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-> 順治

順治[View] [Edit] [History]
ctext:875738

RelationTargetTextual basis
typeera
name順治default
name순치
authority-wikidataQ1077244
link-wikipedia_zh顺治
link-wikipedia_enShunzhi
rulerperson:清世祖
    from-date 順治元年正月庚寅
1644/2/8
    to-date 順治十八年正月丁巳
1661/2/5
rulerperson:清聖祖
    from-date 順治十八年正月戊午
1661/2/6
    to-date 順治十八年十二月甲戌
1662/2/17
from-date順治元年正月庚寅
1644/2/8
to-date順治十八年十二月甲戌
1662/2/17
The Shunzhi Emperor (Fulin; 15 March 1638 – 5 February 1661) was the second emperor of the Qing dynasty of China, and the first Qing emperor to rule over China proper, reigning from 1644 to 1661. A committee of Manchu princes chose him to succeed his father, Hong Taiji (1592–1643), in September 1643, when he was five years old. The princes also appointed two co-regents: Dorgon (1612–1650), the 14th son of the Qing dynasty's founder Nurhaci (1559–1626), and Jirgalang (1599–1655), one of Nurhaci's nephews, both of whom were members of the Qing imperial clan.

From 1643 to 1650, political power lay mostly in the hands of Dorgon. Under his leadership, the Qing Empire conquered most of the territory of the fallen Ming dynasty (1368–1644), chased Ming loyalist regimes deep into the southwestern provinces, and established the basis of Qing rule over China proper despite highly unpopular policies such as the "hair cutting command" of 1645, which forced Qing subjects to shave their forehead and braid their remaining hair into a queue resembling that of the Manchus. After Dorgon's death on the last day of 1650, the young Shunzhi Emperor started to rule personally. He tried, with mixed success, to fight corruption and to reduce the political influence of the Manchu nobility. In the 1650s, he faced a resurgence of Ming loyalist resistance, but by 1661 his armies had defeated the Qing Empire's last enemies, seafarer Koxinga (1624–1662) and the Prince of Gui (1623–1662) of the Southern Ming dynasty, both of whom would succumb the following year. The Shunzhi Emperor died at the age of 22 of smallpox, a highly contagious disease that was endemic in China, but against which the Manchus had no immunity. He was succeeded by his third son Xuanye, who had already survived smallpox, and who reigned for sixty years under the era name "Kangxi" (hence he was known as the Kangxi Emperor). Because fewer documents have survived from the Shunzhi era than from later eras of the Qing dynasty, the Shunzhi era is a relatively little-known period of Qing history.

"Shunzhi" was the name of this ruler's reign period in Chinese. This title had equivalents in Manchu and Mongolian because the Qing imperial family was Manchu and ruled over many Mongol tribes that helped the Qing to conquer the Ming dynasty. The emperor's personal name was Fulin, and the posthumous name by which he was worshipped at the Imperial Ancestral Temple was Shizu (Wade–Giles: Shih-tsu; Chinese: 世祖).

Read more...: Historical background   Becoming emperor   Dorgons regency (1643–1650)   A quasi emperor   Settling in the capital   Conquest of China proper   Transition and personal rule (1651–1661)   Purging Dorgons clique   Factional politics and the fight against corruption   Chinese style of rule   Frontiers, tributaries, and foreign relations   Continuous campaigns against the Southern Ming   Personality and relationships   Death and succession   Smallpox   Forged last will   After death   Legacy   Family   Ancestry   In popular culture  

The text above has been excerpted automatically from Wikipedia - please correct any errors in the original article.
順治(ᡳᠵᡳᠰᡥᡡᠨ ᡩᠠᠰᠠᠨ|v=ijishūn dasan|a=ijishvn dasan|p=izhis'huun dasan;;1644年-1661年)為清朝在清軍入關後第一位皇帝清世祖福臨的年號,前後共18年。順治十八年正月六日清聖祖即位沿用。

Read more...: 改元   公元紀年對照表   同期存在的其他政權年號  

The text above has been excerpted automatically from Wikipedia - please correct any errors in the original article.

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TextCount
海國圖志3
南明野史14
清史稿1449
欽定平定台灣紀略1
三藩紀事本末41
貴州通志3
清史紀事本末21
晚晴簃詩匯260
福州府志乾隆本184
西南紀事3
春冰室野乘4
廣東通志24
山東通志141
萇楚齋三筆2
玉臺畫史1
明史46
萇楚齋續筆3
清稗類鈔30
保德州志77
四庫全書總目提要279
小腆紀傳2
弢園文錄外編2
熙朝新語4
明季北略2
東瀛識略2
琉球國志略2
皇清書史104
臺灣鄭氏始末1
蜀碧1
海寇記2
萇楚齋五筆1
查東山先生年譜5
台海使槎錄1
小腆紀年3
四庫全書簡明目錄1
URI: https://data.ctext.org/entity/875738 [RDF]

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