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-> 吳三桂

吳三桂[View] [Edit] [History]
ctext:897050

RelationTargetTextual basis
typeperson
name吳三桂
name-style長伯清史稿·列傳二百六十一 呉三桂 耿精忠 尚之信 孫延齡》:吳三桂,字長伯,江南高郵人,籍遼東。
died-date康熙戊午年八月乙未
1678/10/12
清史稿·本紀六 聖祖本紀一》:乙未,吳三桂死,永興圍解。
born1612
died1678
fatherperson:吳襄清史稿·列傳二百六十一 呉三桂 耿精忠 尚之信 孫延齡》:父襄,明崇禎初官錦州總兵。
authority-cbdb58844
authority-ddbc22402
authority-sinica2121
authority-viaf43325281
authority-wikidataQ468701
link-wikipedia_zh吴三桂
link-wikipedia_enWu_Sangui
held-officeoffice:平西王
    from-date 順治元年四月己卯
1644/5/27
清史稿·本紀四 世祖本紀一》:封三桂為平西王,以馬步軍一萬隸之,直趨燕京。
held-officeoffice:薊國公
    from-date 崇禎甲申年五月乙卯
1644/7/2
小腆紀傳·卷第一》:乙卯,封吳三桂為薊國公。
held-officeoffice:鎮雲南
    from-date 順治十六年三月甲寅
1659/4/14
清史稿·本紀五 世祖本紀二 》:甲寅,命吳三桂鎮雲南,尚可喜鎮廣東,耿繼茂鎮四川。
killedperson:朱國治清史稿·本紀六 聖祖本紀一》:吳三桂反,殺雲南巡撫朱國治,貴州提督李本深、巡撫曹申吉俱降賊,總督甘文焜死之。
    at-date 康熙癸丑年十二月壬子
1674/1/23
rebelled-againstdynasty:清清史稿·本紀六 聖祖本紀一》:吳三桂反,殺雲南巡撫朱國治,貴州提督李本深、巡撫曹申吉俱降賊,總督甘文焜死之。
    at-date 康熙癸丑年十二月壬子
1674/1/23
Wu Sangui (吳三桂 Wú Sānguì|w=Wu San-kuei), courtesy name Changbai (長白) or Changbo (長伯), 1612 – 2 October 1678, was a Chinese military leader who played an instrumental role in the fall of the Ming dynasty and the establishment of the Qing dynasty in its place.

In 1644, after the rebel leader Li Zicheng killed his father, the Ming general Wu Xiang, Wu Sangui allied with the Qing Prince Dorgon and allowed the Qing army passage through the Shanhaiguan to suppress Li's rebellion. For his efforts in establishing the Qing dynasty, he was given a large fiefdom consisting of Yunnan and, later, Guizhou provinces, as well as the noble title "Prince Who Pacifies the West".

In 1674, instead of retiring from service, Wu decided to rebel against the Qing. In 1678, Wu declared himself the Emperor of China and the ruler of the Great Zhou (大周), only to die within months. For a time, his grandson Wu Shifan succeeded him. However, the Kangxi Emperor of the Qing Dynasty eventually quelled the revolt.

Wu Sangui is considered by traditional scholars as having been a traitor to both the Ming and the Qing dynasties.

Read more...: Early years   Service under the Ming dynasty   Garrisoning Liaodong   Battle of Xingshan   Battle of Songjin   Promotion after the defeat   Defection to the Qing   Surrender to the Qing dynasty   Suppressing the rebellion in Shanxi   Suppressing the rebellion in Sichuan   Garrisoning Yunnan   Loyalty and revolt   Great Zhou Dynasty (1678–1681)   Physical appearance   In popular culture  

The text above has been excerpted automatically from Wikipedia - please correct any errors in the original article.
吳三桂(1612年6月8日 - 1678年),字長伯,一字月所,遼西(今遼寧綏中縣)人,祖籍南直隸高郵州(今江蘇省高郵市),錦州總兵吳襄之子,祖大壽外甥。以父蔭襲軍官。明崇禎時為遼東總兵,封「平西伯」,鎮守山海關。1644年降清,引清兵入關,被封為「平西王」。1661年絞殺南明永曆帝。1673年叛清,發動「三藩之亂」,並於1678年農曆八月十七夜病死。其孫吳世璠即位,尊之為周太祖高皇帝

Read more...: 生平   早期經歷   鎮守山海關   引清兵入關   從西北到西南   起兵叛亂   去世   家庭   妻妾   兄弟   子女   孫子   吳三桂與《圓圓曲》   評價   影視形象   參考   注釋  

The text above has been excerpted automatically from Wikipedia - please correct any errors in the original article.

TextCount
南明野史25
清史稿316
弘光實錄鈔3
三藩紀事本末2
清史紀事本末46
行在陽秋28
明史15
永歷實錄2
清稗類鈔57
四庫全書總目提要10
小腆紀傳3
熙朝新語1
明季北略2
臺灣鄭氏始末1
明史紀事本末38
小腆紀年40
明季實錄4
明季實錄4
URI: https://data.ctext.org/entity/897050 [RDF]

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