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Chinese Text Project

U+4E58

Seal script

Jinwen

Jiaguwen

Jianbo

Alternate form
𠅞
Semantic variant
𠓸
Semantic variant
𨍱
Semantic variant

Radical:丿+ 9 strokes = 10 strokes total.
References:Kangxi: p.83#09 Cihai: p.47r5c01 GSR: 895.a Hanyu: v1,p0040#01
Composition:Merging of and . Component of: 𨝄 𭡽 𢟊 𢾽 𦟇 𦶝 𪳕 𬨾 𤳁 𬼒 𬟯 𧪝 𨍱
Mandarin:chéng shèng ㄔㄥˊ ㄕㄥˋ
Cantonese:sing4 sing6
Tang reconstruction:jhiəng jhiə̀ng
Kangxi:康熙字典·丿部·》乘:〔古文〕𠅞𠓸《唐韻》食陵切《集韻》《韻會》神陵切,𠀤音繩。《廣韻》駕也,登也。《易·乾卦》時乘六龍以御天。又因也。《孟子》不如乘勢。《老子·道德經》乗乗兮若無所歸。又治也。《·豳風》亟其乘屋。又勝也。《周語》乘人不義陵也。又計也。《周禮·夏官·槀人》乘其事,試其弓弩,以下上其食而誅賞。又姓。漢煮棗侯乗昌。又《廣韻》《韻會》實證切《集韻》石證切,𠀤音剩。車也。《·小雅》元戎十乘,以先啓行。又物雙曰乘。《左傳·僖三十三年》弦高以乘韋先牛十二犒師。《揚子·方言》雙鴈曰乘。又物四數皆曰乘。《禮·少儀》乘壺酒。《孟子》發乗矢。又乗丘,地名。《爾雅·釋地註》乗丘,形似車乘也。又草名。《爾雅·釋草》望乘車。《註》可爲索,長丈餘。又《韻會》乘者,載也。取載事爲名。《孟子》晋之乗。◎按《韻瑞》引晋乘入平聲,誤。今宗譜曰家乘,義與史乘通。又《傳燈錄》禪有淺深階級,一小乘,一大乘。頓悟自心無漏智,此心卽佛,曰最上乘。《宋沙門契嵩·原敎篇》五乘皆統之於三藏。一人乗,二天乗,三聲聞乗,四緣覺乘,五菩薩乘。後三乘導其徒出世也。前二乗以欲不可輒去,就其情而制之也。皆去聲。又《集韻》諸應切,音證。姓也。《說文》本作椉。
Unihan definition:ride, ascend; avail oneself of; numerary adjunct for vehicles

CTP Dictionary


chéng ㄔㄥˊ (1.1): 駕禦。 Drive.
詩經·大叔于田》:叔于田、乘馬、執轡如組、兩驂如舞。
Shu has gone hunting, Mounted in his chariot and four. The reins are in his grasp like ribbons, While the two outside horses move [with regular steps], as dancers do.
chéng ㄔㄥˊ (1.2): 乘,乘坐。 Ride.
墨子·小取》:白馬,馬也。
Riding a white horse is riding a horse.
論語·雍也》:子曰:「赤之適齊也,肥馬,衣輕裘。」
The Master said, "When Chi was proceeding to Qi, he had fat horses to his carriage, and wore light furs."
道德經》:雖有舟輿,無所之,雖有甲兵,無所陳之。
Though they had boats and carriages, they should have no occasion to ride in them; though they had buff coats and sharp weapons, they should have no occasion to don or use them.
揚子法言》:乘國者,其如航乎?
Ruling a kingdom is like sailing a boat!
禮記·月令》:乃告舟備具於天子焉,天子始舟。
春秋左傳》:齊侯與蔡姬舟于囿,蕩公,公懼,變色,禁之不可,公怒,歸之,未絕之也,蔡人嫁之。
chéng ㄔㄥˊ (1.3): 治理。 Rule, govern.
揚子法言》:國者,其如乘航乎?
Ruling a kingdom is like sailing a boat!
chéng ㄔㄥˊ (1.4): 著,穿。 Wear, put on.
chéng ㄔㄥˊ (2.1): 登,升。 Ascend, go up.
呂氏春秋·貴直》:簡子乃去犀蔽屏櫓而立於矢石之所及,一鼓而士畢之。
chéng ㄔㄥˊ (2.2): 防守。 Defend.
chéng ㄔㄥˊ (3.1): 趁,順應。 Adjust to, take advantage of.
春秋左傳》:秋,周甘歜敗戎于邥垂,其飲酒也。
chéng ㄔㄥˊ (3.2): 憑恃。 Depend on, rely on.
chéng ㄔㄥˊ (4.1): 輾壓,踐踏。 Trample.
墨子·節葬下》:已葬,而牛馬之。
After burial, oxen and horses plodded over it.
chéng ㄔㄥˊ (4.2): 欺淩,淩駕。 Bully and humiliate.
史記》:是後或力政,彊弱,興師不請天子。
戰國策》:曰『我將因強而弱』
新序·善謀》:曰:『吾且因彊而弱矣。』
chéng ㄔㄥˊ (4.3): 戰勝。 Conquer, overcome in battle.
尚書·西伯戡黎》:殷始咎周,周人
chéng ㄔㄥˊ (5): 掩襲,追逐。 Launch an attack on, chase.
呂氏春秋·權勳》:於是以天下兵戰,戰合,擊金而卻之,卒北,天下兵之,觸子因以一乘去,莫知其所,不聞其聲。
chéng ㄔㄥˊ (6): 繼承,秉承。 Inherit, carry on the wishes of.
chéng ㄔㄥˊ (7.1): 計算。 Calculate.
周禮·天官冢宰》:掌治法以考百官府、群都縣鄙之治,其財用之出入。
chéng ㄔㄥˊ (7.2): 乘法(計算方法)。 Multiply (arithmetic).
九章算術·方田》:方田術曰:廣從步數相得積步。
shèng ㄕㄥˋ (8.1): 車,兵車。包括一車四馬。 Chariot, fighting vehicle with four horses.
墨子·非攻中》:今萬之國,虛數於千,不勝而入廣衍數於萬,不勝而辟。
Moreover the states of ten thousand chariots now have empty towns to be counted by the thousand, which can be entered without conquest; and their extensive lands to be counted by the ten thousand (of mu), which can be cultivated without conquest.
論語·學而》:子曰:「道千之國:敬事而信,節用而愛人,使民以時。」
The Master said, "To rule a country of a thousand chariots, there must be reverent attention to business, and sincerity; economy in expenditure, and love for men; and the employment of the people at the proper seasons."
孟子·梁惠王上》:之國弒其君者,必千之家。
In the kingdom of ten thousand chariots, the murderer of his sovereign shall be the chief of a family of a thousand chariots.
莊子·在宥》:故賢者伏處大山嵁巖之下,而萬之君憂慄乎廟堂之上。
The crime to which all was due was the meddling with and disturbing men's minds. The effect was that men of ability and worth lay concealed at the foot of the crags of mount Tai, and princes of ten thousand chariots were anxious and terrified in their ancestral temples.
禮記·大學》:之家,不畜聚斂之臣。
So, the house which possesses a hundred chariots should not keep a minister to look out for imposts that he may lay them on the people.
道德經》:奈何萬之主,而以身輕天下?
How should the lord of a myriad chariots carry himself lightly before the kingdom?
shèng ㄕㄥˋ (8.2): 車兵。 Chariot-riding soldiers.
春秋左傳》:大叔完聚,繕甲兵,具卒,將襲鄭。
shèng ㄕㄥˋ (8.3): 指駕車的馬。 Chariot horse.
韓非子》:造父方耨,得有子父乘車過者,馬驚而不行,其子下車牽馬,父子推車請造父助我推車,造父因收器輟而寄載之,援其子之,乃始檢轡持筴,未之用也而馬轡驚矣。
shèng ㄕㄥˋ (9.1): 量詞:用以計算車、馬、舟等。 Measure word, used for counting vehicles, horses, boats, etc.
春秋左傳》:命子封帥車二百以伐京。
管子·大匡》:五年諸侯附,狄人伐,桓公告諸侯曰:「請救伐,諸侯許諾,大侯車二百,卒二千人,小侯車百乘,卒千人」
shèng ㄕㄥˋ (9.2): 量詞:古代地積單位,四丘為乘。 Measure word. Unit of area equal to four qiu.
禮記·郊特牲》:唯社,丘共粢盛,所以報本反始也。
When there was such a sacrifice, from the towns, small and large, they contributed their vessels of rice, thereby expressing their gratitude to the source (of their prosperity) and going back in their thoughts to the beginning (of all being).
shèng ㄕㄥˋ (10.1): 「四」的代稱。 Four.
孟子·離婁下》:抽矢扣輪,去其金,發矢而後反。
He then took his arrows, knocked off their steel points against the carriage-wheel, discharged four of them, and returned.
詩經·大叔于田》:叔于田、乘馬、執轡如組、兩驂如舞
Shu has gone hunting, Mounted in his chariot and four. The reins are in his grasp like ribbons, While the two outside horses move [with regular steps], as dancers do.
shèng ㄕㄥˋ (10.2): 成雙城對。 Pair up.
shèng ㄕㄥˋ (11): 春秋時晉國書名。 Name of a book of the state of Jin.
孟子·離婁下》:晉之,楚之檮杌,魯之春秋,一也。
The Sheng of Jin, the Tao Wu of Chu, and the Chun Qiu of Lu were books of the same character.

乘丘
shèng qiū ㄕㄥˋ ㄑㄧㄡ : [地名] [Name of a place]
禮記·檀弓上》:魯莊公及宋人戰于乘丘
Duke Zhuang of Lu fought a battle with the men of Song at Sheng-qiu.
史記·宋微子世家》:十年夏,宋伐魯,戰於乘丘,魯生虜宋南宮萬

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