulers must justify their position of power by acting benevolently towards their subjects, and in this sense they are subordinate to the masses.

Read more...: Life   Mother   Lineage   Main concepts   Human nature   The four beginnings (or sprouts)   Education   Destiny   Views on politics and economics   Comparisons to contemporaries   Xun Zi   Plato   Influence   Mencius Institute  

The text above has been excerpted automatically from Wikipedia - please correct any errors in the original article.

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日本国志1
新唐书1
三国志1
全唐文3
汉书2
四库全书总目提要2
小腆纪传7
直斋书录解题1
苕溪渔隐丛话1
晋书1
苏轼集1
经学历史24
史记14
宋史1
URI: https://data.ctext.org/entity/498236 [RDF]

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