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-> 豐臣秀吉

豐臣秀吉[View] [Edit] [History]

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was a Japanese samurai and daimyo (feudal lord) of the late Sengoku period regarded as the second "Great Unifier" of Japan.

Hideyoshi rose from a peasant background as a retainer of the prominent lord Oda Nobunaga to become one of the most powerful men in Japan. Hideyoshi succeeded Nobunaga after the Honnō-ji Incident in 1582 and continued Nobunaga's campaign to unite Japan that led to the closing of the Sengoku period. Hideyoshi became the de facto leader of Japan and acquired the prestigious positions of Chancellor of the Realm and Imperial Regent by the mid-1580s. Hideyoshi launched the Japanese invasions of Korea in 1592 to initial success, but eventual military stalemate damaged his prestige before his death in 1598. Hideyoshi's young son and successor Toyotomi Hideyori was displaced by Tokugawa Ieyasu at the Battle of Sekigahara in 1600 which would lead to the founding of the Tokugawa Shogunate.

Hideyoshi's rule covers most of the Azuchi–Momoyama period of Japan, partially named after his castle, Momoyama Castle. Hideyoshi left an influential and lasting legacy in Japan, including Osaka Castle, the Tokugawa class system, the restriction on the possession of weapons to the samurai, and the construction and restoration of many temples some of which are still visible in Kyoto.

Read more...: Early life (1537–1558)   Service under Nobunaga (1558–1582)   Death of Nobunaga   Rise to Power (1582–1585)   Construction of Osaka Castle   Conflict with Katsuie   Conflict with Ieyasu   Toyotomi clan   Unification of Japan (1585–1592)   Negoro-ji campaign   Shikoku Campaign   Toyama campaign   Kyushu Campaign   Odawara campaign   Death of Sen no Rikyū   Kunohe rebellion   Korean campaign (1592–1598)   Taikō   First campaign against Korea   Succession dispute   Twenty-six martyrs of Japan   Second campaign against Korea   Death   Family   Wives and concubines   Children   Adopted sons   Adopted daughters   Grandchildren   Cultural legacy   Names   In popular culture   Literature   Movies   TV series   Video games   Manga   Anime   Documentary   Honours  

The text above has been excerpted automatically from Wikipedia - please correct any errors in the original article.
豐臣秀吉(;1537年3月17日 - 1598年)是日本戰國時代末期至安土桃山時代的大名,原姓木下,之後將丹羽長秀的字和柴田勝家字各取一字將改姓羽柴。原為下級武士家庭出身,後來因事奉其主織田信長,富有才幹而逐漸發跡,在主君織田信長死後,在內部鬥爭中勝出,於1582年的山崎之戰擊敗明智光秀、於1583年的賤岳之戰擊敗柴田勝家,篡奪織田家的家業,進成為織田信長實質的接班人。之後在1585年(天正十三年)擔任關白,1586年(天正十四年)再兼任太政大臣等職位,獲賜氏姓「豐臣」,並動工興建大阪城,並透過不斷征伐與收編各方勢力,實現日本自15世紀中葉後首次的形式上的統一,是為豐臣政權,成為日本的最高統治者。掌權期間通過太閤檢地、刀狩令等政策強化武士階層,穩固其統治基礎;晚年發動朝鮮之役,在戰事末期逝世,被日本朝廷賜封「豐國大明神」。在日本歷史上,豐臣秀吉與其同時代的主君織田信長、及其家臣德川家康並稱「戰國三傑」。

Read more...: 經歷   青年時期   信長家臣時期   本能寺之變   信長後繼者   天下人之路、讓出家督   侵略朝鮮及晚年   政績   人物特色及軼事   墳墓、靈廟、神社   辭世之句   系譜   家臣   早期家臣   秀吉四天王   賤岳七本槍   五奉行   三中老   五大老   十人衆   信長舊臣   黃母衣眾   七手組   與力眾   接受秀吉偏諱的人物   登場作品  

The text above has been excerpted automatically from Wikipedia - please correct any errors in the original article.


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