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Chinese Text Project

U+4F5E

Seal script

Alternate form

Radical:+ 5 strokes = 7 strokes total.
References:Guangyun: p.431#46 Kangxi: p.99#11 Cihai: p.100r2c01 GSR: 838.a Hanyu: v1,p0129#10
Composition:Top-left: , bottom-right: . Compositionally related: 𡛉 .
Mandarin:nìng ㄋㄧㄥˋ
Cantonese:ning6
Shuowen:女部》佞:巧讇高材也。从女,信省。
Guangyun:廣韻·去聲··》佞:諂也,一曰才也,俗作侫。
Kangxi:康熙字典·人部·》佞:《唐韻》《集韻》《韻會》《正韻》𠀤乃定切,音甯。才也。故自稱不才曰不佞。《晉語》夷吾不佞。又巧諂捷給也。《論語》焉用佞。《博物志》堯時有指佞草,佞人入朝則屈而指之。又《韻補》叶奴經切,音寧。《夏侯湛·抵疑》猗靡容悅,出入崎傾。逐巧點姸,嘔喁辯佞。《說文》巧讇,高材也。从女信省。《徐鉉曰》女子之信,近於佞也。
Fanqie:乃定 (《廣韻·去聲··》)
Unihan definition:flattery; glib

Example usage

論語·公冶長》:或曰:「雍也,仁而不。」
Some one said, "Yong is truly virtuous, but he is not ready with his tongue."
孟子·盡心下》:,恐其亂義也。
I hate glib-tonguedness, lest it be confounded with righteousness.
揚子法言》:大聖之與大,難也。
But telling the difference between a great sage and a glib talker is difficult.
莊子·在宥》:人之心翦翦者,又奚足以語至道!
Your mind is that of a flatterer with his plausible words - it is not fit that I should tell you the perfect Dao.
商君書·賞刑》:雖曰聖知巧厚樸,則不能以非功罔上利。
Although one may be called a sage or wise or clever or eloquent or liberal or simple, yet one must not if one lacks merit, monopolize the ruler's favours.
史記·五帝本紀》:於是舜乃至於文祖,謀于四嶽,辟四門,明通四方耳目,命十二牧論帝德,行厚德,遠人,則蠻夷率服。
Shun having then proceeded to the temple of the accomplished ancestor, deliberated with the president of the four mountains, threw open the four gates, and was in direct communication with officers in all four quarters of the empire, who were eyes and ears to him. He ordered the twelve governors to talk of the Emperor's virtue, to be kind to the virtuous, and keep the artful at a distance, so that the barbarians of the south might lead on one another to be submissive.
荀子·臣道》:然而巧敏說,善取寵乎上,是態臣者也。
說苑·君道》:既成威德,民親以服,清白上通,巧下塞,諫者得進,忠信乃畜。
春秋繁露·王道》:以希見之意,嘗賜讒。
韓詩外傳·卷四》:孔子曰:「無取健,無取,無取口讒。」
大戴禮記·千乘》:夫政以教百姓,百姓齊以嘉善,故蠱不生,此之謂良民。
白虎通德論·誅伐》:人當誅何?
新書·春秋》:乃歸,齋宿而請於廟曰:「孤實不,不能尊道,吾罪一。」
新序·節士》:譚夫吾聞之曰:「我任而不受,也。」
中論·法象》:好而不詐,學而不虛行。
孔子家語·賢君》:臣諂諛,窺導其心。
潛夫論·務本》:今多姦諛以取媚,撓法以便,苟得之,從而賢之,此滅貞良之行,開亂危之原也。
論衡·幸偶》:幸之徒,閎、藉孺之輩,無德薄才,以色稱媚,不宜愛而受寵,不當親而得附,非道理之宜,故太史公為之作傳
風俗通義·六國》:懷王臣上官、子簡,斥遠忠臣。
孔叢子·廣言》:,才也。
忠經·辨忠章》:君子之言,忠而不
新語·術事》:故形立則德散,用則忠亡。
列子·仲尼》:子輿曰:「公孫龍之為人也,行无師,學无友,給而不中,漫衍而无家,好怪而妄言。」
文子·自然》:老子曰:清虛者,天之明也,無為者,治之常也,去恩惠,舍聖智,外賢能,廢仁義,滅事故,棄辯,禁姦偽,則賢不肖者齊於道矣。
老子河上公章句》:疾時惡忠直,用邪也。
韓非子·有度》:獨制四海之內,聰智不得用其詐,險躁不得關其,姦邪無所依。
管子·版法解》:親也、貴也、貨也、色也、巧也、玩好也。
六韜·上賢》:五曰:讒苟得以求官爵,果敢輕死以貪祿秩,不圖大事,得利而動。
三略·上略》:軍讖曰:臣在上,一軍皆訟。
淮南子·主術訓》:巧小具,諂進愉說,隨鄉曲之俗,卑下眾人之耳目,而乃任之以天下之權,治亂之機。
呂氏春秋·君守》:故至神逍遙倏忽而不見其容,至聖變習移俗而莫知其所從,離世別群而無不同,君民孤寡而不可障壅,此則姦邪之情得而險陂讒慝諂諛巧之人無由入。
鬼谷子·權篇》:言者,諂而干忠。
尹文子·大道下》:語曰:「辯可以熒惑鬼神。」
春秋左傳》:夫狐蠱,必其君也,蠱之貞,風也,其悔,山也,歲云秋矣,我落其實,而取其材,所以克也,實落材亡,不敗何待,三敗及韓,晉侯謂慶鄭曰,寇深矣,若之何,對曰,君實深之,可若何,公曰,不孫,卜右,慶鄭吉,弗使,步揚御戎,家僕徒為右,乘小駟,鄭入也,慶鄭曰,古者大事,必乘其產,生其水土,而知其人心,安其教訓,而服習其道,唯所納之,無不如志,今乘異產以從戎事,及懼而變,將與人易,亂氣狡憤,陰血周作,張脈僨興,外彊中乾,進退不可,周旋不能,君必悔之,弗聽,九月,晉侯逆秦師,使韓簡視師,復曰,師少於我,鬥士倍我,公曰,何故,對曰,出因其資,入用其寵,饑食其粟,三施而無報,是以來也,今又擊之,我怠秦奮,倍猶未也,公曰,一夫不可狃,況國乎,遂使請戰,曰,寡人不,不能合其眾,而不能離也,君若不還,無所逃命,秦伯使公孫枝對曰,君之未入,寡人懼之,入而未定列,猶吾憂也,苟列定矣,敢不承命,韓簡退曰,吾幸而得囚,壬戌,戰于韓原,晉戎馬還濘而止,公號慶鄭,慶鄭曰,愎諫違卜,固敗是求,又何逃焉,遂去之,梁由靡御韓簡,虢射為右,輅秦伯,將止之,鄭以救公誤之,遂失秦伯,秦獲晉侯以歸,晉大夫反首拔舍,從之,秦伯使辭焉,曰,二三子何其慼也,寡人之從君而西也,亦晉之妖夢是踐,豈敢以至,晉大夫三拜稽首曰,君履后土而戴皇天,皇天后土,實聞君之言,群臣敢在下風,穆姬聞晉侯將至,以大子罃,弘,與女簡璧,登臺而履薪焉,使以免服衰絰逆,且告曰,上天降災,使我兩君匪以玉帛相見,而以興戎,若晉君朝以入,則婢子夕以死,夕以入,則朝以死,唯君裁之,乃舍諸靈臺,大夫請以入,公曰,獲晉侯,以厚歸也,既而喪歸焉用之,大夫其何有焉,且晉人慼憂以重我,天地以要我,不圖晉憂,重其怒也,我食吾言,背天地也,重怒難任,背天不祥,必歸晉君,公子縶曰,不如殺之,無聚慝焉,子桑曰,歸之而質其大子,必得大成,晉未可滅,而殺其君,祇以成惡,且史佚有言曰,無始禍,無怙亂,無重怒,重怒難任,陵人不祥,乃許晉平,晉侯使郤乞告瑕呂飴甥,且召之,子金教之言曰,朝國人而以君命賞,且告之曰,孤雖歸,辱社稷矣,其卜貳圉也,眾皆哭,晉於是乎作爰田,呂甥曰,君亡之不恤,而群臣是憂,惠之至也,將若君何,眾曰,何為而可,對曰,征繕以輔孺子,諸侯聞之,喪君有君,群臣輯睦,甲兵益多,好我者勸,惡我者懼,庶有益乎,眾說,晉於是乎作州兵,初,晉獻公筮嫁伯姬於秦,遇歸妹之睽,史蘇占之,曰,不吉,其繇曰,士刲羊,亦無衁也,女承筐,亦無貺也,西鄰責言,不可償也,歸妹之睽,猶無相也,震之離,亦離之震,為雷為火,為嬴敗姬,車說其輹,火焚其旗,不利行師,敗于宗丘,歸妹睽孤,寇張之弧,姪其從姑,六年其逋,逃歸其國,而棄其家,明年,其死於高梁之虛,及惠公在秦,曰,先君若從史蘇之占,吾不及此夫,韓簡侍曰,龜,象也,筮,數也,物生而後有象,象而後有滋,滋而後有數,先君之敗德,及可數乎,史蘇是占,勿從何益,詩曰,下民之孽,匪降自天,僔沓背憎,職競由人。
逸周書·時訓解》:螳螂不生,是謂陰息,鶪不始鳴,令姦雍偪,反舌有聲,人在側。
國語·晉語六》:既退荊師于鄢,將穀,范文子立于戎馬之前,曰:「君幼弱,諸臣不,吾何福以及此!」
晏子春秋》:景公信用讒,賞無功,罰不辜。
吳越春秋》:我悉徙宅自投死亡之地,盡九術之謀,於彼為,在君為忠,王不察也,乃曰:『知人易,自知難。』
越絕書》:諂之臣,將至不久。
戰國策》:楚王使陳軫之秦,秦王謂軫曰:「子秦人也,寡人與子故也,寡人不,不能親國事也,故子棄寡人事楚王。」
鹽鐵論·論儒》:子瑕,臣也,夫子因之,非正也。

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