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-> 文天祥

文天祥[View] [Edit] [History]
ctext:961478

RelationTargetTextual basis
typeperson
name文天祥
name-style宋瑞宋史·列傳第一百七十七》:文天祥,字宋瑞,又字履善,吉之吉水人也。
died-date至元十九年十二月
1283/1/1 - 1283/1/29
宋史紀事本末·卷一百九文謝之死》:元至元十九年十二月,殺宋丞相文天祥。
authority-cbdb19123
authority-sinica18113
authority-wikidataQ45391181
authority-wikidataQ575900
link-wikipedia_zh文天祥
link-wikipedia_enWen_Tianxiang
held-officeoffice:崇政殿說書
    from-date 咸淳六年四月戊寅
1270/4/30
宋史·本紀第四十六 {{度宗}}》:夏四月戊寅,以文天祥兼崇政殿說書。
held-officeoffice:知臨安府
    from-date 德祐二年正月庚午
1276/1/21
宋史·本紀第四十七 {{瀛國公二王附}}》:以謝堂為兩浙鎮撫大使,文天祥知臨安府,全永堅浙東撫諭使。
held-officeoffice:右丞相
    from-date 德祐二年正月乙酉
1276/2/5
宋史·本紀第四十七 {{瀛國公二王附}}》:乙酉,以文天祥為右丞相兼樞密使、都督。
associated-dynastydynasty:宋四庫全書總目提要·卷164 集部·別集類十七》:宋文天祥撰。
Wen Tianxiang (lang=zh-hans文天祥 Wén Tiānxiáng|hak=dcds|s=|t=; June 6, 1236 – January 9, 1283 AD), Duke of Xinguo, was a Chinese poet and politician in the last years of the Southern Song Dynasty. For his resistance to Kublai Khan's invasion of the Song Dynasty, and for his refusal to yield to the Yuan Dynasty despite being captured and tortured, he is a popular symbol of patriotism and righteousness in China. He is known as one of the 'Three Loyal Princes of the Song' (大宋三忠王), alongside Lu Xiufu and Zhang Shijie. Wen Tianxiang is depicted in the Wu Shuang Pu (無雙譜, Table of Peerless Heroes) by Jin Guliang.

His continuing symbolic importance was evident in an event that took place in Wen Tianxiang's historical shrine in Haifeng (Haifeng County) in 1908, where Chen Jiongming persuaded over thirty young men from the village to swear secret support for a national revolution.

Read more...: Biography   Ancestry and descendants   Monuments   Jiangxi   Beijing   Guangdong   Taiwan   Hong Kong  

The text above has been excerpted automatically from Wikipedia - please correct any errors in the original article.
文天祥(1236年6月6日 - 1283年),初名雲孫,字天祥,號浮休道人。選中貢士後,換以天祥為名,改字履善。寶祐四年(1256年)在殿試中被宋理宗欽點為狀元,御賜表字宋瑞,後因住過文山,而號文山,漢族江右民系,吉州廬陵富川(今江西吉安縣)人,南宋末期政治家、詩人、抗人物和民族英雄。寶祐四年(公元1256年)狀元及第,官至右丞相,宋朝最後被封為信國公,故稱文信公文信國,官拜少保,故稱文少保

宋亡後,于五坡嶺兵敗被俘,寧死不降,被元軍俘至大都(今北京),忽必烈親往勸降,文天祥寧死不屈,至元十九年(公元1282年)十二月初九,在柴市從容就義。與陸秀夫張世傑等人並稱「宋末三傑」。又與謝枋得袁繼咸等人並稱「江右三山」。明景泰七年,諡忠烈。著有《文山詩集》、《指南錄》、《指南後錄》、《正氣歌》等。

Read more...: 生平   文學成就   軼事   評價   紀念   廟宇   家族   相關參見   動漫  

The text above has been excerpted automatically from Wikipedia - please correct any errors in the original article.

SourceRelation
文山先生全集creator
文山先生文集creator
文山集creator

TextCount
名疑2
浙江通志2
詞綜1
百川書志2
新元史7
欽定續文獻通考1
御定佩文齋書畫譜3
續資治通鑑13
廣東通志2
萬姓統譜2
宋元學案2
大清一統志2
昭忠錄65
宋元詩會2
鐵琴銅劍樓藏書目錄1
江南通志2
宋史紀事本末24
四庫全書總目提要11
書史會要2
史傳三編2
宋詩紀事3
御批歷代通鑑輯覽2
館閣續錄3
昭忠錄64
元史6
江西通志6
宋史115
四庫全書簡明目錄1
氏族大全2
南宋館閣錄2
URI: https://data.ctext.org/entity/961478 [RDF]

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