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-> 大學士

大學士[View] [Edit] [History]
ctext:843807

RelationTargetTextual basis
typeoffice
name大學士
authority-wikidataQ1208709
link-wikipedia_zh大学士
link-wikipedia_enGrand_Secretariat
The Grand Secretariat (內閣 Nèigé; Manchu: dorgi yamun) was nominally a coordinating agency but de facto the highest institution in the imperial government of the Chinese Ming dynasty. It first took shape after the Hongwu Emperor abolished the office of Chancellor (of the Zhongshu Sheng) in 1380 and gradually evolved into an effective coordinating organ superimposed on the Six Ministries. There were altogether six Grand Secretaries (內閣大學士; Manchu: ashan bithei da), though the posts were not always filled. The most senior one was popularly called Senior Grand Secretary (首輔, shǒufǔ). The Grand Secretaries were nominally mid-level officials, ranked much lower than the Ministers, heads of the Ministries. However, since they screened documents submitted to the emperor from all governmental agencies, and had the power of drafting suggested rescripts for the emperor, generally known as piàonǐ (票擬) or tiáozhǐ (條旨), some senior Grand Secretaries were able to dominate the whole government, acting as de facto Chancellor. The word nèigé itself also became to refer modern cabinet in Chinese.

The Grand Secretariat system was adopted by the Lê dynasty and Nguyễn dynasty of Vietnam. It was also adopted by the Qing dynasty, however, it was only the de jure highest institution during Qing dynasty.

Read more...: Evolution   Rank of Grand Secretaries   Titles of Grand Secretary   In China   In Vietnam  

The text above has been excerpted automatically from Wikipedia - please correct any errors in the original article.
大學士,主要是內閣大學士又稱殿閣大學士,一般有大學士協辦大學士,為輔助皇帝的高級秘書官。另外,明代左右春坊亦有大學士,故大學士不等於內閣大學士。此外,越南也曾模仿中國,設立大學士之職。

Read more...: 起源   明朝的大學士   廢相   內閣之名   首輔之名   清朝的大學士   南書房的興起   軍機處的興起   三殿三閣大學士   越南的大學士  

The text above has been excerpted automatically from Wikipedia - please correct any errors in the original article.

SourceRelationfrom-date
文安之held-office1647/3/6 - 1647/4/4永曆元年二月
王錫袞held-office1647/3/6 - 1647/4/4永曆元年二月
車克held-office1662/8/14康熙壬寅年七月壬申
成克鞏held-office1662/11/12康熙壬寅年十月壬寅
孫廷銓held-office1663/6/14康熙癸卯年五月丙子
班布爾善held-office1667/3/16康熙丁未年二月丁卯
杜立德held-office1669/5/10康熙己酉年四月癸酉
索額圖held-office1669/9/18康熙己酉年八月甲申
熊賜履held-office1675/4/24康熙乙卯年三月戊子
勒德洪held-office1677/8/27康熙丁巳年七月甲辰
王熙held-office1682/6/26康熙壬戌年五月戊辰
吳正治held-office1682/11/14康熙壬戌年十月己丑
宋德宜held-office1684/8/21康熙甲子年七月乙亥
余國柱held-office1687/3/18康熙丁卯年二月甲寅
李之芳held-office1687/10/12康熙丁卯年九月壬午
梁清標held-office1688/3/12康熙戊辰年二月甲寅
伊桑阿held-office1688/3/12康熙戊辰年二月甲寅
徐元文held-office1689/6/26康熙己巳年五月乙巳
李天馥held-office1692/11/12康熙壬申年十月庚辰
吳琠held-office1698/8/6康熙戊寅年七月癸酉
張英held-office1700/2/16康熙己卯年十一月壬辰
席哈納held-office1702/11/10康熙壬午年九月己巳
陳廷敬held-office1703/6/5康熙癸未年四月丙申
王頊齡held-office1718/11/3康熙戊戌年九月丙戌
溫達held-office1720/2/26康熙己亥年十二月丙戌
富寧安held-office1723/1/19康熙六十一年十二月甲子
張鵬翮held-office1723/3/8雍正癸卯年二月壬子
徐元夢held-office1723/6/21雍正癸卯年五月丁酉
田從典held-office1725/6/4雍正乙巳年四月辛卯
高其位held-office1725/9/3雍正乙巳年七月壬戌
張廷玉held-office1725/9/3雍正乙巳年七月壬戌
張廷玉held-office1726/3/30雍正丙午年二月庚寅
蔣廷錫held-office1728/4/15雍正戊申年三月丁巳
馬爾賽held-office1728/9/10雍正戊申年八月乙酉
鄂爾泰held-office1732/2/19雍正壬子年正月壬午
嵇曾筠held-office1733/5/17雍正癸丑年四月乙卯
查郎阿held-office1735/9/10雍正乙卯年七月辛酉
史貽直held-office1744/2/15乾隆九年正月辛巳
高斌held-office1749/2/4乾隆十三年十二月丁酉
楊應琚held-office1764/7/29乾隆二十九年七月辛亥
董誥held-office1796/11/6嘉慶丙辰年十月己卯
劉墉held-office1797/4/19嘉慶丁巳年三月癸亥
蘇凌阿held-office1797/11/6嘉慶丁巳年九月甲申
慶桂held-office1799/4/5嘉慶己未年三月己未
董誥held-office1799/6/29嘉慶己未年五月甲申
朱珪held-office1805/2/25嘉慶乙丑年正月辛亥
祿康held-office1806/12/26嘉慶丙寅年十一月庚申
費淳held-office1807/2/7 - 1808/1/27嘉慶十二年
戴衢亨held-office1810/6/11嘉慶庚午年五月癸亥
祿康held-office1810/6/11嘉慶庚午年五月癸亥
劉權之held-office1811/6/24嘉慶辛未年五月辛巳
勒保held-office1811/7/26嘉慶辛未年六月癸丑
曹振鏞held-office1813/10/13嘉慶癸酉年九月癸未
松筠held-office1813/10/13嘉慶癸酉年九月癸未
托津held-office1814/9/26嘉慶甲戌年八月辛未
明亮held-office1817/7/14 - 1817/8/12嘉慶丁丑年六月
章煦held-office1818/4/17嘉慶戊寅年三月庚戌
戴均元held-office1820/3/30嘉慶庚辰年二月癸卯
伯麟held-office1821/6/8道光元年四月戊午
長齡held-office1822/8/12道光二年六月戊辰
孫玉庭held-office1824/9/9道光四年閏七月丁未
盧蔭溥held-office1830/11/7道光十年九月丁丑
文孚held-office1834/12/25道光十四年十一月丙戌
琦善held-office1838/2/24道光十八年二月癸卯
寶興held-office1841/3/5道光二十一年二月戊辰
耆英held-office1848/12/4道光二十八年十一月己卯
賽尚阿held-office1851/2/1咸豐辛亥年正月戊子
裕誠held-office1852/2/23咸豐壬子年正月乙卯
訥爾經額held-office1852/10/16咸豐壬子年九月辛亥
葉名琛held-office1853/2/7咸豐壬子年十二月乙巳
文慶held-office1853/2/7咸豐壬子年十二月乙巳
翁心存held-office1858/10/16咸豐戊午年九月壬午
柏葰held-office1858/10/16咸豐戊午年九月壬午
周祖培held-office1861/2/5咸豐庚申年十二月乙酉
官文held-office1861/2/5咸豐庚申年十二月乙酉
倭仁held-office1862/10/9同治壬戌年閏八月丙申
曾國藩held-office1867/6/10同治丁卯年五月辛酉
朱鳳標held-office1868/4/19同治戊辰年三月乙亥
瑞麟held-office1871/8/2同治辛未年六月乙亥
李鴻章held-office1872/6/22同治壬申年五月庚子
文祥held-office1872/8/15同治壬申年六月甲午
單懋謙held-office1872/10/1同治壬申年八月辛巳
左宗棠held-office1874/8/23同治甲戌年七月壬子
弘文院大學士kind-of

TextCount
南明野史22
清史稿1078
鴉片事略7
弘光實錄鈔20
曾文正公年譜8
欽定平定台灣紀略3
新唐書3
三藩紀事本末18
御製詩初集12
清史紀事本末130
晚晴簃詩匯1
行在陽秋43
治臺必告錄1
明史300
全唐詩話3
庚子國變記10
舊唐書2
永歷實錄24
清稗類鈔94
四庫全書總目提要155
小腆紀傳110
資治通鑑1
舊五代史1
防海紀略4
臺灣鄭氏始末3
元史7
明史紀事本末17
海東逸史5
廿二史劄記12
千頃堂書目15
宋史19
崇禎實錄13
小腆紀年105
四庫全書簡明目錄18
URI: https://data.ctext.org/entity/843807 [RDF]

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