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Chinese Text Project

U+5144

Seal script

Jinwen

Jiaguwen

Jianbo

Radical:+ 3 strokes = 5 strokes total.
References:Guangyun: p.186#34 Kangxi: p.123#09 Cihai: p.133r5c02 GSR: 765.a Hanyu: v1,p0266#04
Composition:Top: , bottom: . Compositionally related: 𠁤 . Component of: 𠑽 𡬣 𡶢 𪺎 𠩣 𢼙 𣅷 [More]
Mandarin:xiōng ㄒㄩㄥ
Cantonese:hing1
Tang reconstruction:*xiuæng xiuæng
Shuowen:兄部》兄:長也。从儿从口。凡兄之屬皆从兄。
Guangyun:廣韻·下平聲··》兄:爾雅男子先生曰兄。《說文》長也。許榮切,一。
Kangxi:康熙字典·儿部·》兄:《唐韻》許榮切《集韻》《韻會》《正韻》呼榮切,𠀤虩平聲。《說文》長也。《通論》口儿爲兄。儿者,人在下,以兄敎其下也。《精薀》从人从口,以弟未有知而誨之。《爾雅·釋親》男子先生爲兄。《玉篇》昆也。《·小雅》凡今之人,莫如兄弟。《管子·心衛篇》善氣迎人,親於弟兄。又《集韻》《韻會》許放切《正韻》虛放切,𠀤音貺。《前漢·尹翁歸傳》尹翁歸字子兄。《註》師古曰:兄讀曰況。又《·大雅》不殄心憂,倉兄塡兮。《註》倉兄與愴怳同。《又》職兄斯引。《註》兄怳同。又與況同。《漢樊毅華嶽廟𥓓》君善必書,兄乃盛德。《註》兄與況同。《管子·大匡篇》召忽語管仲曰:雖得天下,吾不生也。吾不生也,兄與我齊國之政也。又《說文》況貺皆以兄得聲。《白虎通》兄,況也。兄況于父。今江南北猶呼兄爲況。又虛王切,音荒。《·魏風》陟彼岡兮,瞻望兄兮。《晉魯褒錢神論》親愛如兄,字曰孔方。《通雅》謂兄爲況,本於荒音。《釋名》兄,荒也。荒,大也。靑徐人稱兄曰荒。又《正字通》方音讀若熏。義同。
Fanqie:許榮 (《廣韻·下平聲··》)
Unihan definition:elder brother

Example usage

論語·為政》:子曰:「《》云:『孝乎惟孝、友于弟,施於有政。』」
The Master said, "What does the Shu Jing say of filial piety? - 'You are filial, you discharge your brotherly duties. These qualities are displayed in government.'"
孟子·盡心上》:孟子曰:「是猶或紾其之臂,子謂之姑徐徐云爾,亦教之孝弟而已矣。」
Mencius said, 'That is just as if there were one twisting the arm of his elder brother, and you were merely to say to him "Gently, gently, if you please." Your only course should be to teach such an one filial piety and fraternal duty.'
禮記·服問》:有從無服而有服,公子之妻為公子之外弟。
'There are cases in which parties wear mourning, while those, in consequence of their connexion with whom they have a relation with the deceased, wear none.' Such is the case of the wife of a ruler's son with the cousins of her husband on the female side.
孝經·感應》:必有先也,言有也。
He must have some to whom he concedes the precedence; that is, he has his cousins, who bear the same surname and are older than himself.
莊子·天地》:若然者,豈堯、舜之教民,溟滓然弟之哉?
Would such an one be willing to lookup to Yao and Shun in their instruction of the people as his elder brothers? He would treat them as his juniors, belonging himself to the period of the original plastic ether.
商君書·賞刑》:是父、昆弟、知識、帳婣、合同者,皆曰:「務之所加,存戰而已矣。」
Thus fathers and seniors, elder and younger brothers, acquaintances, relatives by marriage, husband and wife, one and all say that that, to which they devote special application, is war and that alone.
史記·五帝本紀》:舜順適不失子道,弟孝慈。
They all tried to kill Shun, who was obedient, and never by chance failed in his duty as a son, or his fraternal love.
荀子·大略》:孔子曰:「《》云:『刑于寡妻,至于弟,以御於家邦。』」
說苑·雜言》:去爾惡心而忠與之,敏其行,脩其禮,千里之外親如弟。
春秋繁露·竹林》:夫去位而避弟者,君子之所甚貴。
韓詩外傳·卷一》:疾亂世而輕死,弗顧弟,以法度之,比於不詳,是磏仁者也。
大戴禮記》:非禮無以節事天地之神明也,非禮無以辨君臣上下長幼之位也,非禮無以別男女父子弟之親、昏姻、疏數之交也,君子以此之為尊敬然。
白虎通德論·禮樂》:在閨門之內,父子弟同聽之,則莫不和親。
新書·大政下》:事長之道,不過於事,故不肖者之事也,不可以事長。
新序·善謀下》:且三秦王為秦將,將秦子弟數歲,所殺亡不可勝計,又欺其眾降諸侯至新安,項王詐坑秦降卒二十餘萬人,唯獨邯、欣、翳脫,秦父怨此三人,痛入骨髓。
中論·貴言》:若夫父慈子孝,姑愛婦順,友弟恭,夫敬妻聽,朋友必信,師長必教,有司日月慮知乎州閭矣。
孔子家語·問禮》:非禮則無以別男女、父子、弟、婚姻、親族、疏數之交焉。
潛夫論·論榮》:叔嚮、賢也,而鮒貪暴。
論衡·氣壽》:周公、武王之弟也,弟相差,不過十年。
太玄經·太玄棿》:父子殊面,弟不孿,帝王莫同。
風俗通義·東方朔》:於是朔詣闕自陳:「十二失父,長養嫂。」
孔叢子·雜訓》:子之先君見子產則事之,而世謂子產仁愛,稱夫子聖人。
申鑒·時事》:依古復曰讎之科,使父讎避諸異州千里,弟之讎,避諸異郡五百里,從父從弟之讎,避諸異縣百里。
獨斷·卷上》:天子父事天,母事地,事日,姊事月,常以春分朝日于東門之外,示有所尊,訓人民事君之道也。
蔡中郎集·獨斷》:至殤帝崩,無子弟,安帝以和帝子從清河王子即尊號,依高帝尊父為太上皇之義,追號父清河王曰孝德皇。
墨子·經說上》:若弟一然者一不然者,必「不必」也,是非必也。
列子·力命》:楊布問曰:「有人於此,年弟也,言弟也,才弟也,貌弟也。」
鶡冠子·王鈇》:里中有不敬長慈少,出等異眾,不聽父之教,有所受聞,不悉以告扁長,謂之亂里,其罪有司而貳其家。
文子·道原》:和陰陽,節四時,調五行,潤乎草木,浸乎金石,禽獸碩大,毫毛潤澤,鳥卵不敗,獸胎不殰,父無喪子之憂,無哭弟之哀,童子不孤,婦人不孀,虹蜺不見,盜賊不行,含德之所致也。
文始真經·七釜》:關尹子曰:「人之少也,當佩乎父之教。」
老子河上公章句》:修之於家,其德乃餘,修道於家,父慈子孝,友弟順,夫信妻貞。
韓非子·存韓》:杜倉相秦,起兵發將以報天下之怨而先攻荊,荊令尹患之曰:「夫韓以秦為不義,而與秦弟共苦天下。」
慎子·逸文》:家富則疏族聚,家貧則弟離,非不相愛,利不足相容也。
管子·輕重丁》:相睹樹下,論議玄語,終日不歸,是以田不發,五穀不播,麻桑不種,璽縷不治,內嚴一家而三不歸,則帛布絲纊之賈安得不貴?
六韜·國務》:故善為國者,馭民如父母之愛子,如之愛弟。
尉繚子·武議》:夫殺人之父,利人之財貨,臣妾人之子女,此皆盜也。
淮南子·道應訓》:大王亶父曰:「與人之居而殺其弟,與人之父處而殺其子,吾弗為。」
呂氏春秋·壅塞》:使者遇其
鄧析子·無厚》:於弟,無厚也。
春秋左傳》:衛莊公娶于齊東宮得臣之妹,曰莊姜,美而無子,衛人所為賦碩人也,又娶于陳,曰厲媯,生孝伯,早死,其娣戴媯,生桓公,莊姜以為己子,公子州吁,嬖人之子也,有寵而好兵,公弗禁,莊姜惡之,石碏諫曰,臣聞愛子,教之以義方,弗納于邪,驕奢淫泆,所自邪也,四者之來,寵祿過也,將立州吁,乃定之矣,若猶未也,階之為禍,夫寵而不驕,驕而能降,降而不憾,憾而能眕者,鮮矣,且夫賤妨貴,少陵長,遠間親,新間舊,小加大,淫破義,所謂六逆也,君義,臣行,父慈,子孝,愛,弟敬,所謂六順也,去順效逆,所以速禍也,君人者,將禍是務去,而速之,無乃不可乎,弗聽,其子厚與州吁游,禁之不可,桓公立,乃老。
逸周書·官人解》:父子之閒觀其孝慈,弟之閒觀其和友,君臣之閒觀其忠惠,鄉黨之閒觀其信誠。

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