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Chinese Text Project Data wiki
-> 莊子

莊子[View] [Edit] [History]

See also: 莊子 (person)

RelationTargetTextual basis
indexed-inwork:宋史宋史·志第一百五十八 藝文四》:郭象注《莊子》十卷
    juan-size 10宋史·志第一百五十八 藝文四》:郭象注《莊子》十卷
    stated-category 道家
The Zhuangzi (Mandarin: ; historically romanized Chuang Tzŭ) is an ancient Chinese text from the late Warring States period (476221) which contains stories and anecdotes that exemplify the carefree nature of the ideal Taoist sage. Named for its traditional author, "Master Zhuang" (Zhuangzi), the Zhuangzi is one of the two foundational texts of Taoism, along with the Tao Te Ching.

The Zhuangzi consists of a large collection of anecdotes, allegories, parables, and fables, which are often humorous or irreverent. Its main themes are of spontaneity in action and of freedom from the human world and its conventions. The fables and anecdotes in the text attempt to illustrate the falseness of human distinctions between good and bad, large and small, life and death, and human and nature. While other ancient Chinese philosophers focused on moral and personal duty, Zhuangzi promoted carefree wandering and becoming one with "the Way" (Dào 道) by following nature.

Though primarily known as a philosophical work, the Zhuangzi is regarded as one of the greatest literary works in all of Chinese history, and has been called "the most important pre-Qin text for the study of Chinese literature". A masterpiece of both philosophical and literary skill, it has significantly influenced writers for more than 2000 years from the Han dynasty (206AD220) to the present. Many major Chinese writers and poets in history—such as Sima Xiangru and Sima Qian during the Han dynasty, Ruan Ji and Tao Yuanming during the Six Dynasties (222589), Li Bai during the Tang dynasty (618907), and Su Shi and Lu You in the Song dynasty (9601279)—were heavily influenced by the Zhuangzi.

Read more...: History   Authorship and textual history   Manuscripts   Content   Notable passages   "The Butterfly Dream"   "The Death of Wonton"   "The Debate on the Joy of Fish"   "Drumming On a Tub and Singing"   Zhuangzis death   List of chapters   Themes   Influence   Early times   Daoism and Buddhism   Medieval and early modern   Modern   Notable translations  

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