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-> 左宗棠

左宗棠[View] [Edit] [History]
ctext:921590

RelationTargetTextual basis
typeperson
name左宗棠
name-style季高清史稿·列傳一百九十九 左宗棠》:左宗棠,字季高,湖南湘陰人。
died-date光緒乙酉年八月乙酉
1885/9/27
清史稿·本紀二十三 德宗本紀一》:乙酉,左宗棠卒,贈太傅。
born1812
died1885
fatherperson:左觀瀾清史稿·列傳一百九十九 左宗棠》:父觀瀾,廩生,有學行。
authority-cbdb54964
authority-ddbc18028
authority-sinica470
authority-viaf37717933
authority-wikidataQ230200
link-wikipedia_zh左宗棠
link-wikipedia_enZuo_Zongtang
held-officeoffice:大學士
    from-date 同治甲戌年七月壬子
1874/8/23
清史稿·本紀二十二 穆宗本紀二》:壬子,命左宗棠為大學士,仍留陜甘總督任,景廉為欽差大臣,督辦新疆軍務,金順幫辦軍務。
held-officeoffice:軍機大臣
    from-date 光緒辛巳年正月壬辰
1881/2/27
清史稿·本紀二十三 德宗本紀一》:壬辰,命左宗棠為軍機大臣,管兵部,兼總理各國事務衙門行走。
held-officeoffice:兩江總督
    from-date 光緒辛巳年九月乙未
1881/10/28
清史稿·本紀二十三 德宗本紀一》:劉坤一罷,以左宗棠為兩江總督,兼南洋大臣。
exam-statusexamstatus:舉人
    from-date 道光壬辰年
1832/2/2 - 1833/2/19
晚晴簃詩匯·卷一百三十七》:左宗棠,字季高,湘陰人。道光壬辰舉人,官至東閣大學士,封二等恪靖侯。
Zuo Zongtang, Marquis Kejing (also romanised as Tso Tsung-t'ang; tswɔ̀ tsʊ́ŋtʰɑ̌ŋ; 10 November 1812 – 5 September 1885), sometimes referred to as General Tso, was a Chinese statesman and military leader of the late Qing dynasty.

Born in Xiangyin County, Hunan Province, Zuo sat for the imperial examination in his youth but obtained only a juren degree. He then spent his time studying agriculture, geography and military strategy. In 1851, he started his career in the Qing military by participating in the campaign against the Taiping Rebellion. In 1862, he was recommended by Zeng Guofan to serve as the provincial governor of Zhejiang Province. During his term, he coordinated Qing forces to attack the Taiping rebels with support from British and French forces. For this success, he was promoted to Viceroy of Min-Zhe. After capturing Hangzhou from the Taiping rebels in 1864, he was enfeoffed as a first class count. In 1866, as part of the Qing government's Self-Strengthening Movement, Zuo oversaw the construction of the Fuzhou Arsenal and naval academy. That same year, he was reassigned to serve as the Viceroy of Shaan-Gan, where he oversaw industrialisation in Gansu Province. In 1867, he was appointed as an Imperial Commissioner in charge of military affairs in Gansu.

During his term as Imperial Commissioner in Gansu, he participated in the suppression of the Nian Rebellion. In 1875, he was appointed Imperial Commissioner again to supervise military action against the Dungan Revolt. By the late 1870s, he had crushed the Dungan Revolt and recaptured Xinjiang Province from rebel forces. In 1875, the Guangxu Emperor made an extraordinary exception by awarding Zuo a jinshi degree – even though Zuo never achieved this in the imperial examination – and appointing him to the Hanlin Academy. In 1878, in recognition of his achievements, Zuo was promoted from a first class count to a second class marquis. He was reassigned to serve as the Viceroy of Liangjiang in 1881 and appointed to the Grand Council in 1884, before being made an Imperial Commissioner again to oversee naval affairs. He died in 1885 in Fuzhou, Fujian Province, and was given the posthumous name Wenxiang.

While Zuo is best known outside China for his military exploits, he also made contributions to Chinese agricultural science and education. In particular, he promoted cotton cultivation to northwestern China as a replacement for cash crop opium and established a large-scale modern press in Shaanxi and Gansu provinces which published Confucian classics and newer works on agricultural science.

The dish General Tso's chicken in American Chinese cuisine was named in honour of Zuo.

Read more...: Names   Biography   Early life   Taiping Rebellion   Success and appointments   Later life and death   Legacy   Family   General Tsos chicken  

The text above has been excerpted automatically from Wikipedia - please correct any errors in the original article.
左宗棠(1812年11月10日 - 1885年),字季高,號湘上農人,署名今亮,謚文襄,湖南湘陰人,清朝大臣,著名湘軍將領。一生親歷了討伐太平天國、洋務運動、陝甘回變、新疆之役等重要中國歷史事件。然在中法戰爭馬尾海戰後,以欽差大臣之名重整湘軍督辦福建、臺灣海疆防務期間,壯志未酬病逝於福州,享壽72歲。

宗棠少時屢試不第,功名止於舉人,在醴陵淥江書院主講二年,轉而遍讀群書,留意水利、農業,鑽研輿地、兵法。官至東閣大學士、軍機大臣,封二等恪靖侯。與曾國藩李鴻章張之洞,並稱「晚清四大名臣」。

Read more...: 生平   重大事件   讀書治學   平定陝甘回亂   收複新疆始末   新疆正式建省   中法戰爭   歷史評價   軼事   自比孔明、自諡忠介   敬老   左老三文章   王八蛋滾出去   罵曾國藩   排左除胡   破格進士、破天荒相公   左公柳   左宗棠弈棋   孝廉最好   親兵皆總兵   左宗棠雞   紀念地   家族   腳註  

The text above has been excerpted automatically from Wikipedia - please correct any errors in the original article.

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兵法入門creator
左文襄奏疏初編creator
盾鼻餘沈creator
左孝勛father
左孝同father
左孝威father
左孝寬father

TextCount
清史稿350
鴉片事略7
曾文正公年譜1
清史紀事本末8
晚晴簃詩匯2
清稗類鈔8
皇清書史1
URI: https://data.ctext.org/entity/921590 [RDF]

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