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-> 多爾袞

多爾袞[View] [Edit] [History]
ctext:807470

RelationTargetTextual basis
typeperson
name愛新覺羅多爾袞
name多爾袞default
died-date順治七年十二月戊子
1650/12/31
清史稿·本紀四 世祖本紀一》:十二月戊子,攝政和碩睿親王多爾袞薨於喀喇城。
born1614
died1649
fatherperson:後金太祖清史稿·列傳三》:大妃烏拉納喇氏生阿濟格、睿親王多爾袞、豫親王多鐸,
authority-cbdb65991
authority-cbdb339770
authority-sinica9518
authority-viaf282753359
authority-wikidataQ45466434
authority-wikidataQ380573
link-wikipedia_zh多爾袞
link-wikipedia_enDorgon
held-officeoffice:和碩睿親王
    from-date 崇德元年四月丁酉
1636/5/27
清史稿·本紀三 太宗本紀二》:丁酉,敘功,封大貝勒代善為和碩兄禮親王,貝勒濟爾哈朗為和碩鄭親王,多爾袞為和碩睿親王,多鐸為和碩豫親王,豪格為和碩肅親王,岳託為和碩成親王,阿濟格為多羅武英郡王,杜度為多羅安平貝勒,阿巴泰為多羅饒餘貝勒;諸蒙古貝勒巴達禮為和碩土謝圖親王,吳克善為和碩卓禮克圖親王,固倫額駙額哲為和碩親王,布塔齊為多羅札薩克圖郡王,滿朱習禮為多羅巴圖魯郡王,袞出斯巴圖魯為多羅達爾漢郡王,孫杜棱為多羅杜棱郡王,固倫額駙班第為多羅郡王,孔果爾為冰圖王,東為多羅達爾漢戴青,俄木布為多羅達爾漢卓禮克圖,古魯思轄布為多羅杜棱,單把為達爾漢,耿格爾為多羅貝勒,孔有德為恭順王,耿仲明為懷順王,尚可喜為智順王。
held-officeoffice:奉命大將軍
    from-date 崇德三年八月癸丑
1638/9/30
清史稿·本紀三 太宗本紀二》:癸丑,以睿親王多爾袞為奉命大將軍,統左翼兵,貝勒豪格、阿巴泰副之,貝勒岳託為揚武大將軍,統右翼兵,貝勒杜度副之,分道伐明。
Dorgon (m=, literally "badger"; 17 November 1612 – 31 December 1650), also Prince Rui, was a Manchu prince and regent of the early Qing dynasty. Born in the House of Aisin-Gioro as the 14th son of Nurhaci (the founder of the Qing dynasty), Dorgon started his career in military campaigns against the Ming dynasty, Mongols and Koreans during the reign of his eighth brother, Hong Taiji, who succeeded their father.

After Hong Taiji's death in 1643, he was involved in a power struggle against Hong Taiji's eldest son, Hooge, over the succession to the throne. Both of them eventually came to a compromise by backing out and letting Hong Taiji's ninth son, Fulin, become the emperor; Fulin was installed on the throne as the Shunzhi Emperor. Dorgon served as Prince-Regent from 1643 to 1650, throughout the Shunzhi Emperor's early reign. In 1645, he was given the honorary title "Emperor's Uncle and Prince-Regent"; the title was changed to "Emperor's Father and Prince-Regent" in 1649.

Under Dorgon's regency, Qing forces occupied Beijing, the capital of the fallen Ming dynasty, and gradually conquered the rest of the Ming in a series of battles against Ming loyalists and other opposing forces around China. Dorgon also introduced the policy of forcing all Han Chinese men to shave the front of the heads and wear their hair in queues just like the Manchus. He died in 1650 during a hunting trip and was posthumously honoured as an emperor even though he was never an emperor during his lifetime. A year after Dorgon's death, however, the Shunzhi Emperor accused Dorgon of several crimes, stripped him of his titles, and ordered his remains to be exhumed and flogged in public. Dorgon was posthumously rehabilitated and restored of his honorary titles by the Qianlong Emperor in 1778.

Read more...: Early life   Rise to power   Dorgons regency (1643–1650)   A quasi-emperor   Settling in the capital   Conquest of the Ming   Death   Posthumous demotion and restoration   Myths about direct descendants of Dorgon   Legacy of Dorgon   Physical appearance   Family   Ancestry  

The text above has been excerpted automatically from Wikipedia - please correct any errors in the original article.
多爾袞(ᡩᠣᡵᡤᠣᠨ|v=Dorgon|a=Dorgon,1612年11月17日 - 1650年),滿洲愛新覺羅氏,曾一度追尊為皇帝,廟號「成宗」,謚號「懋德修道廣業定功安民立政誠敬義皇帝」。努爾哈赤第十四子,皇太極之弟,母為努爾哈赤大妃阿巴亥(烏拉納喇氏),同母兄英親王阿濟格,同母弟豫親王多鐸。初稱台吉。1626年封貝勒,後因戰功封「和碩睿親王」。

順治朝多爾袞攝政時期,清軍入關,對清朝入主中原起了關鍵作用。今北京故宮東側南池子大街東側的普度寺,即原為多爾袞在京城的宅邸。

Read more...: 生平   少年   戰功   爭奪皇位   攝政   治國之策   逝世   個人生活   評價   與孝莊文皇后的關係   家族   妻子|妻妾   女兒   養子   後代   影視形象   注釋  

The text above has been excerpted automatically from Wikipedia - please correct any errors in the original article.

TextCount
清史稿294
清史紀事本末45
清稗類鈔1
URI: https://data.ctext.org/entity/807470 [RDF]

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