Follow us on Facebook to receive important updates Follow us on Twitter to receive important updates Follow us on sina.com's microblogging site to receive important updates Follow us on Douban to receive important updates
Chinese Text Project
Simplified Chinese version

U+4E4B

Seal script

Jinwen

Jiaguwen

Jianbo

Semantic variant

Radical:丿+ 3 strokes = 4 strokes total.
References:Guangyun: p.58#42 Kangxi: p.82#04 Cihai: p.47r2c02 GSR: 962.a Hanyu: v1,p0043#01
Composition:Component of: 𬼛 𠯣 𫩝 𡘕 𭾣 𦥧 𧉌 𫡛 𬔱 𭓆 芝 𮗧 𡭿 𪦆 𩖳 [More]
Mandarin:zhī
Cantonese:zi1
Tang reconstruction:*jiə jiə
Shuowen:之部》之:出也。象草过屮,枝茎益大,有所之。一者,地也。凡之之属皆从之。
Guangyun:广韵·上平声··》之:适也,往也,闲也,亦姓出姓苑。止而切,四。
Kangxi:康熙字典·丿部·》之:〔古文〕㞢《唐韵》《正韵》止而切《集韵》《韵会》眞而切,𠀤音枝。《说文》出也,象草过屮枝茎益大有所之。一者,地也。《玉篇》是也,适也,往也。《礼·檀弓》延陵季子曰:若䰟气,则无不之也。又于也。《礼·大学》之其所亲爱而辟焉。《注》之,适也。《朱传》犹于也。又语助辞。《书·金縢》礼亦宜之。《礼·文王世子》秋冬亦如之。《正字通》凡之字,或句中,或语尾,或层出。如毛诗我之怀矣,共武之服,及女曰鸡鸣章知子之来之,六句九之字,常华章左之左之,六句八之字,可以例推。又此也。《·周南》之子于归。《注》之子,是子也。又变也。《易传》辞也者,各指其所之。《孙奕示儿编》之字训变,左传,遇观之否。言观变爲否也。又至也。《·墉风》之死矢靡他。又遗也。《扬子·法言》或问孔子,知其道之不用也。则载而恶乎之。曰:之后世君子。《注》言行道者贵乎及身,乃载以遗后世。又姓。出《姓苑》。又《郝敬读书通》凡言之者,物有所指,事有所属,地有所往,连属之辞也。通作旃。《·唐风》舍旃舍旃。又《魏风》上愼旃哉。𠀤与之同。通作至。往彼曰之,到此曰至,音义互通。又《韵补》叶职流切,音周。《楚辞·九章》吕望屠于朝歌兮,甯戚歌而饭牛。不逢尧舜与桓缪兮,世孰云而知之。叶上牛下求。《周伯琦曰》古人因物制字。如之本芝草,乎本吁气,焉本鸢,后人借爲助语,助语之用旣多,反爲所夺,又制字以别之,乃有芝字吁字鸢字。
考证:〔《礼·文王世子》冬亦如之。〕谨照原文改秋冬亦如之。
Fanqie:止而 (《广韵·上平声··》)
Unihan definition:marks preceding phrase as modifier of following phrase; it, him her, them; go to

CTP Dictionary


zhī (1): 往,到......去。 Towards; go to.
墨子·非儒下》:孔丘齐见景公,景公说,欲封之以尼溪,以告晏子。
Kong Qiu visited the state of Qi and saw Lord Jing. Lord Jing was pleased and was going to assign Ni Xi to him. He told Yanzi about it.
孟子·滕文公上》:滕文公为世子,将楚,过宋而见孟子。
When the prince, afterwards duke Wen of Teng, had to go to Chu, he went by way of Song, and visited Mencius.
庄子·人间世》:匠石齐,至乎曲辕,见栎社树。
A (master) mechanic, called Shi, on his way to Qi, came to Qu-yuan, where he saw an oak-tree, which was used as the altar for the spirits of the land.
礼记·檀弓上》:孔子卫,遇旧馆人之丧,入而哭之哀。
When Confucius went to Wei, he found the mourning rites going on for a man with whom he had formerly lodged. Entering the house, he wailed for him bitterly.
韩非子》:郑人有且置履者,先自度其足而置之其坐,至市而忘操之,已得履,乃曰:“吾忘持度。”
史记·高祖本纪》:高祖东垣,过柏人,赵相贯高等谋弑高祖,高祖心动,因不留。
zhī (2): 指示代词:这。 Demonstrative pronoun: this, these.
墨子·小取》:马之目盼则为马盼。
This horse's eyes are blind means that this horse is blind.
论语·公冶长》:子闻,曰:“再,斯可矣。”
When the Master was informed of it, he said, "Twice may do."
孟子·梁惠王下》:吾闻也:君子不以其所以养人者害人。
I have heard this - that a ruler does not injure his people with that wherewith he nourishes them.
庄子·逍遥游》:二虫又何知!
What should these two small creatures know about the matter?
礼记·檀弓上》:三,孔子泫然流涕曰:“吾闻:古不修墓。”
They told him this thrice without his giving them any answer. He then wept freely, and said, 'I have heard that the ancients did not need to repair their graves.'
诗经·桃夭》:子于归、宜其室家。
This young lady is going to her future home, And will order well her chamber and house.
zhī (3): 第三人称代词:他、她、它。 Third person pronoun: him, her, it.
墨子·经说上》:故:小故,有不必然,无必不然。
'Minor reason': having this, it will not necessarily be so; lacking this, necessarily it will not be so.
论语·学而》:子曰:“学而时习,不亦说乎?”
The Master said, "Is it not pleasant to learn with a constant perseverance and application?"
孟子·梁惠王上》:是何异于刺人而杀,曰:‘非我也,兵也。’
In what does this differ from stabbing a man and killing him, and then saying - "It was not I; it was the weapon?"
庄子·逍遥游》:而宋荣子犹然笑
And yet Rongzi of Song would have smiled and laughed at them.
礼记·檀弓上》:鲁人有朝祥而莫歌者,子路笑
There was a man of Lu, who, after performing in the morning the ceremony which introduced the 25th month of his mourning, began to sing in the evening. Zi-lu laughed at him.
诗经·关雎》:参差荇菜、左右流
Here long, there short, is the duckweed, To the left, to the right, borne about by the current.
zhī (4.1): 助词:相当于“的”。 Auxiliary word: of.
墨子·经说上》:体:若二一,尺端也
For example, one of two, or the starting-point of a measured length.
论语·学而》:孝弟也者,其为仁本与!
Filial piety and fraternal submission! - are they not the root of all benevolent actions?
孟子·梁惠王上》:万乘国弑其君者,必千乘家。
In the kingdom of ten thousand chariots, the murderer of his sovereign shall be the chief of a family of a thousand chariots.
庄子·应帝王》:先生死矣,弗活矣,不以旬数矣!
Your master is a dead man. He will not live; -- not for ten days more!
史记·五帝本纪》:黄帝者,少典子,姓公孙,名曰轩辕。
Huangdi (Yellow emperor) was the son of Shaodian. His surname was Gongsun, and his prename Xuanyuan.
礼记·曲礼上》:凡为人子礼:冬温而夏凊,昏定而晨省,在丑夷不争。
For all sons it is the rule: In winter, to warm (the bed for their parents), and to cool it in summer; in the evening, to adjust everything (for their repose), and to inquire (about their health) in the morning; and, when with their companions, not to quarrel.
zhī (4.2): 助词:用于主语和谓语之间,取消句子的独立性。 Auxiliary word: used between subject and predicate, cancels independence of a clause.
墨子·经说上》:大故,有之必
然,
1
之必不
2然,若见成见也。
It is a part, like having a starting point. 'Major reason': having this, it will necessarily [be so]; lacking [this, necessarily it will not] be so. Like the appearing bringing about the seeing.
论语·学而》:子曰:“不患人不己知,患不知人也。”
The Master said, "I will not be afflicted at men's not knowing me; I will be afflicted that I do not know men."
孟子·梁惠王上》:故王不王,不为也,非不能也。
Therefore your Majesty's not exercising the royal sway, is because you do not do it, not because you are not able to do it.
道德经》:天下皆知美为美,斯恶已
All in the world know the beauty of the beautiful, and in doing this they have (the idea of) what ugliness is.
公孙龙子·迹府》:且白马非马,乃仲尼所取。
列子·汤问》:北山愚公长息曰:“汝心固,固不可彻,曾不若孀妻弱子。”
zhī (4.3): 助词:在句中只起调节音节的作用,无实义。 Auxiliary word: used in a sentence for aesthetic purpose only, no meaning.
孟子·梁惠王上》:填然鼓,兵刃既接,弃甲曳兵而走。
The soldiers move forward to the sound of the drums; and after their weapons have been crossed, on one side they throw away their coats of mail, trail their arms behind them, and run.
韩非子·说难》:凡说之难:非吾知,有以说之之难也

Enjoy this site? Please help.Site design and content copyright 2006-2021. When quoting or citing information from this site, please link to the corresponding page or to https://ctext.org/ens. Please note that the use of automatic download software on this site is strictly prohibited, and that users of such software are automatically banned without warning to save bandwidth. 沪ICP备09015720号-3Comments? Suggestions? Please raise them here.