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Chinese Text Project

U+4EFB

Seal script

Jinwen

Jiaguwen

Alternate form
Semantic variant

Radical:+ 4 strokes = 6 strokes total.
References:Guangyun: p.218#15 p.440#38 Kangxi: p.94#24 Cihai: p.88r6c05 GSR: 667.f Hanyu: v1,p0122#06
Composition:Left: , right: . Component of: 𬣯 𠲉 𡜟 𠲏 𢂧 𫶭 𤞘 𫟃 𠄶 𤇲 𦚮 𥙛 [More]
Mandarin:rèn rén ㄖㄣˋ ㄖㄣˊ
Cantonese:jam4 jam6
Tang reconstruction:*njim njim
Shuowen:人部》任:符也。从人壬聲。
Guangyun:廣韻·下平聲··》任:堪也,保也,當也,又姓出樂安黃帝二十五子十二人各以德爲姓第一爲任氏。如林切,七。
廣韻·去聲··》任:巳上四字並。又音壬。
Kangxi:康熙字典·人部·》任:《唐韻》《集韻》《韻會》如林切《正韻》如深切,𠀤音壬。誠篤也。《·邶風》仲氏任只。《鄭箋》以恩相信曰任。又《周禮·地官》大司徒之職,以鄕三物,敎萬民而賔興之。二曰六行,孝友睦婣任恤。《註》任,信於友道。又《廣韻》堪也。《王粲·登樓賦》情眷眷而懷歸兮,孰憂思之可任。《註》言誰堪此憂思也。又當也。《左傳·僖十五年》衆怒難任。又負也,擔也。《·小雅》我任我輦。《禮·王制》輕任幷,重任分。《註》幷已獨任之,分析而二之。又姓。大任,文王之母。又薛國之姓。《左傳·隱十一年》不敢與諸任齒。《正義》謝章薛舒呂祝終泉畢過此,十國皆任姓也。又《集韻》《韻會》《正韻》𠀤如鴆切,壬去聲。克也,用也。又所負也。《論語》仁以爲已任。又事也。《周禮·夏官》施貢分職,以任邦國。《註》事以其力之所堪。又與妊姙同。《史記·鄒陽傳註》紂刳任者,觀其胎產。又《方書》督脈屬陽,循𤔔而上,至鼻。任衇屬隂,循膈而上,至咽。女子二十,任衇通,則有子。又《·舜典》而難任人。《註》言拒絕佞人。本作壬,與巧言孔壬之壬同。譌作任。
考證:〔《王粲登樓賦》情眷眷而懷歸兮,孰憂思而可任。〕謹照原文而字改之字。
Fanqie:如林 (《廣韻·下平聲··》) 汝鴆 (《廣韻·去聲··》)
Unihan definition:trust to, rely on, appoint; to bear, duty, office; allow

Example usage

論語·泰伯》:曾子曰:「士不可以不弘毅,重而道遠。」
The philosopher Zeng said, "The officer may not be without breadth of mind and vigorous endurance. His burden is heavy and his course is long."
孟子·告子下》:故天將降大於是人也,必先苦其心志,勞其筋骨,餓其體膚,空乏其身,行拂亂其所為,所以動心忍性,曾益其所不能。
Thus, when Heaven is about to confer a great office on any man, it first exercises his mind with suffering, and his sinews and bones with toil. It exposes his body to hunger, and subjects him to extreme poverty. It confounds his undertakings. By all these methods it stimulates his mind, hardens his nature, and supplies his incompetencies.
禮記·曲禮下》:朝諸侯,分職授政功,曰予一人。
As receiving at court the feudal princes, assigning (to all) their different offices, giving out (the laws and ordinances of) the government, and employing the services of the able, he styles himself, 'I, the one man.'
揚子法言》:秦悼武、烏獲、鄙扛鼎抃牛,非絕力邪?
Yangzi said: To lift cauldrons on one's shoulders or wrestle oxen like King Dao Wu of Qin, Wu Huo or Ren Bi—are these not examples of incomparable strength?
論衡·率性》:孔門弟子七十之徒,皆卿相之用,被服聖教,文才雕琢,知能十倍,教訓之功而漸漬之力也。
The seventy disciples of the school of Confucius were each of them able to creditably fill the post of a minister of state. Conforming to the holy doctrines, they became accomplished scholars, and their knowledge and skill grew tenfold. This was the result of teaching; thus latent faculties were gradually developed.
墨子·經上》:,士損己而益所為也。
Ren (bearing the weight of a responsibility) is an officer working to his own loss but to the advantage of those on whose behalf he acts.
莊子·人間世》:是兩也,為人臣者不足以之,子其有以語我來!
The evil is twofold; as a minister, I am not able to bear the burden (of the mission). Can you, Sir, tell me something (to help me in the case)?
商君書·墾令》:無以外權爵與官,則民不貴學問,又不賤農。
If dignities are not conferred nor office given according to deviating standards, then the people will not prize learning nor, besides, will they hold agriculture cheap.
孫子兵法·謀攻》:不知三軍之權,而同三軍之,則軍士疑矣。
(3) By employing the officers of his army without discrimination, through ignorance of the military principle of adaptation to circumstances. This shakes the confidence of the soldiers.
荀子·大略》:多積財而羞無有,重民而誅不能,此邪行之所以起,刑罰之所以多也。
說苑·君道》:對曰:「人君之道清淨無為,務在博愛,趨在賢。」
春秋繁露·玉杯》:是故善為師者,既美其道,有慎其行,齊時蚤晚,多少,適疾徐,造而勿趨,稽而勿苦,省其所為,而成其所湛,故力不勞而身大成。
韓詩外傳·卷一》:重道遠者,不擇地而息。
大戴禮記·保傅》:天子不論先聖王之德,不知國君畜民之道,不見禮義之正,不察應事之禮,不博古之典傳,不閑於威儀之數,詩書禮樂無經,學業不法,凡是其屬,太師之也。
白虎通德論·》:男者,也。
新書·大政下》:聖王選舉也,以為表也,問之然後知其言,謀焉然後知其極,之以事,然後知其信。
新序·善謀下》:項王喑噁叱吒,千人皆廢,然不能屬賢將,此匹夫之勇耳。
中論·治學》:學者、心之白日也,故先王立教官,掌教國子,教以六德,曰智、仁、聖、義、中、和,教以六行,曰孝、友、睦、婣、、恤。
孔子家語·相魯》:長幼異食,強弱異,男女別塗。
潛夫論·務本》:物以用為要,以堅牢為資。
太玄經·》:測曰,「酋酋」之「包」、臣則也。
風俗通義·五帝》:謹按:《易》、《尚書大傳》:「天立五帝以為相,四時施生,法度明察,春夏慶賞,秋冬刑罰,帝者德設刑,以則象之。」
孔叢子·廣言》:何,也。
申鑒·政體》:惟先哲王之政,一曰承天,二曰正身,三曰賢,四曰恤民,五曰明制,六曰立業。
忠經·聖君章》:賢陳化,君之要也。
素書·求人之志章》:材使能,所以濟物。
新語·道基》:知伯仗威力,兼三晉而亡。
獨斷·卷上》:王仲曰:「君子無幸而有不幸,小人有幸而無不幸。」
蔡中郎集·獨斷》:東方曰韎,南方曰,西方曰侏離,北方曰禁。
列子·黃帝》:彼將我以事,而效我以功,吾是以驚。
鶡冠子·天則》:捐物勢者,天也,捐物勢,故莫能宰而不天。
文子·道原》:不足者無名,無名者下也。
文始真經·三極》:天下歸功于聖人,聖人功于天下。
列仙傳·琴高》:水解,其樂無窮。
老子河上公章句》:天地不仁,天施地化,不以仁恩,自然也。
韓非子·存韓》:夫進而擊趙不能取,退而攻韓弗能拔,則陷銳之卒,懃於野戰,負之旅,罷於內攻,則合群苦弱以敵而共二萬乘,非所以亡趙之心也。
申不害·佚文》:聖君法而不智,數而不說。
慎子·民雜》:君臣之道,臣事事而君無事,君逸樂而臣勞。
管子·輕重丁》:大冬,甲兵,糧食不給,黃金之賞不足,謹守五穀黃金之謝,物且為之舉。
公孫龍子·堅白論》:其異也,其無以代也。
吳子·料敵》:四曰陳功居列,賢使能。

You can examine all occurrences of this character or phrase in Pre-Qin and Han texts or Post-Han texts on the site.


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