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Chinese Text Project
Simplified Chinese version

U+4FAF

Seal script

Jinwen

Jiaguwen

Jianbo
𥎦
Semantic variant

Radical:+ 7 strokes = 9 strokes total.
References:Guangyun: p.212#5 Kangxi: p.103#07 Cihai: p.104r3c06 GSR: 113.a Hanyu: v1,p0167#01
Composition:Component of: 𠋫 𢜵 𫗯 帿 𡟑 𡹵 𪹍 𣣠 𤧝 𬥽 𦞈 𫛺 [More]
Mandarin:hóu hòu ㄏㄡˊ ㄏㄡˋ
Cantonese:hau4 hau6
Tang reconstruction:*hou hou
Guangyun:广韵·下平声··》侯:候也,何也,美也,辝也。《尔雅》云:公侯君也,又乃也,又周礼司裘氏王大射则共虎侯熊侯豹侯诸侯则共熊侯豹侯卿大夫则共麋侯皆设其鹄郑司农云方十尺曰侯四尺曰鹄。《说文》本作矦从人从厂象张布之状矢在其下又姓出上谷河南二望亦汉复姓八氏夏侯氏出自夏禹之后杞𥳑公爲楚所灭其弟佗奔鲁鲁悼公以佗出自夏后氏受爵爲侯谓之夏侯国而命氏后有去鲁之沛者分沛立谯遂有谯鲁二望罗国爲楚所灭其后号罗侯氏韩诗外传云周宣王大夫韩侯子有贤德史记魏有屈侯鲋左传曹有竖侯孺汉有尚书郎栢侯隽吴有张昭师白侯子安又虏三字姓二氏周书有侯莫陈氏侯崇传云其先魏之别部也,又周有大将军伏侯龙氏名恩。户钩切,二十四。
Kangxi:康熙字典·人部·》侯:〔古文〕𥎦《广韵》戸钩切《集韵》《韵会》《正韵》胡沟切,𠀤后平声。《尔雅·释诂》公侯,君也。又五等爵之次曰侯。《·禹贡》五百里侯服。《孔氏曰》侯,𠋫也。斥𠋫而服事。又《史记·秦始皇纪》伦侯。《注》爵𤰞于列侯,无封邑者。伦,类也。又侯,射布也。方十尺曰侯,四尺曰鹄。《仪礼·鄕射礼》天子熊侯白质,诸侯麋侯赤质。大夫布侯,画以虎豹,士布侯,画以鹿豕。《注》此所谓兽侯也。又美也。《·郑风》洵直且侯。又发语辞。与惟维同意。《尔雅·释诂》伊维,侯也。《·小雅》侯谁在矣。又《大雅》侯于周服。又《周礼·春官》肆师侯禳。《疏》侯者,𠋫迎善祥。禳者,禳去殃气。又姓。魏侯嬴。又屈侯,夏侯,柏侯,侯冈,俱复姓。又侯莫𨻰,三字姓。又《諡法》执应八方曰侯。又与兮通。亦语辞。《史记·乐书》高祖过沛,诗三侯之章。《索隐曰》沛诗有三兮,故曰三侯诗。卽大风歌。兮侯古韵通。又通作何。《吕览·观表篇》今侯渫过而弗辞。《司马相如·封禅颂》君乎君乎,侯不迈哉。《注》侯,何也。《说文》本作矦。从人从厂。象张布之状,矢在其下。郑司农曰:方十尺曰矦,四尺曰鹄。◎按射侯,古作矦。《汉书》多作矦。从矢取射义,射之有侯,所以𠋫中否,明工拙也。古者以射选贤,射中者获封爵,故因谓之诸侯。又《苏子瞻·新渠诗》渠成如神,民始不知。问谁爲之,邦君赵侯。侯叶支韵。
考证:〔《仪礼·鄕飮酒礼》天子熊侯白质。〕谨照原书鄕飮酒礼改鄕射礼。〔《周礼·春官》肆师侯禳。《注》侯者,𠋫迎祥善。禳者,禳去妖祲。〕谨照原文注改疏。祥善改善祥。妖祲改殃气。
Fanqie:户钩 (《广韵·下平声··》)
Unihan definition:marquis, lord; target in archery

CTP Dictionary

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Example usage

论语·先进》:宗庙会同,非诸而何?
The Master again replied, "Yes; who but princes have to do with ancestral temples, and with audiences but the sovereign?"
孟子·告子下》:无城郭、宫室、宗庙、祭祀之礼,无诸币帛饔飧,无百官有司,故二十取一而足也。
There are no fortified cities, no edifices, no ancestral temples, no ceremonies of sacrifice; there are no princes requiring presents and entertainments; there is no system of officers with their various subordinates. On these accounts a tax of one-twentieth of the produce is sufficient there.
礼记·表记》:》曰:‘不事王,高尚其事。
It is said in the Yi (vol. xvi, p. 96), "He does not serve either king or feudal lord, but in a lofty spirit prefers (to attend to) his own affairs."
孝经·谏诤》:有争臣五人,虽无道,不失其国。
If the prince of a state had five such ministers, though his measures might be equally wrong, he would not lose his state.
扬子法言》:或问:“威震诸,须于征与狙诈之力也,如其亡?”
The other asked: To threaten the feudal lords, you must attack! That is the strength of tactics. How can tactics be discarded?
墨子·亲士》:昔者文公出走而正天下,桓公去国而霸诸,越王句践遇吴王之丑,而尚摄中国之贤君。
Formerly Lord Wen was once in exile and yet later became the leading feudal lord. Lord Huan was once forced to leave his state and yet later became a "tyrant" among the feudal lords. Lord Gou Jian of Yue was once brought under humiliation by the king of Wu, and yet he was later looked upon with awe by the princes of China.
庄子·人间世》:匹夫犹未可动,而况诸乎!
Even an ordinary man cannot be readily moved (to action), and how much less the prince of a state!
道德经》:王若能守之,万物将自宾。
If a feudal prince or the king could guard and hold it, all would spontaneously submit themselves to him.
商君书·算地》:汤武致强而征诸,服其力也。
When Tang and Wu made themselves strong and attacked the feudal lords, the subjugation was by means of force.
孙子兵法·作战》:夫钝兵,挫锐,屈力,殚货,则诸乘其弊而起,虽有智者,不能善其后矣!
Now, when your weapons are dulled, your ardor damped, your strength exhausted and your treasure spent, other chieftains will spring up to take advantage of your extremity. Then no man, however wise, will be able to avert the consequences that must ensue.
荀子·大略》:曰:“诸之骄我者,吾不为臣。”
说苑·修文》:韩褐子曰:“天子祭海内之神,诸祭封域之内,大夫祭其亲,士祭其祖祢。”
春秋繁露·玉杯》:今夫天子逾年即位,诸于封内三年称子,皆不在经也,而操之与在经无以异。
韩诗外传·卷一》:天子不得而臣也,诸不得而友也。
大戴礼记》:躬为匹夫而愿富贵,为诸而无财。
白虎通德论·》:谓公、、伯、子、男
新书·修政语下》:政曰:诸政平于内,而威于外矣。
新序·善谋下》:张子房,于汉已定,性多疾,即导引不食谷,杜门不出。
中论·智行》:且管仲背君事雠,奢而失礼,使桓公有九合诸、一匡天下之功,仲尼称之曰:‘微管仲,吾其被发左衽矣。’
孔子家语·相鲁》:行之一年,而西方之诸则焉。
潜夫论·遏利》:是故天子不能违天富无功,诸不能违帝厚私劝。
论衡·命义》:犹高祖初起,相工入丰、沛之邦,多封之人矣,未必老少男女俱贵而有相也,卓砾时见,往往皆然
太玄经·》:次五,守中以和,要贞。
风俗通义》:《尚书》:“天子巡守,至于岱宗,觐诸,见百年,命大师陈诗,以观民风俗。”
孔丛子·广名》:请天子命曰未可以戚先王,请诸命曰未可以近先君,请大夫命曰未可以从先子。
申鉴·时事》:曰:“古诸建家国,世位权柄存焉,于是置诸之贤者以牧,总其纪纲而已,不统其政,不御其民。”
忠经·武备章》:《诗》云:“赳赳武夫,公干城。”
新语·辅政》:故苏秦尊于诸,商鞅显于西秦。
独断·卷上》:孝元皇后父大司马阳平名禁,当时避之,故曰省中。
蔡中郎集·独断》:三梁,卿大夫、尚书、博士两梁,千石、六百石以下一梁。
列子·黄帝》:魏文闻之,问子夏曰:“彼何人哉?”
鶡冠子·道端》:故临货分财使仁,犯患应难使勇,受言结辞使辩,虑事定计使智,理民处平使谦,宾奏赞见使礼,用民获众使贤,出封越境适绝国使信,制天地御诸使圣。
文子·精诚》:故田者不强,囷仓不满,官御不励,诚心不精,将相不强,功烈不成,王懈怠,泛世无名。
列仙传·马丹》:当文时,为大夫。
鬻子》:卿相者、诸之丞也,故封之土秩出焉。
老子河上公章句》:故曰:一布名于天下,天得一以清,地得一以宁,王得一以为正平,入为心,出为行,布施为德,摠名为一。
韩非子·初见秦》:然而兵甲顿,士民病,蓄积索,田畴荒,囷仓虚,四邻诸不服,霸王之名不成,此无异故,其谋臣皆不尽其忠也。
慎子·德立》:立天子者,不使诸疑焉。
谏逐客书》:秦宗室大臣皆言秦王曰:“诸人来事秦者,大抵为其主游闲于秦耳,请一切逐客。”
管子·轻重己》:以秋日至始,数四十六日,秋尽而冬始,天子服黑絻黑而静处,朝诸卿大夫列士,循于百姓,发号出令曰:“毋行大火,毋斩大山,毋塞大水,毋犯天之隆”,天子之冬禁也。
吴子·图国》:吴起儒服以兵机见魏文

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