Follow us on Facebook to receive important updates Follow us on Twitter to receive important updates Follow us on sina.com's microblogging site to receive important updates Follow us on Douban to receive important updates
Chinese Text Project

U+5148

Seal script

Jinwen

Jiaguwen

Jianbo

Radical:+ 4 strokes = 6 strokes total.
References:Guangyun: p.132#1 p.406#29 Kangxi: p.124#05 Cihai: p.134r3c02 GSR: 478.a Hanyu: v1,p0267#02
Composition:Top: , bottom: . Component of: 𠀡 𠈣 𠜎 𢙝 𤞓 𫩱 𬳽 𢈇 𢏡 𢓠 𣭟 𣭡 [More]
Mandarin:xiān ㄒㄧㄢ
Cantonese:sin1
Tang reconstruction:*sen sen
Shuowen:先部》先:前進也。从儿从之。凡先之屬皆从先。
Guangyun:廣韻·下平聲··》先:先後也,又姓左傳晉有先軫。蘇前切,又蘇薦切,四。
廣韻·去聲··》先:先後猶娣姒又姓出河東。又蘇前切。
Kangxi:康熙字典·儿部·》先:《唐韻》《正韻》蘇前切《集韻》《韻會》蕭前切,𠀤霰平聲。《說文》先,前進也。从人之。《徐曰》之,往也,往在人上也。一曰始也,故也。《玉篇》前也,早也。《孝經·感應章》必有先也。《老子·道德經》象帝之先。又祖父已歾曰先。《司馬遷·報任安書》太上不辱先,其次不辱身。又姓。《韻會》晉有先軫。又《韻會》凡在前者謂之先,則平聲。先而導前與當後而先之,則去聲。又《唐韻》《集韻》《韻會》《正韻》𠀤先見切,音霰。《增韻》先之也。《正韻》相導前後曰先後。《周禮·夏官·大司馬》以先愷樂,獻于社。《註》先猶導也。《史記·酈食其傳》沛公吾所願從游,莫爲我先。又先事而爲曰先。《易·乾卦》先天而天弗違。《禮·月令》先立春三日。又當後而前曰先。《左傳·文二年》不先父食。《孟子》疾行先長者。《老子·道德經》先天地生。又《廣韻》娣姒曰先後。《前漢·郊祀志》神君者,長陵女子。以乳死,見神于先後宛若。《註》孟康曰:兄弟妻相謂先後。師古曰:古謂之娣姒,今關中俗呼爲先後,吳楚呼之爲妯娌。又《韻會》《正韻》𠀤蘇典切,音跣。《越語》句踐親爲夫差先馬。《韻會》前漢太子,太傅少傅屬官有先馬。後漢職如謁者,太子出,則當直者前驅導威儀也。或作洗。
Fanqie:蘇前 (《廣韻·下平聲··》) 蘇薦 (《廣韻·下平聲··》) 蘇佃 (《廣韻·去聲··》) 蘇前 (《廣韻·去聲··》)
Unihan definition:first, former, previous

CTP Dictionary


先生
xiān shēng ㄒㄧㄢ ㄕㄥ (1): 父兄,長輩。 Elder.
論語·為政》:有事弟子服其勞,有酒食先生饌,曾是以為孝乎?
If, when their elders have any troublesome affairs, the young take the toil of them, and if, when the young have wine and food, they set them before their elders, is THIS to be considered filial piety?
xiān shēng ㄒㄧㄢ ㄕㄥ (2): 年長有學問的人,也用以尊稱對方。 Elder scholar, used as a term of respect.
墨子·公孟》:先生之毀儒也。
"Sir, you are accusing the Confucianists of too much."
公孫龍子·跡府》:穿曰:「素聞先生高誼,願為弟子久,但不取先生以白馬為非馬耳!」
xiān shēng ㄒㄧㄢ ㄕㄥ (3): 老師。 Teacher, master.
莊子·應帝王》:子之先生死矣,弗活矣,不以旬數矣!
Your master is a dead man. He will not live; -- not for ten days more!
xiān shēng ㄒㄧㄢ ㄕㄥ (4): 婦女對丈夫的稱呼。 Title used by a wife to refer to her husband.
莊子·讓王》:君過而遺先生食,先生不受,豈不命邪!
The ruler has seen his error, and sent you a present of food, but you would not receive it - is it appointed (for us to suffer thus)?
呂氏春秋·觀世》:今妻子有饑色矣,君過而遺先生食,先生又弗受也,豈非命也哉!
列子·說符》:子列子入,其妻望之而拊心曰:「妾聞為有道者之妻子,皆得佚樂,今有饑色,君遇而遺先生食。」
新序·節士》:使者去,子列子入,其妻望而拊心曰:「聞為有道者,妻子皆佚樂,今妻皆有饑色矣,君過而遺先生食,先生又辭,豈非命也哉!」
[Show proper names]

Example usage

論語·學而》:王之道斯為美,小大由之。
In the ways prescribed by the ancient kings, this is the excellent quality, and in things small and great we follow them.
孟子·盡心上》:堯舜之知而不遍物,急務也。
Even the wisdom of Yao and Shun did not extend to everything, but they attended earnestly to what was important.
禮記·深衣》:故規矩取其無私,繩取其直,權衡取其平,故王貴之。
In its squareness and roundness they saw its warning against selfishness; in its line-like straightness they saw its admonition to be correct, and in its balance-like evenness they saw its lesson of impartiality. Therefore the ancient kings attached a high value to it.
孝經·感應》:必有也,言有兄也。
He must have some to whom he concedes the precedence; that is, he has his cousins, who bear the same surname and are older than himself.
揚子法言·》:中和之發,在於哲民情,譔《知》。
The key to implementing the harmony of the mean lies in knowing the people's feelings. Thus, I have written "Foreknowledge."
莊子·人間世》:古之至人,存諸己,而後存諸人。
The perfect men of old first had (what they wanted to do) in themselves, and afterwards they found (the response to it) in others.
道德經》:吾不知誰之子,象帝之
I do not know whose son it is. It might appear to have been before God.
商君書·農戰》:王反之於農戰。
Therefore the ancient kings made people turn back to agriculture and war.
孫子兵法·始計》:攻其無備,出其不意,此兵家之勝,不可傳也。
Attack him where he is unprepared, appear where you are not expected. These military devices, leading to victory, must not be divulged beforehand.
荀子·大略》:曰:王之道,則堯舜已。
說苑·君道》:恕而後教,是堯道也。
春秋繁露·玉杯》:不別後,賤其無人心也。
韓詩外傳·卷一》:生何病也!
大戴禮記·主言》:是故君立於仁,則大夫忠,而士信、民敦、工璞、商愨、女憧、婦空空,七者教之志也。
白虎通德論·》:舉從下升,以為人無生得貴者,莫不由士起,是以舜時稱為天子,必試於士禮。
新書·脩政語下》:曰:「昔者王與帝脩道而道脩,寡人之望也,亦願以教。」
新序·善謀下》:留侯曰:「此難以口舌爭也,顧上有所不能致者,天下有四人,園公、綺里季、夏黃公、角里生。」
中論·治學》:學者、心之白日也,故王立教官,掌教國子,教以六德,曰智、仁、聖、義、中、和,教以六行,曰孝、友、睦、婣、任、恤。
孔子家語·相魯》:時,季氏葬昭公于墓道之南。
潛夫論·讚學》:是故「工欲善其事,必利其器」。
論衡·氣壽》:秋後秋,則亦如人死,或增百歲,或減百也。
太玄經·》:次四,或後前夫,錫之光。
風俗通義·五帝》:中和之色,德四季,與地同功,故黃以別之也。
孔叢子·廣名》:請天子命曰未可以戚王,請諸侯命曰未可以近君,請大夫命曰未可以從子。
申鑒·政體》:哲王之政,一曰承天,二曰正身,三曰任賢,四曰恤民,五曰明制,六曰立業。
忠經·保孝行章》:故君子行其孝,必以忠。
素書·求人之志章》:揆後度,所以應卒。
新語·道基》:於是聖乃仰觀天文,俯察地理,圖畫乾坤,以定人道,民始開悟,知有父子之親,君臣之義,夫婦之道,長幼之序。
獨斷·卷上》:帝故事,所至見長吏三老官屬,親臨軒,作樂,賜食皁帛越巾刀珮帶,民爵有級數,或賜田租之半,是故謂之幸,皆非其所當得而得之。
蔡中郎集·獨斷》:帝時,時備大駕上原陵,他不常用,唯遭大喪,乃施之法駕。
墨子·經說下》:有指:子智是,有智是吾所舉,重則。
列子·天瑞》:弟子曰:「生往无反期,弟子敢有所謁。」
鶡冠子·博選》:故北面而事之,則伯己者至,趨而後息,問而後默,則什己者至,人趨己趨,則若己者至,憑几據杖,指麾而使,則匀役者至,樂嗟苦咄,則徒隸之人至矣。
文子·道原》:老子曰:「有物混成,天地生,惟象無形,窈窈冥冥,寂寥淡漠,不聞其聲,吾強為之名,字之曰道。」
文始真經·二柱》:想乎一元之氣,具乎一物,執愛之以合彼之形,冥觀之以合彼之理,則象存焉。
列仙傳·關令尹》:老子西遊,喜見其氣,知有真人當過,物色而遮之,果得老子。
老子河上公章句》:象帝之
韓非子·存韓》:時五諸侯共伐秦,韓反與諸侯為鴈行以嚮秦軍於關下矣。
慎子·因循》:是故王見不受祿者不臣,祿不厚者,不與入難。
管子·輕重丁》:璧之數已具,管子西見天子曰:「弊邑之君,欲率諸侯而朝王之朝,觀於周室,請以令使天下諸侯,朝王之廟,觀於周室者,不得不以彤弓石璧。」
公孫龍子·跡府》:穿曰:「素聞生高誼,願為弟子久,但不取生以白馬為非馬耳!」

You can examine all occurrences of this character or phrase in Pre-Qin and Han texts or Post-Han texts on the site.


Enjoy this site? Please help.Site design and content copyright 2006-2020. When quoting or citing information from this site, please link to the corresponding page or to https://ctext.org. Please note that the use of automatic download software on this site is strictly prohibited, and that users of such software are automatically banned without warning to save bandwidth. 沪ICP备09015720号-3Comments? Suggestions? Please raise them here.