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-> 馮夢龍

馮夢龍[View] [Edit] [History]

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name-style猶龍四庫全書總目提要·卷30 經部·春秋類存目一》:夢龍字猶龍,吳縣人。
associated-dynastydynasty:明四庫全書總目提要·卷30 經部·春秋類存目一》:明馮夢龍撰。
Feng Menglong (1574–1646), courtesy names Youlong (猶龍), Gongyu (公魚), Ziyou (子猶), or Eryou (耳猶), was a Chinese historian, novelist, and poet of the late Ming Dynasty. He was born in Changzhou County (長洲縣, not Changzhou), now part of Suzhou, in Jiangsu Province.

Feng was born into a scholar-bureaucrat gentry household, where he and his brothers Feng Menggui and Feng Mengxiong were educated in the classics and the traditional arts of the gentleman. He and his brothers, all well known as accomplished writers, artists, and poets, became known collectively as the "Three Fengs of the Wu Area". In spite of his literary talent and his zeal for scholarship from a young age, Feng sat the imperial civil service examinations many times without success, eventually giving up and making a living as a tutor and teacher.

In 1626, he narrowly avoided punishment after being implicated as an associate of Zhou Shunchang (周順昌), who was framed and purged by the corrupt eunuch Wei Zhongxian. Appalled by the injustice, he resolved to complete his trilogy of vernacular Chinese short story collections: Stories to Instruct the World, Stories to Caution the World, and Stories to Awaken the World (喻世明言, 警世通言, and 醒世恆言), the first two volumes of which had already appeared.

In recognition of his reputation as a writer, Feng was finally awarded the gongsheng degree in 1630 at the age of fifty-seven. In the subsequent year, he received his first government post as instructor of Dantu County (丹徒縣, today Zhenjiang, Jiangsu). In 1634, he was appointed magistrate of Shouning County (壽寧) in Fujian. During his tenure, he became regarded as a morally upright and diligent administrator. He retired in 1638.

In 1644, the Ming state was thrown into turmoil by the sacking of Beijing by Li Zicheng's rebel army and invasion by the Manchu Qing forces. At the age of seventy-one, he published the Grand Proposals for National Rejuvenation (中興偉略) to inspire his countrymen to repel the invaders. He died in despair in 1646 as the Ming dynasty continued to collapse. Some works indicate or imply that he was killed by Qing soldiers.

Feng's literary output consisted of the compilation of histories and local gazettes, the retelling of folktales and stories from antiquity in the form of short stories and plays, and the authorship of vernacular Chinese novels. Two of his noteworthy works are the Qing Shi (History of Love, 情史), an anthology of classical love stories, and the shenmo novel Pingyao Zhuan. In 1620 he published the Illustrious Words to Instruct the World (喻世明言 Yushi Mingyan), or Stories Old and New, the first part of his well-known trilogy.

Feng was a proponent of the school of Li Zhi, which supported the importance of human feelings and behavior in literature. He is frequently associated with Ling Mengchu, author of Slapping the Table in Amazement, a two-part collection of entertaining vernacular tales.

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The text above has been excerpted automatically from Wikipedia - please correct any errors in the original article.
馮夢龍(1574年 - 1646年),明代文學家、戲曲家。字猶龍,又字公魚子猶耳猶,號龍子猶墨憨齋主人吳下詞奴姑蘇詞奴前周柱史顧曲散人綠天館主人等。 南直隸蘇州府長洲縣(今江蘇省蘇州市)人,同其兄畫家馮夢桂、其弟詩人馮夢熊並稱「吳下三馮」。 他的作品比較強調感情和行為,最有名的作品為《喻世明言》(古今小說)、《警世通言》、《醒世恆言》,合稱「三言」,三言與凌濛初的《初刻拍案驚奇》、《二刻拍案驚奇》合稱「三言二拍」,是中國白話短篇小說的經典代表。

Read more...: 生平   文學思想   作品   三言(小說)   歷史演義   長篇小說   民歌集   筆記故事   戲曲   詩歌   遊戲書   地方志   親屬   兄弟   情人   評價   電影  

The text above has been excerpted automatically from Wikipedia - please correct any errors in the original article.



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