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Chinese Text Project
Simplified Chinese version

U+5144

Seal script

Jinwen

Jiaguwen

Jianbo

Radical:+ 3 strokes = 5 strokes total.
References:Guangyun: p.186#34 Kangxi: p.123#09 Cihai: p.133r5c02 GSR: 765.a Hanyu: v1,p0266#04
Composition:Top: , bottom: . Compositionally related: 𠁤 . Component of: 𠑽 况 𭀢 𡬣 𡶢 𦙿 𭯊 𮞈 [More]
Mandarin:xiōng ㄒㄩㄥ
Cantonese:hing1
Tang reconstruction:*xiuæng xiuæng
Shuowen:兄部》兄:长也。从儿从口。凡兄之属皆从兄。
Guangyun:广韵·下平声··》兄:尔雅男子先生曰兄。《说文》长也。许荣切,一。
Kangxi:康熙字典·儿部·》兄:《唐韵》许荣切《集韵》《韵会》《正韵》呼荣切,𠀤虩平声。《说文》长也。《通论》口儿爲兄。儿者,人在下,以兄敎其下也。《精薀》从人从口,以弟未有知而诲之。《尔雅·释亲》男子先生爲兄。《玉篇》昆也。《·小雅》凡今之人,莫如兄弟。《管子·心卫篇》善气迎人,亲于弟兄。又《集韵》《韵会》许放切《正韵》虚放切,𠀤音贶。《前汉·尹翁归传》尹翁归字子兄。《注》师古曰:兄读曰况。又《·大雅》不殄心忧,仓兄塡兮。《注》仓兄与怆恍同。《又》职兄斯引。《注》兄恍同。又与况同。《汉樊毅华岳庙𥓓》君善必书,兄乃盛德。《注》兄与况同。《管子·大匡篇》召忽语管仲曰:虽得天下,吾不生也。吾不生也,兄与我齐国之政也。又《说文》况贶皆以兄得声。《白虎通》兄,况也。兄况于父。今江南北犹呼兄爲况。又虚王切,音荒。《·魏风》陟彼冈兮,瞻望兄兮。《晋鲁褒钱神论》亲爱如兄,字曰孔方。《通雅》谓兄爲况,本于荒音。《释名》兄,荒也。荒,大也。靑徐人称兄曰荒。又《正字通》方音读若熏。义同。
Fanqie:许荣 (《广韵·下平声··》)
Unihan definition:elder brother

Example usage

论语·为政》:子曰:“《》云:‘孝乎惟孝、友于弟,施于有政。’”
The Master said, "What does the Shu Jing say of filial piety? - 'You are filial, you discharge your brotherly duties. These qualities are displayed in government.'"
孟子·尽心上》:孟子曰:“是犹或紾其之臂,子谓之姑徐徐云尔,亦教之孝弟而已矣。”
Mencius said, 'That is just as if there were one twisting the arm of his elder brother, and you were merely to say to him "Gently, gently, if you please." Your only course should be to teach such an one filial piety and fraternal duty.'
礼记·服问》:有从无服而有服,公子之妻为公子之外弟。
'There are cases in which parties wear mourning, while those, in consequence of their connexion with whom they have a relation with the deceased, wear none.' Such is the case of the wife of a ruler's son with the cousins of her husband on the female side.
孝经·感应》:必有先也,言有也。
He must have some to whom he concedes the precedence; that is, he has his cousins, who bear the same surname and are older than himself.
庄子·天地》:若然者,岂尧、舜之教民,溟滓然弟之哉?
Would such an one be willing to lookup to Yao and Shun in their instruction of the people as his elder brothers? He would treat them as his juniors, belonging himself to the period of the original plastic ether.
商君书·赏刑》:是父、昆弟、知识、帐婣、合同者,皆曰:“务之所加,存战而已矣。”
Thus fathers and seniors, elder and younger brothers, acquaintances, relatives by marriage, husband and wife, one and all say that that, to which they devote special application, is war and that alone.
史记·五帝本纪》:舜顺适不失子道,弟孝慈。
They all tried to kill Shun, who was obedient, and never by chance failed in his duty as a son, or his fraternal love.
荀子·大略》:孔子曰:“《》云:‘刑于寡妻,至于弟,以御于家邦。’”
说苑·杂言》:去尔恶心而忠与之,敏其行,修其礼,千里之外亲如弟。
春秋繁露·竹林》:夫去位而避弟者,君子之所甚贵。
韩诗外传·卷一》:疾乱世而轻死,弗顾弟,以法度之,比于不详,是磏仁者也。
大戴礼记》:非礼无以节事天地之神明也,非礼无以辨君臣上下长幼之位也,非礼无以别男女父子弟之亲、昏姻、疏数之交也,君子以此之为尊敬然。
白虎通德论·礼乐》:在闺门之内,父子弟同听之,则莫不和亲。
新书·大政下》:事长之道,不过于事,故不肖者之事也,不可以事长。
新序·善谋下》:且三秦王为秦将,将秦子弟数岁,所杀亡不可胜计,又欺其众降诸侯至新安,项王诈坑秦降卒二十馀万人,唯独邯、欣、翳脱,秦父怨此三人,痛入骨髓。
中论·贵言》:若夫父慈子孝,姑爱妇顺,友弟恭,夫敬妻听,朋友必信,师长必教,有司日月虑知乎州闾矣。
孔子家语·问礼》:非礼则无以别男女、父子、弟、婚姻、亲族、疏数之交焉。
潜夫论·论荣》:叔向、贤也,而鲋贪暴。
论衡·气寿》:周公、武王之弟也,弟相差,不过十年。
太玄经·太玄棿》:父子殊面,弟不孪,帝王莫同。
风俗通义·东方朔》:于是朔诣阙自陈:“十二失父,长养嫂。”
孔丛子·杂训》:子之先君见子产则事之,而世谓子产仁爱,称夫子圣人。
申鉴·时事》:依古复曰雠之科,使父雠避诸异州千里,弟之雠,避诸异郡五百里,从父从弟之雠,避诸异县百里。
独断·卷上》:天子父事天,母事地,事日,姊事月,常以春分朝日于东门之外,示有所尊,训人民事君之道也。
蔡中郎集·独断》:至殇帝崩,无子弟,安帝以和帝子从清河王子即尊号,依高帝尊父为太上皇之义,追号父清河王曰孝德皇。
墨子·经说上》:若弟一然者一不然者,必“不必”也,是非必也。
列子·力命》:杨布问曰:“有人于此,年弟也,言弟也,才弟也,貌弟也。”
鶡冠子·王鈇》:里中有不敬长慈少,出等异众,不听父之教,有所受闻,不悉以告扁长,谓之乱里,其罪有司而贰其家。
文子·道原》:和阴阳,节四时,调五行,润乎草木,浸乎金石,禽兽硕大,毫毛润泽,鸟卵不败,兽胎不殰,父无丧子之忧,无哭弟之哀,童子不孤,妇人不孀,虹霓不见,盗贼不行,含德之所致也。
文始真经·七釜》:关尹子曰:“人之少也,当佩乎父之教。”
老子河上公章句》:修之于家,其德乃馀,修道于家,父慈子孝,友弟顺,夫信妻贞。
韩非子·存韩》:杜仓相秦,起兵发将以报天下之怨而先攻荆,荆令尹患之曰:“夫韩以秦为不义,而与秦弟共苦天下。”
慎子·逸文》:家富则疏族聚,家贫则弟离,非不相爱,利不足相容也。
管子·轻重丁》:相睹树下,论议玄语,终日不归,是以田不发,五谷不播,麻桑不种,玺缕不治,内严一家而三不归,则帛布丝纩之贾安得不贵?
六韬·国务》:故善为国者,驭民如父母之爱子,如之爱弟。
尉缭子·武议》:夫杀人之父,利人之财货,臣妾人之子女,此皆盗也。
淮南子·道应训》:大王亶父曰:“与人之居而杀其弟,与人之父处而杀其子,吾弗为。”
吕氏春秋·壅塞》:使者遇其
邓析子·无厚》:于弟,无厚也。
春秋左传》:卫庄公娶于齐东宫得臣之妹,曰庄姜,美而无子,卫人所为赋硕人也,又娶于陈,曰厉妫,生孝伯,早死,其娣戴妫,生桓公,庄姜以为己子,公子州吁,嬖人之子也,有宠而好兵,公弗禁,庄姜恶之,石碏谏曰,臣闻爱子,教之以义方,弗纳于邪,骄奢淫泆,所自邪也,四者之来,宠禄过也,将立州吁,乃定之矣,若犹未也,阶之为祸,夫宠而不骄,骄而能降,降而不憾,憾而能眕者,鲜矣,且夫贱妨贵,少陵长,远间亲,新间旧,小加大,淫破义,所谓六逆也,君义,臣行,父慈,子孝,爱,弟敬,所谓六顺也,去顺效逆,所以速祸也,君人者,将祸是务去,而速之,无乃不可乎,弗听,其子厚与州吁游,禁之不可,桓公立,乃老。
逸周书·官人解》:父子之闲观其孝慈,弟之闲观其和友,君臣之闲观其忠惠,乡党之闲观其信诚。

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