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-> 樞密使

樞密使[View] [Edit] [History]
ctext:85216

RelationTargetTextual basis
typeoffice
name樞密使
authority-wikidataQ11107510
link-wikipedia_zh枢密使
link-wikipedia_enShumishi
Shumishi (樞密使), or shumi, was an official title in imperial China important in the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period, the Liao dynasty, the Song dynasty and the Jin dynasty (1115–1234). Shumishi managed the Bureau of Military Affairs (樞密院).

Originally created in 765 in the Tang Dynasty for eunuchs to coordinate and supervise the emperor's paperwork, this post grew in importance since the 870s as eunuchs dominated the imperial Tang government. After the Tang Dynasty fell in the beginning of the 10th century, shumishi was no longer restricted to eunuchs and indeed was the title of some of highest officeholders in many Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period (907–979) states. In the Song Dynasty (960–1279), a shumishi was a military affairs commissioner in charge of the entire national military.

The text above has been excerpted automatically from Wikipedia - please correct any errors in the original article.
樞密使,尊稱樞相。中國古代官名,負責統帥全國軍政。

唐代宗永泰年間,置樞密使、以宦官為之,掌接受朝臣以及四方表奏並宣達帝命,參贊軍機;至昭宗時,借朱溫之力,盡誅殺宦官,開始以士人任樞密使。天祐元年(904),朱溫命蔣玄暉擔任樞密使,是為外朝臣僚擔任此職之始。後梁置崇政院,改崇政使,然後以君主左右最親信的大臣擔任此職,「凡承上之旨,宣之宰相而奉行之」。

後唐複改樞密使,位同宰相,專掌軍政。莊宗任用宦官張居翰為樞密使,與郭崇韜對掌機務,又以宦官李紹宏為樞密使。後晉天福四年(939)廢樞密院,而「以印付中書,院事皆委宰相分判」。開運元年(944)「復置樞密院,以桑維翰為中書令兼樞密使,事無大小,悉以委之」。

宋朝,樞密院與中書門下並稱「二府」,樞密使位高權重,雅稱為太尉,與中書門下之同平章事合稱「宰執」;統帥全國軍隊。樞密院長官為樞密使、知樞密院事、同知樞密院事、僉書樞密院事、同僉書樞密院事等。太平興國八年正月,曹彬罷樞密使。次日,王顯受命為樞密副使,六月任樞密使。樞密院長官張遜、柴禹錫、趙鎔等都是太宗早年在藩邸的親從。宋真宗即位後,以曹彬任樞密使,而以向敏中、夏侯嶠副之。

元朝置樞密院,長官稱樞密使,按例太子領樞密使虛銜。樞密副使主持軍務,多用蒙古人,漢人任之極少,僅史天澤、王約等任期較長。

清朝對軍機大臣也往往尊稱為樞密。

Read more...: 歷代樞密使、知院事   注釋  

The text above has been excerpted automatically from Wikipedia - please correct any errors in the original article.

SourceRelationfrom-date
張居翰held-office923/5/13同光元年四月己巳
郭崇韜held-office923/5/13同光元年四月己巳
李紹宏held-office926/3/18同光四年二月己丑
安重誨held-office926/5/23天成元年四月乙未
孔循held-office926/5/30天成元年四月壬寅
馮玉held-office945/4/14開運二年二月丙申
楊邠held-office947/4/27天福十二年四月己未
趙普held-office962/11/16建隆三年十月辛丑
李崇矩held-office964/2/28乾德二年正月庚寅
曹彬held-office976/3/16開寶九年二月庚戌
楚昭輔held-office976/11/21開寶九年十月庚申
石熙載held-office981/6/19太平興國六年五月辛亥
王顯held-office983/7/27太平興國八年六月己亥
曹彬held-office997/9/11至道三年八月己亥
王顯held-office999/8/22咸平二年七月己丑
王繼英held-office1004/8/25景德元年八月己未
陳堯叟held-office1012/10/11大中祥符五年九月戊子
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趙元儼held-office1014/4/10大中祥符七年三月甲午
寇準held-office1014/7/20大中祥符七年六月乙亥
陳堯叟held-office1015/5/3大中祥符八年四月壬戌
王欽若held-office1015/5/3大中祥符八年四月壬戌
丁謂held-office1020/1/6天禧三年十二月辛卯
曹利用held-office1020/1/6天禧三年十二月辛卯
馮拯held-office1020/8/8天禧四年七月丙寅
錢惟演held-office1022/8/8乾興元年七月丙子
張旻held-office1026/1/8天聖三年十二月乙丑
楊崇勛held-office1033/1/8明道元年十二月壬寅
王曙held-office1033/11/20明道二年十月戊午
王曾held-office1034/9/28景祐元年八月庚午
晏殊held-office1040/10/24康定元年九月戊辰
章得象held-office1042/8/5慶曆二年七月戊午
夏竦held-office1043/5/2慶曆三年三月戊子
杜衍held-office1043/5/19慶曆三年四月乙巳
賈昌朝held-office1044/10/19慶曆四年九月甲申
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龐籍held-office1049/9/1皇祐元年八月壬戌
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狄青held-office1053/5/26皇祐五年五月乙巳
王德用held-office1054/4/15至和元年三月己巳
耶律乙辛held-office1055/9/9 - 1065/2/7清寧
韓琦held-office1056/9/25嘉祐元年八月癸亥
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曾公亮held-office1060/12/11嘉祐五年十一月辛丑
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陳升之held-office1073/1/18熙寧五年十二月壬午
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馮京held-office1080/10/12元豐三年九月丙戌
秦檜held-office1137/2/16紹興七年正月丁亥
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紇石烈志寧held-office1167/1/19大定六年十二月丙申
虞允文held-office1169/7/20乾道五年六月己酉
完顏思敬held-office1169/11/19大定九年十月辛亥
王炎held-office1171/8/30乾道七年七月庚子
王淮held-office1178/12/28淳熙五年十一月丁丑
徒單克寧held-office1181/9/5大定二十一年七月己亥
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王藺held-office1190/8/5紹熙元年七月乙卯
趙汝愚held-office1194/8/10紹熙五年七月辛巳
唐括貢held-office1195/7/21明昌六年六月丙寅
陳自強held-office1207/2/2開禧三年正月庚辰
薛極held-office1233/11/19紹定六年十月丁亥
曾從龍held-office1235/12/17端平二年十一月乙丑
徐鹿卿held-office1248/7/14淳祐八年六月戊戌
賈似道held-office1258/12/13寶祐六年十一月壬戌

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錢塘遺事3
南唐書2
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建炎以來繫年要錄18
契丹國志1
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西夏書事2
URI: https://data.ctext.org/entity/85216 [RDF]

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