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-> 英雄記

英雄記[View] [Edit] [History]

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The Records of Heroes (英雄記), also known as the Records of Late Han Heroes (漢末英雄記) is a Chinese historical text of the end of the Han dynasty. Written by Wang Can, it contains various stories of the late Han warlords. The book was lost at some point in history, and the only surviving accounts of it are from the Annotations to Records of the Three Kingdoms by Pei Songzhi. During the Ming dynasty, Wang Shijian (王世間) compiled these fragments and published them as a collection.

The exact year in which it was written cannot be ascertained. However, among its stories which are clearly defined by year, as the year 208's anecdote that "in the middle of Battle of Red Cliff, Cao Cao tried to cross the Yangtze River by connecting lots of rafts, however, as Zhou Yu delivered fire attacks on it, Cao Cao had to retreat"

(this story can be found at book 771 of Imperial Readings of the Taiping Era) It is likely that the book was written between 208 and 217 when Wang Can died.

The Book of Sui says that "There were eight books by Wang Can named Records of Late Han Heroes. They are lost. There were 10 books during the Liang (梁) period."

The Old Book of Tang says that "of Wang Can's ten books were named Records of Late Han Heroes". Here it is likely that Records of Late Han Heroes is identical to Records of Heroes.

Regarding the words "Late Han" in the title, Siku Quanshu Zongmu Tiyao argued that "presumably, Wang Can died when the Han dynasty still existed. Though there were so many symptoms that the Han dynasty was near its death, Emperor Xian still was on the throne. Wang Can surely could not use the words of "Late Han" as the title of his book, therefore "Late Han" is thought to be introduced by future generations. However as Wang Can described Cao Cao as "holy ruler" (聖君) in his "A Poem of Military Service" (從軍詩), we cannot say with full certainty that Wang Can did not put "Late Han" in the title of his book".

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