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Chinese Text Project
Simplified Chinese version

U+4E45

Seal script

Jianbo

Alternate form

Radical:丿+ 2 strokes = 3 strokes total.
References:Guangyun: p.322#17 Kangxi: p.81#19 Cihai: p.47r1c02 GSR: 993.a Hanyu: v1,p0033#03
Composition:Component of: 𬽧 𠖮 𠥾 𬜢 𭖃 𠮻 𡉌 𡚮 𡚰 𫼖 𬀨 𠇧 [More]
Mandarin:jiǔ ㄐㄧㄡˇ
Cantonese:gau2
Tang reconstruction:*gioǔ gioǔ
Shuowen:久部》久:以后灸之,象人两胫后有距也。《周礼》曰:“久诸墙以观其桡。”凡久之属皆从久。
Guangyun:广韵·上声··》久:长久也。举有切,七。
Kangxi:康熙字典·丿部·》久:《唐韵》《正韵》举有切《集韵》《韵会》已有切,𠀤音九。暂之反也。《易·系辞》恒久也。《中庸》不息则久。《注》久,常于中也。《老子·道德经》天乃道,道乃久。又待也。《左传·昭二十四年》士伯曰:寡君以爲盟主之故,是以久子。又《说文》久,从后灸之,象人两胫,后有距也。引周礼,久诸墙以观其桡。◎按今《考工记·庐人》作灸,诸墙以眡其桡。注灸,犹柱也。释文音救。又《仪礼·士丧礼》夏祝鬻馀饭用二鬲,于西墙不幂用疏布久之。《注》久读爲灸。《疏》灸,塞义,谓直用粗布盖鬲口爲塞也。又《韵补》叶举里切,音几。《·邶风》何其久也,必有以也。久叶以。《小雅》来归自镐,我行永久。叶喜祉。《楚辞·招䰟》层冰峩峩,飞雪千里。归来归来,不可以久。
Fanqie:举有 (《广韵·上声··》)
Unihan definition:long time (ago); time passage, grow late

Example usage

论语·八佾》:天下之无道也矣,天将以夫子为木铎。
The kingdom has long been without the principles of truth and right; Heaven is going to use your master as a bell with its wooden tongue.
孟子·尽心上》:假而不归,恶知其非有也。
Having borrowed them long and not returned them, how could it be known they did not own them?
礼记·三年问》:创钜者其日,痛甚者其愈迟,三年者,称情而立文,所以为至痛极也。
The greater a wound is, the longer it remains; and the more pain it gives, the more slowly is it healed. The mourning of three years, being appointed with its various forms in harmony with the feelings (produced by the occasion of it), was intended to mark the greatest degree of grief.
扬子法言》:或曰:“人羡生,将以学也,可谓好学已乎?”
Someone said: Some people take up study because they covet a long life. Can this be called loving to learn?
墨子·经上》:,弥异时也。
Jiu (duration) is pervasion of different times.
庄子·逍遥游》:而彭祖乃今以特闻,众人匹之,不亦悲乎!
And Peng Zu is the one man renowned to the present day for his length of life: if all men were (to wish) to match him, would they not be miserable?
道德经》:天长地
Heaven is long-enduring and earth continues long.
商君书·说民》:而无虱者,必王。
And such a country, free of parasites, may be certain of supremacy.
孙子兵法·作战》:其用战也,胜则钝兵挫锐,攻城则力屈,暴师则国用不足。
When you engage in actual fighting, if victory is long in coming, then men's weapons will grow dull and their ardor will be damped. If you lay siege to a town, you will exhaust your strength. Again, if the campaign is protracted, the resources of the State will not be equal to the strain.
荀子·性恶》:今使涂之人伏术为学,专心一志,思索孰察,加日县,积善而不息,则通于神明,参于天地矣。
说苑·修文》:何其也?
春秋繁露·玉杯》:取时无丧,出其法也矣。
韩诗外传·卷一》:何其也?
大戴礼记·礼察》:然则如汤武能广大其德,长其后,行五百岁而不失。
白虎通德论·社稷》:土地故两报之。
新书·修政语下》:故夫天下者,唯有道者理之,唯有道者纪之,唯有道者使之,唯有道者宜处而之。
新序·善谋下》:夫敖仓,天下转输矣,臣闻其下乃有藏粟甚多。
中论·治学》:如寤寐焉,而愈足。
孔子家语·始诛》:今世俗之陵遟矣,虽有刑法,民能勿逾乎?
潜夫论·务本》:今或家赈而贷之,遗赈贫穷,恤矜疾苦,则必不居富矣
论衡·幸偶》:鲁城门朽欲顿,孔子过之,趋而疾行。
太玄经·》:阴以武取,阳以文与,道可长
风俗通义·六国》:吾所以者,适有学也。
孔丛子·广诂》:固、历、弥、宿、旧、尚,也。
申鉴·时事》:今国家忘战日,每寇难之作,民瘁几尽。
忠经·圣君章》:惠泽长,黎民咸怀。
素书·遵义章》:贵而忘贱者不
新语·术事》:道近不必出于远,取其至要而有成。
独断·卷上》:又三老,老谓也、旧也、寿也,皆取首妻男女完具者,古者天子亲袒割牲,执酱而馈,三公设几,九卿正履,使者安车輭轮送迎而至其家,天子独拜于屏,其明旦三老诣阙谢,以其礼过厚故也。
蔡中郎集·独断》:又三老,老谓也、旧也、寿也,皆取首妻男女完具者,古者天子亲袒割牲,执酱而馈,三公设几,九卿正履,使者安车輭轮送迎而至其家,天子独拜于屏,其明旦三老诣阙谢,以其礼过厚故也。
列子·天瑞》:鹞之为鸇,鸇之为布谷,布谷复为鹞也。
鶡冠子·道端》:故先王传道以相效属也,贤君循成法,后世长,惰君不从,当世灭亡。
文子·道原》:原人之性无邪秽,湛于物即易,易而忘其本即合于其若性。
文始真经·一宇》:十年、百年死者,如历得道。
列仙传·宁封子》:有人过之,为其掌火,能出五色烟,则以教封子。
鬻子》:君王欲缘五帝之道而不失,则可以长
老子河上公章句》:天长地说天地长生寿,以喻教人也。
韩非子·存韩》:夫韩、小国也,而以应天下四击,主辱臣苦,上下相与同忧矣。
慎子·逸文》:处无过之地,则世俗听矣。
管子·轻重甲》:顿戟一噪,而靡币之用,日去千金之积,之且何以待之?
公孙龙子·迹府》:穿曰:“素闻先生高谊,愿为弟子,但不取先生以白马为非马耳!”

You can examine all occurrences of this character or phrase in Pre-Qin and Han texts or Post-Han texts on the site.


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