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Chinese Text Project
Simplified Chinese version

U+4E3B

Seal script

Semantic variant

Semantic variant

Radical:+ 4 strokes = 5 strokes total.
References:Guangyun: p.263#19 Kangxi: p.80#20 Cihai: p.45r2c01 GSR: 129.a Hanyu: v1,p0044#03
Composition:Top: , bottom: . Compositionally related: . Component of: 𬻻 𭅘 𠩈 𠣕 𬣣 𪜋 𪫬 𠰍 𡊲 𢦴 𥘭 [More]
Mandarin:zhǔ ㄓㄨˇ
Cantonese:zyu2
Tang reconstruction:*jiǒ jiǒ
Shuowen:丶部》主:镫中火主也。从纹,象形。从丶,丶亦声。
Guangyun:广韵·上声··》主:掌也,领也,典也,守也,君也。《说文》曰:镫中火主又姓出姓苑。之𢈔切,五。
Kangxi:康熙字典·丶部·》主:〔古文〕丶宔《唐韵》之庾切《集韵》《韵会》《正韵》肿庾切,𠀤音麈。君也。《董仲舒·贤良策》行高而恩厚,知明而意美。爱民而好士,可谓谊主矣。《吕氏春秋》朝臣多贤,左右多忠,如此者,国日安,主日尊,天下日服,此所谓吉主也。又大夫之臣,称其大夫曰主。《左传·昭二十八年》成鱄对魏舒曰:主之举也,近文德矣。又天子女曰公主。周制,天子嫁女,诸侯不自主婚,使诸侯同姓者主之,故谓之公主。又賔之对也。《礼·檀弓》賔爲賔焉,主爲主焉。又《左传·僖三十年》烛之武见秦伯曰:若舍郑以爲东道主。《注》郑在秦之东也。又宰也,守也,宗也。《易·系辞》枢机之发,荣辱之主也。又神主,宗庙立以栖神,用栗木爲之。《春秋传》虞主用桑,练主用栗。又匰主。《周礼·春官》司巫,掌羣巫之政令,祭祀则供匰主。《注》主神所依也。匰,盛主之器。又《礼·曲礼》居不主奥。《疏》主,犹坐也。又《晋语》阳子刚而主能。《注》上也。又姓。隋主胄,明主问礼。又主父,复姓。又《正韵》陟虑切。同注。《荀子·宥坐篇》主量必平似法。《注》主,同注。
考证:〔《左传·昭二十八年》成鲋对魏舒曰,主之举也,近文德矣。〕谨照原文成鲋改成鱄。
Fanqie:之𢈔 (《广韵·上声··》)
Unihan definition:master, chief owner; host; lord

CTP Dictionary

[Show proper names]

Example usage

论语·学而》:忠信,无友不如己者,过则勿惮改。
Hold faithfulness and sincerity as first principles. Have no friends not equal to yourself. When you have faults, do not fear to abandon them.
孟子·万章下》:舜尚见帝,帝馆甥于贰室,亦飨舜,迭为宾,是天子而友匹夫也。
Shun went up to court and saw the sovereign, who lodged him as his son-in-law in the second palace. The sovereign also enjoyed there Shun's hospitality. Alternately he was host and guest. Here was the sovereign maintaining friendship with a private man.
礼记·投壶》:投壶之礼,人奉矢,司射奉中,使人执壶。
According to the rules for Pitch-pot, the host carries the arrows in both his hands put together; the superintendent of the archery carries in the same way the stand on which the tallies were placed; and an attendant holds in his hand the pot.
扬子法言》:百拜而酒三行,不已华乎?
The guest and host's hundred bows and three toasts of wine, are these not too extravagant?
庄子·应帝王》:无为名尸,无为谋府,无为事任,无为知
Non-action (makes its exemplifier) the lord of all fame; non-action (serves him as) the treasury of all plans; non-action (fits him for) the burden of all offices; non-action (makes him) the lord of all wisdom.
道德经》:奈何万乘之,而以身轻天下?
How should the lord of a myriad chariots carry himself lightly before the kingdom?
商君书·更法》:错法务明长,臣之行也。
To shape the laws and to see to it that an intelligent ruler reigns, are the tasks of a minister.
孙子兵法·始计》:法者,曲制,官道,用也。
By method and discipline are to be understood the marshaling of the army in its proper subdivisions, the graduations of rank among the officers, the maintenance of roads by which supplies may reach the army, and the control of military expenditure.
荀子·大略》:道知人,臣道知事。
说苑·君道》:言行君子之枢机,枢机之发,荣辱之,君子之所以动天地,可不慎乎?
春秋繁露·玉杯》:矿人大节则知暗,大博则业厌。
韩诗外传·卷一》:晋为盟而不救,天罚惧及矣。
大戴礼记·主言》:言其不出而死乎!
白虎通德论·》:即位践阼为,南面朝臣下称王,以发号令也。
新书·修政语下》:政曰:治国之道,上忠于,而中敬其士,而下爱其民。
新序·善谋下》:吕氏真而矣。
中论·谴交》:布衣以欺人,惑宰相,窃选举,盗荣宠者,不可胜数也。
孔子家语·大昏解》:孔子愀然作色而对曰:“合二姓之好,以继先圣之后,以为天下宗庙社稷之,君何谓已重乎?”
潜夫论·遏利》:是故虽有四海之弗能与之方名,列国之君不能与之钧重。
论衡·命义》:死生者,无象在天,以性为
太玄经·》:次五,日正于天,利以其辰作
风俗通义·五伯》:于是昆吾氏乃为盟,诛不从命以尊王室。
孔丛子·广言》:掌、司,也。
申鉴·政体》:法坏则世倾,虽人不得守其度矣。
忠经·武备章》:武德宁静,非形于征伐也。
新语·慎微》:今上无明王圣,下无贞正诸侯,诛锄奸臣贼子之党,解释疑𦄂纰缪之结,然后忠良方直之人,则得容于世而施于政。
独断·卷上》:然则人必慎所幸也。
蔡中郎集·独断》:孝武帝幸馆陶公家,召见董偃,偃傅青褠绿帻,赞曰:家庖人臣偃昧死再拜谒,上为之起,乃赐衣冠,引上殿。
墨子·经说下》:室堂而问存者,孰存也?
列子·黄帝》:而况万乘之,身劳于国,而智尽于事。
鶡冠子·博选》:故帝者与师处,王者与友处,亡与徒处。
文子·精诚》:官府若无事,朝廷若无人,无隐士,无逸民,无劳役,无怨刑,天下莫不仰上之象,之旨,绝国殊俗莫不重译而至,非家至而人见之也,推其诚心,施之天下而已。
文始真经·四符》:水,魄金,金生水,故精者、魄藏之。
列仙传·酒客》:有过而逐之,人酒常酢败。
鬻子》:民者、积愚也,虽愚、明撰吏焉,必使民兴焉。
老子河上公章句》:其鬼曰魂,魂者雄也,出入于人鼻,与天通,故鼻为玄也。
韩非子·初见秦》:而谋臣不为,引军而退,复与荆人为和,令荆人得收亡国,聚散民,立社稷,置宗庙,令率天下西面以与秦为难,此固以失霸王之道一矣。
申不害·大体》:故善为者,倚于愚,立于不盈,设于不敢,藏于无事,窜端匿疏,示天下无为。
慎子·知忠》:臣之欲忠者不绝世,而君未得宁其上,无遇比干、子胥之忠,而毁瘁君于暗墨之中,遂染溺灭名而死。
谏逐客书》:秦宗室大臣皆言秦王曰:“诸侯人来事秦者,大抵为其游闲于秦耳,请一切逐客。”
管子·轻重己》:皆齐大材,出祭王母,天子之所以始而忌讳也。

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