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Chinese Text Project

U+4F91

Seal script

Radical:+ 6 strokes = 8 strokes total.
References:Guangyun: p.434#33 Kangxi: p.102#05 Cihai: p.103r4c02 GSR: 995.q Hanyu: v1,p0146#04
Composition:Left: , right: .
Mandarin:yòu ㄧㄡˋ
Cantonese:jau6
Guangyun:廣韻·去聲··》侑:勸食。《爾雅》云:酬酢侑報也。
Kangxi:康熙字典·人部·》侑:《唐韻》于救切《集韻》《韻會》尤救切《正韻》爰救切,𠀤音又。佐也,相也。《周禮·天官》膳夫以樂侑食。又侍食於所尊亦曰侑食。《禮·玉藻》凡侑食,不盡食。又《爾雅·釋詁》醻酢侑,報也。《郭註》此通謂相報答,不主於飮酒。又《文子·守弱篇》三皇五帝有勸戒之器,命曰侑巵。別作酭。又與姷通。耦也。又寬也。《管子·法法篇》文有三侑,武無一赦。
考證:〔《周禮·春官》膳夫以樂侑食。〕謹照原文春官改天官。〔《爾雅·釋訓》醻酢侑,報也。〕謹照原書釋訓改釋詁。
Fanqie:于救 (《廣韻·去聲··》)
Unihan definition:help, assist, repay kindness

Example usage

禮記·禮運》:王,前巫而後史,卜筮瞽皆在左右,王中心無為也,以守至正。
In front of the king there were the sorcerers, and behind him the recorders; the diviners by the tortoise-shell and by the stalks, the blind musicians and their helpers were all on his left and right. He himself was in the centre. His mind had nothing to do, but to maintain what was entirely correct.
詩經·楚茨》:以妥以、以介景福。
We seat the representatives of the dead, and urge them to eat: Thus seeking to increase our bright happiness.
大戴禮記·禮三本》:利爵之不啐也,成事之俎不嘗也,三之不食也,一也。
新序·善謀》:戊午,晉侯朝王,王享醴,命之,予之陽樊,溫原、攢矛之田。
孔子家語·禮運》:故宗祝在廟,三公在朝,三老在學,王前巫而後史,卜筮鼓,皆在左右,王中,心無違也,以守至正。
文子·守弱》:故三皇五帝有戒之器,命曰卮,其沖即正,其盈即覆。
管子·法法》:文有三,武毋一赦。
史記·禮書》:利爵弗啐也,成事俎弗嘗也,三之弗食也。
國語·楚語上》:蔡聲子將如晉,遇之于鄭,饗之以璧,曰:「子尚良食,二先子其皆相子,尚能事晉君以為諸侯主。」
周禮·天官冢宰》:以樂食。
儀禮·聘禮》:若不親食,使大夫各以其爵、朝服致之以幣。
焦氏易林·訟之》:卒登玉堂,與堯食。
爾雅·釋詁》:酬,酢,,報也。
顏氏家訓·風操》:蒼頡篇有字,訓詁云:「痛而謼也,音羽罪反。」
通典》:若不酌,謂君有故,不親饗食燕,則以酬幣幣致之。
四書章句集注》:亞飯以下,以樂食之官。
論語注疏·先進》:謂之相者,於外傳辭耳,入門當以禮詔也。
金瓶梅》:西門慶道:「些須微儀,不過觴而已,何為見外?」
廣韻·》::勸食。
孝經注疏·聖治章》:故尊始祖以配天神,坐而食之。
太平御覽·煬皇帝》:辛酉,遙尊帝為太上皇,立代王為帝,改年義寧。
太平廣記·孫思邈》:儆、俊、、佺,以謁思邈。
郁離子·蟄父不仕》:之齊,齊人館之厚,客喜,主人,以文镻之修,主人吐舌而走,客弗喻,為其薄也。
全唐詩》:以清樂,細齊人情。
康熙字典·》:《註》以樂食之官。
儒林外史》:金東崖贊:「行食之禮。」

You can examine all occurrences of this character or phrase in Pre-Qin and Han texts or Post-Han texts on the site.


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