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Chinese Text Project

U+4EA4

Seal script

Jinwen

Jiaguwen

Jianbo

Semantic variant

Radical:+ 4 strokes = 6 strokes total.
References:Guangyun: p.152#9 Kangxi: p.88#06 Cihai: p.76r3c01 GSR: 1166.a Hanyu: v1,p0282#01
Composition:Top: , bottom: . Component of: 𨹍 𫥿 𠙇 𠜅 𭃠 𡋟 𡥡 [More]
Mandarin:jiāo ㄐㄧㄠ
Cantonese:gaau1
Tang reconstruction:*gau gau
Shuowen:交部》交:交脛也。从大,象交形。凡交之屬皆从交。
Guangyun:廣韻·下平聲··》交:戾也,共也,合也,領也。古肴切,二十二。
Kangxi:康熙字典·亠部·》交:〔古文〕䢒《廣韻》古肴切《集韻》《韻會》《正韻》居肴切,𠀤音郊。《小爾雅》俱也。《廣韻》共也,合也。《易·泰卦》上下交,而其志同也。又友也。《易·繫辭》上交不諂,下交不凟。《禮·郊特牲》爲人臣者無外交,不敢貳君也。又交交,鳥飛貌。《·秦風》交交黃鳥。又交加,參錯也。《前漢·劉向傳》章交公車。又州名,南越地,漢置交州。《·堯典》申命羲叔宅南交。《蔡傳》南交,南方交趾地。又衣領也。《揚子·方言》衿謂之交。又同蛟。《前漢·高帝紀》則見交龍於上。《史記》作蛟。又同鵁。《司馬相如·上林賦》交精旋目。卽鵁鶄。
考證:〔《揚子·方言》衿之謂交。〕謹照原文改衿謂之交。
Fanqie:古肴 (《廣韻·下平聲··》)
Unihan definition:mix; intersect; exchange, communicate; deliver

Example usage

論語·學而》:與朋友而不信乎?
Whether, in intercourse with friends, I may have been not sincere.
孟子·盡心上》:孟子曰:「食而弗愛,豕之也。」
Mencius said, 'To feed a scholar and not love him, is to treat him as a pig.'
禮記·問喪》:親始死,雞斯徒跣,扱上衽,手哭。
Immediately after his father's death, (the son put off his cap, and) kept his hair, with the pin in it, in the bag (of silk); went barefoot, with the skirt of his dress tucked up under his girdle; and wailed with his hands across his breast.
揚子法言》:或問:「五聲、十二律也,或雅或鄭,何也?」
Someone asked: All music is based on the five tones and the twelve note scale, yet some music is ceremonial, and some is [like that of] Zheng and Wei. Why?
墨子·經上》:同異得放有無。
Sameness and difference. In interplay, having and lacking become relative.
莊子·齊物論》:其寐也魂,其覺也形開,與接為構,日以心鬭。
When we sleep, the soul communicates with (what is external to us); when we awake, the body is set free. Our intercourse with others then leads to various activity, and daily there is the striving of mind with mind.
道德經》:夫兩不相傷,故德歸焉。
When these two do not injuriously affect each other, their good influences converge in the virtue (of the Dao).
商君書·墾令》:民不貴學則愚,愚則無外,無外則勉農而不偷。
If they do not prize learning, they will be stupid, and being stupid, they will have no interest in outside things; when they have no interest in outside things, the country will exert itself in agriculture and not neglect it.
孫子兵法·謀攻》:故上兵伐謀,其次伐,其次伐兵,其下攻城。
Thus the highest form of generalship is to balk the enemy's plans; the next best is to prevent the junction of the enemy's forces; the next in order is to attack the enemy's army in the field; and the worst policy of all is to besiege walled cities.
史記·五帝本紀》:北至于幽陵,南至于阯,西至于流沙,東至于蟠木。
Northward his rule extended to 'Dark mound,' southward to Annam, westward to the moving sands, and eastward to 'Coiling tree'.
荀子·大略》:誥誓不及五帝,盟詛不及三王,質子不及五伯。
說苑·脩文》:生而相與通,故曰留賓。
春秋繁露》:於前,冬於後,而不同理。
韓詩外傳·卷二》:一旦有非常之變,諸侯爭,人趨車馳,迫然禍至,乃始憂愁,乾喉焦唇,仰天而嘆,庶幾乎望其安也,不亦晚乎!
大戴禮記》:非禮無以節事天地之神明也,非禮無以辨君臣上下長幼之位也,非禮無以別男女父子兄弟之親、昏姻、疏數之也,君子以此之為尊敬然。
白虎通德論·》:接之時,不私其臣子之義,心俱欲尊其君父,故皆令臣子得稱其君為公也。
新書·脩政語上》:是故堯教化及雕題蜀越,撫趾,身涉流沙,地封獨山,西見王母,訓及大夏渠叟,北中幽都,及狗國與人身而鳥面,及焦僥。
新序·善謀》:他日三晉之於秦相若也,今秦善韓、魏而攻王,王之所以事秦者,必不如魏、韓也。
中論·法象》:故君子之人也,歡而不媟,和而不同
孔子家語·問禮》:非禮則無以別男女、父子、兄弟、婚姻、親族、疏數之焉。
潛夫論·務本》:列士者,以孝悌為本,以游為末。
論衡·累害》:人之遊,不能常歡,歡則相親,忿則踈遠,踈遠怨恨,毀傷其行,三累也。
太玄經·》:𝌕
風俗通義》:楊雄好之,天下孝廉、衛卒會,周章質問,以次注續,二十七年,爾乃治正,凡九千字,其所發明,猶未若《爾雅》之閎麗也,張竦以為懸諸日月不刊之書。
孔叢子·廣詁》:爰、換、變、貿、、更,易也。
申鑒·政體》:若乃二端不愆,五德不離,六節不悖,則三才允序,五事備,百工惟釐,庶績咸熙。
新語·道基》:川谷錯,風化未通,九州絕隔,未有舟車之用,以濟深致遠。
獨斷·卷下》:帝謚:違拂不成曰隱,靖民則法曰黃,翼善傳聖曰堯,仁聖盛明曰舜,殘人多壘曰桀,殘義損善曰紂,慈惠愛親曰孝,愛民好與曰惠,聖善同文曰宣,聲聞宣遠曰昭,克定禍亂曰武,聰明睿智曰獻,溫柔聖善曰懿,布德執義曰穆,仁義說民曰元,安仁立政曰神,布綱治紀曰平,亂而不損曰靈,保民耆艾曰明,辟土有德曰襄,貞心大度曰匡,大慮慈民曰定,知過能改曰恭,不生其國曰聲,一德不懈曰簡,夙興夜寐曰敬,清白自守曰貞,柔德好眾曰靖,安樂治民曰康,小心畏忌曰僖,中身早折曰悼,慈仁和民曰順,好勇致力曰莊,恭人短折曰哀,在國逢難曰愍,名實過爽曰繆,壅遏不通曰幽,暴虐無親曰厲,致志大圖曰景,辟土兼國曰桓,經緯天地曰文,執義揚善曰懷,短折不成曰殤,去禮遠眾曰煬,怠政外曰攜,治典不敷曰祈。
蔡中郎集·獨斷》:帝謚:違拂不成曰隱,靖民則法曰黃,翼善傳聖曰堯,仁聖盛明曰舜,殘人多壘曰桀,殘義損善曰紂,慈惠愛親曰孝,愛民好與曰惠,聖善同文曰宣,聲聞宣遠曰昭,克定禍亂曰武,聰明睿智曰獻,溫柔聖善曰懿,布德執義曰穆,仁義說民曰元,安仁立政曰神,布綱治紀曰平,亂而不損曰靈,保民耆艾曰明,辟土有德曰襄,貞心大度曰匡,大慮慈民曰定,知過能改曰恭,不生其國曰聲,一德不懈曰簡,夙興夜寐曰敬,清白自守曰貞,柔德好眾曰靖,安樂治民曰康,小心畏忌曰僖,中身早折曰悼,慈仁和民曰順,好勇致力曰莊,恭人短折曰哀,在國逢難曰愍,名實過爽曰繆,壅遏不通曰幽,暴虐無親曰厲,致志大圖曰景,辟土兼國曰桓,經緯天地曰文,執義揚善曰懷,短折不成曰殤,去禮遠眾曰煬,怠政外曰攜,治典不敷曰祈。
列子·周穆王》:此六者,神所也。
鶡冠子·天則》:故其威上際下,其澤四被而不鬲。
文子·道原》:以恬養智,以漠合神,即乎無垠,循天者與道遊也,隨人者與俗也。
文始真經·二柱》:金木者、水火之也,水為精為天,火為神為地,木為魂為人,金為魄為物。
列仙傳·江妃二女》:出遊於江漢之湄,逢鄭甫。
老子河上公章句》:春,陰陽通,萬物感動,登台觀之,意志淫淫然。
韓非子·存韓》:以臣觀之,則齊、趙之未必以荊蘇絕也。
管子·輕重乙》:國有十歲之蓄,而民食不足者,皆以其事業望君之祿也,君有山海之財,而民用不足者,皆以其事業接於上者也。
公孫龍子·跡府》:尹文曰:『今有人於此,事君則忠,事親則孝,友則信,處鄉則順,有此四行,可謂士乎?』
吳子·應變》:五軍至,必有其力。
六韜·上賢》:四曰:士有抗志高節以為氣勢,外諸侯、不重其主者,傷王之威。
司馬法·天子之義》:周將刃而誓之,以致民志也。

You can examine all occurrences of this character or phrase in Pre-Qin and Han texts or Post-Han texts on the site.


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