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-> 朱熹

朱熹[View] [Edit] [History]
ctext:597351

RelationTargetTextual basis
typeperson
name朱熹default
name朱子
name-style元晦宋史·列传第一百八十八道学三》:朱熹,字元晦,
name-style仲晦宋史·列传第一百八十八道学三》:朱熹,字元晦,一字仲晦,徽州婺源人。
died-date庆元六年三月甲子
1200/4/23
宋史·本纪第三十七》:三月甲子,朱熹卒。
born1130
died1200
fatherperson:朱松宋史·列传第一百八十八道学三》:父松字乔年,
authority-cbdb3257
authority-ddbc3586
authority-viaf46768804
authority-wikidataQ9397
link-wikipedia_zh朱熹
link-wikipedia_enZhu_Xi
held-officeoffice:秘阁修撰
    from-date DATE宋史·列传第一百八十八道学三》:时史浩入见,请收天下人望,乃除熹秘阁修撰,主管南京鸿庆宫。
held-officeoffice:焕章阁待制
    from-date 绍熙五年八月癸巳
1194/8/22
宋史·本纪第三十七》:癸巳,以朱熹为焕章阁待制兼侍讲。
held-officeoffice:焕章阁待制
    from-date 庆元元年十二月丙子
1196/1/27
宋史·本纪第三十七》:丙子,命朱熹为焕章阁待制,辞。
authority-sinica18370
Zhu Xi (; 朱熹; October 18, 1130 – April 23, 1200), also known by his courtesy name Yuanhui (or Zhonghui), and self-titled Hui'an, was a Chinese calligrapher, historian, philosopher, politician, and writer of the Song dynasty. He was a Confucian scholar and influential Neo-Confucian in China. His contributions to Chinese philosophy including his editing of and commentaries to the Four Books, which later formed the curriculum of the civil service exam in Imperial China from 1313 to 1905; and his emphasis on the process of the "investigation of things" (格物 géwù) as well as his meditation as a method for self cultivation, fundamentally shaped the Chinese as well as the worldview for posterity.

He was a scholar with a wide learning in the classics, commentaries, histories and other writings of his predecessors. In his lifetime he was able to serve multiple times as an government official, although he avoided public office for most of his adult life. He also wrote, compiled and edited almost a hundred books and corresponded with dozens of other scholars. He acted as a teacher to groups of students, many of whom chose to study under him for years. He built upon the teachings of the Cheng brothers and others; and further developed their metaphysical theories in regards to principle ( 理) and vital force ( 气). His followers recorded thousands of his conversations in writing.

Read more...: Life   Teachings   The Four Books   Vital force, principle, and the Supreme Ultimate   Human nature   Heart/mind   Knowledge and action   The investigation of things and the extension of knowledge   Religion   Meditation   On teaching, learning, and the creation of an academy   Taoist and Buddhist influence on Zhu Xi   Legacy   Calligraphy   Calligraphy style  

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TextCount
清史稿2
绍兴十八年同年小录3
百川书志6
福州府志乾隆本2
铁琴铜剑楼藏书目录(常熟瞿氏刊)1
日本访书志补8
清稗类钞17
宋史纪事本末29
四库全书总目提要536
文献通考(明嘉靖宝旭堂刊本)16
书史会要1
直斋书录解题17
馆阁续录1
书诀2
江西通志1
庆元党禁20
千顷堂书目22
宋史206
陶庐杂录13
URI: https://data.ctext.org/entity/597351 [RDF]

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