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Chinese Text Project

U+4E3B

Seal script

Semantic variant

Semantic variant

Radical:+ 4 strokes = 5 strokes total.
References:Guangyun: p.263#19 Kangxi: p.80#20 Cihai: p.45r2c01 GSR: 129.a Hanyu: v1,p0044#03
Composition:Top: , bottom: . Compositionally related: . Component of: 𠩈 𠣕 𬣣 𪜋 𪫬 𠰍 𡊲 𦙴 [More]
Mandarin:zhǔ ㄓㄨˇ
Cantonese:zyu2
Tang reconstruction:*jiǒ jiǒ
Shuowen:丶部》主:鐙中火主也。从纹,象形。从丶,丶亦聲。
Guangyun:廣韻·上聲··》主:掌也,領也,典也,守也,君也。《說文》曰:鐙中火主又姓出姓苑。之𢈔切,五。
Kangxi:康熙字典·丶部·》主:〔古文〕丶宔《唐韻》之庾切《集韻》《韻會》《正韻》腫庾切,𠀤音麈。君也。《董仲舒·賢良策》行高而恩厚,知明而意美。愛民而好士,可謂誼主矣。《呂氏春秋》朝臣多賢,左右多忠,如此者,國日安,主日尊,天下日服,此所謂吉主也。又大夫之臣,稱其大夫曰主。《左傳·昭二十八年》成鱄對魏舒曰:主之舉也,近文德矣。又天子女曰公主。周制,天子嫁女,諸侯不自主婚,使諸侯同姓者主之,故謂之公主。又賔之對也。《禮·檀弓》賔爲賔焉,主爲主焉。又《左傳·僖三十年》燭之武見秦伯曰:若舍鄭以爲東道主。《註》鄭在秦之東也。又宰也,守也,宗也。《易·繫辭》樞機之發,榮辱之主也。又神主,宗廟立以棲神,用栗木爲之。《春秋傳》虞主用桑,練主用栗。又匰主。《周禮·春官》司巫,掌羣巫之政令,祭祀則供匰主。《註》主神所依也。匰,盛主之器。又《禮·曲禮》居不主奧。《疏》主,猶坐也。又《晉語》陽子剛而主能。《註》上也。又姓。隋主胄,明主問禮。又主父,複姓。又《正韻》陟慮切。同注。《荀子·宥坐篇》主量必平似法。《註》主,同註。
考證:〔《左傳·昭二十八年》成鮒對魏舒曰,主之舉也,近文德矣。〕謹照原文成鮒改成鱄。
Fanqie:之𢈔 (《廣韻·上聲··》)
Unihan definition:master, chief owner; host; lord

CTP Dictionary

[Show proper names]

Example usage

論語·學而》:忠信,無友不如己者,過則勿憚改。
Hold faithfulness and sincerity as first principles. Have no friends not equal to yourself. When you have faults, do not fear to abandon them.
孟子·萬章下》:舜尚見帝,帝館甥于貳室,亦饗舜,迭為賓,是天子而友匹夫也。
Shun went up to court and saw the sovereign, who lodged him as his son-in-law in the second palace. The sovereign also enjoyed there Shun's hospitality. Alternately he was host and guest. Here was the sovereign maintaining friendship with a private man.
禮記·投壺》:投壺之禮,人奉矢,司射奉中,使人執壺。
According to the rules for Pitch-pot, the host carries the arrows in both his hands put together; the superintendent of the archery carries in the same way the stand on which the tallies were placed; and an attendant holds in his hand the pot.
揚子法言》:百拜而酒三行,不已華乎?
The guest and host's hundred bows and three toasts of wine, are these not too extravagant?
莊子·應帝王》:無為名尸,無為謀府,無為事任,無為知
Non-action (makes its exemplifier) the lord of all fame; non-action (serves him as) the treasury of all plans; non-action (fits him for) the burden of all offices; non-action (makes him) the lord of all wisdom.
道德經》:奈何萬乘之,而以身輕天下?
How should the lord of a myriad chariots carry himself lightly before the kingdom?
商君書·更法》:錯法務明長,臣之行也。
To shape the laws and to see to it that an intelligent ruler reigns, are the tasks of a minister.
孫子兵法·始計》:法者,曲制,官道,用也。
By method and discipline are to be understood the marshaling of the army in its proper subdivisions, the graduations of rank among the officers, the maintenance of roads by which supplies may reach the army, and the control of military expenditure.
荀子·大略》:道知人,臣道知事。
說苑·君道》:言行君子之樞機,樞機之發,榮辱之,君子之所以動天地,可不慎乎?
春秋繁露·玉杯》:礦人大節則知暗,大博則業厭。
韓詩外傳·卷一》:晉為盟而不救,天罰懼及矣。
大戴禮記·主言》:言其不出而死乎!
白虎通德論·》:即位踐阼為,南面朝臣下稱王,以發號令也。
新書·脩政語下》:政曰:治國之道,上忠於,而中敬其士,而下愛其民。
新序·善謀下》:呂氏真而矣。
中論·譴交》:布衣以欺人,惑宰相,竊選舉,盜榮寵者,不可勝數也。
孔子家語·大昏解》:孔子愀然作色而對曰:「合二姓之好,以繼先聖之後,以為天下宗廟社稷之,君何謂已重乎?」
潛夫論·遏利》:是故雖有四海之弗能與之方名,列國之君不能與之鈞重。
論衡·命義》:死生者,無象在天,以性為
太玄經·》:次五,日正于天,利以其辰作
風俗通義·五伯》:於是昆吾氏乃為盟,誅不從命以尊王室。
孔叢子·廣言》:掌、司,也。
申鑒·政體》:法壞則世傾,雖人不得守其度矣。
忠經·武備章》:武德寧靜,非形於征伐也。
新語·慎微》:今上無明王聖,下無貞正諸侯,誅鋤姦臣賊子之黨,解釋疑𦄂紕繆之結,然後忠良方直之人,則得容於世而施於政。
獨斷·卷上》:然則人必慎所幸也。
蔡中郎集·獨斷》:孝武帝幸館陶公家,召見董偃,偃傅青褠綠幘,贊曰:家庖人臣偃昧死再拜謁,上為之起,乃賜衣冠,引上殿。
墨子·經說下》:室堂而問存者,孰存也?
列子·黃帝》:而況萬乘之,身勞於國,而智盡於事。
鶡冠子·博選》:故帝者與師處,王者與友處,亡與徒處。
文子·精誠》:官府若無事,朝廷若無人,無隱士,無逸民,無勞役,無怨刑,天下莫不仰上之象,之旨,絕國殊俗莫不重譯而至,非家至而人見之也,推其誠心,施之天下而已。
文始真經·四符》:水,魄金,金生水,故精者、魄藏之。
列仙傳·酒客》:有過而逐之,人酒常酢敗。
鬻子》:民者、積愚也,雖愚、明撰吏焉,必使民興焉。
老子河上公章句》:其鬼曰魂,魂者雄也,出入於人鼻,與天通,故鼻為玄也。
韓非子·初見秦》:而謀臣不為,引軍而退,復與荊人為和,令荊人得收亡國,聚散民,立社稷,置宗廟,令率天下西面以與秦為難,此固以失霸王之道一矣。
申不害·大體》:故善為者,倚於愚,立於不盈,設於不敢,藏於無事,竄端匿疏,示天下無為。
慎子·知忠》:臣之欲忠者不絕世,而君未得寧其上,無遇比干、子胥之忠,而毀瘁君於闇墨之中,遂染溺滅名而死。
諫逐客書》:秦宗室大臣皆言秦王曰:「諸侯人來事秦者,大抵為其游閒於秦耳,請一切逐客。」
管子·輕重己》:皆齊大材,出祭王母,天子之所以始而忌諱也。

You can examine all occurrences of this character or phrase in Pre-Qin and Han texts or Post-Han texts on the site.


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