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Chinese Text Project
Simplified Chinese version

U+516C

Seal script

Jinwen

Jiaguwen

Jianbo

Semantic variant

Radical:+ 2 strokes = 4 strokes total.
References:Guangyun: p.27#39 Kangxi: p.126#28 Cihai: p.151r3c01 GSR: 1173.a Hanyu: v1,p0242#01
Composition:Top: , bottom: . Component of: 𠛀 𠤰 𭁅 𠕺 𡗳 𡵴 𢁷 𢪌 𮟭 𡆾 𠈂 𤝅 [More]
Mandarin:gōng ㄍㄨㄥ
Cantonese:gung1
Tang reconstruction:*gung gung
Shuowen:八部》公:平分也。从八从厶。八犹背也。韩非曰:背厶为公。
Guangyun:广韵·上平声··》公:通也,父也,正也,共也,官也,三公论道又公者无私也,从八从厶厶音私八背意也,背厶爲公也,亦姓汉有主爵都尉公俭又汉复姓八十五氏左传鲁有公冉务人公敛阳公何𦵧公父歜公賔庚公思展公锄极公申叔子费宰公山弗櫌公甲叔公巫召伯衞有公文要战国䇿齐威王时有左执法公旗蕃左传齐悼子公旗之后左传季武子庶子公沮后以爲氏孟子有公行子著书左传晋成公以卿之庶子爲公行大夫其后氏焉孔子家语鲁有公冶长又公索氏将祭而亡其牲者鲁有公愼氏出婬妻又有公罔之裘扬觯者孔子弟子齐人公晳哀陈人公良儒公西赤公祖句兹公肩定汉书艺文志有公梼子著书又有公胜生著书济南公玉带上明堂图功臣表有公师壹晋穆公子成师之后又有公扈满意后汉有零陵太守公仇称晋穆公子仇之后又弘农令北海公沙穆山阳公堵恭魏志有公夏浩晋书有征虏长史太山公正羣成都王帐下督公帅蕃本姓公师避晋景帝讳改爲公帅氏前赵録有大中大夫公帅式子夏门人齐人公羊髙作春秋传列女传有公乗之姒墨子鲁有公输班衞大夫公叔文子史记有鲁相公仪休孔子门人公休哀又有公祈哀礼记鲁大夫公明仪何氏姓苑云今髙平人衞大夫公南文子鲁有公荆皎衞大夫公子荆之后鲁大夫公襄昭鲁襄公太子野之后鲁大夫公伯寮何氏姓苑云彭城人赵平陵太守公休胜鲁士官公爲珍鲁昭公子公爲之后楚大夫公朱髙宋公子子朱之后公车氏秦公子伯车之后淮南子有公牛哀病七日化爲虎齐公子牛之后吕氏春秋有邴大夫公息忘孟子称公都子有学业楚公子田食采于都邑后氏焉公刘氏后稷公刘之后古今人表有公房皮楚公子房之后郭泰别传有渤海公族进阶衞大夫有公上王世本有鲁大夫公之文晋蒲邑大夫公佗世郷秦公子金之后有公金氏齐公子成之后有公牵氏何氏姓苑云公右氏今琅邪人公左氏今髙平人又有公言公孟公献公留公石公旅公仲等氏又左传衞有𢈔公差以善射闻祭公谋父出自姜姓申公子福楚申公巫臣之后衞有尹公佗楚大夫逢公子仲楚白公胜之后有白公氏文字志云魏文侯时有古乐人窦公氏献古文乐书一篇秦有博士黄公庇古今人表神农之后有公干仕齐爲大夫其后氏焉丗本有大公叔頴又有公纪氏衞有大夫左公子泄右公子职汉四晧有园公先生尚书仆射东郡成公敞。古红切,十三。
Kangxi:康熙字典·八部·》公:〔古文〕㒶《唐韵》《正韵》古红切《集韵》《韵会》沽红切,𠀤音工。《说文》平分也。从八从厶。八,犹背也。厶音私。《韩非曰》自营爲厶,背厶爲公。《徐曰》会意。《尔雅·释言》无私也。《·周官》以公灭私,民其允怀。又《玉篇》方平也,正也,通也。又《礼·礼运》大道之行,天下爲公。《注》公犹共也。又爵名,五等之首曰公。《·微子之命》庸建尔于上公。又三公官名。《韵会》周太师,太傅,太保爲三公。汉末大司马,大司徒,大司空爲三公。东汉太尉,司徒,司空爲三公。又官所曰公。《·召南》退食自公。又父曰公。《列子·黄帝篇》家公执席。《前汉·郊祀志》天子爲天下父,故曰钜公。又妇谓舅曰公。《前汉·贾谊策》与公倂倨。又尊称曰公。《贾谊策》此六七公皆亡恙。又相呼曰公。《史记·毛遂传》公等碌碌。又事也。《·召南》夙夜在公。《注》夙夜在视濯垢饎爨之事。又星名。《隋书·天文志》七公七星,在招摇东,天之相也。又姓。《韵会》汉有公俭。又諡法,立志及衆曰公。又与功通。《·小雅》以奏肤公。《大雅》王公伊濯。又《集韵》诸容切,音钟。同妐。夫之兄爲兄妐。一曰关中呼夫之父曰妐。或省作公。通作锺。又《韵补》叶姑黄切,音光。《东方朔·七谏》邪说饰而多曲兮,正法弧而不公。直士隐而避匿兮,谗谀登乎明堂。
Fanqie:古红 (《广韵·上平声··》)
Unihan definition:fair, equitable; public; duke

CTP Dictionary

[Show proper names]

Example usage

论语·为政》:问曰:“何为则民服?”
The Duke Ai asked, saying, "What should be done in order to secure the submission of the people?"
孟子·尽心下》:孙丑问曰:“何谓也?”
Gong Sun Chou said, 'What do you mean?'
礼记·服问》:门有税齐衰。
It was only at the ruler's gate that (in certain circumstances) he put off his sackcloth.
孝经·圣治》:严父莫大于配天,则周其人也。
In the reverential awe shown to one's father there is nothing greater than the making him the correlate of Heaven. The duke of Zhou was the man who (first) did this.
扬子法言》:孔子习周者也,颜渊习孔子者也。
Confucius studied the Duke of Zhou, and Yan Yuan studied Confucius.
庄子·齐物论》:曰狙赋芧,曰:“朝三而莫四。”
A keeper of monkeys, in giving them out their acorns, (once) said, 'In the morning I will give you three (measures) and in the evening four.'
道德经》:知常容,容乃乃王,王乃天,天乃道,道乃久,没身不殆。
The knowledge of that unchanging rule produces a (grand) capacity and forbearance, and that capacity and forbearance lead to a community (of feeling with all things). From this community of feeling comes a kingliness of character; and he who is king-like goes on to be heaven-like. In that likeness to heaven he possesses the Dao. Possessed of the Dao, he endures long; and to the end of his bodily life, is exempt from all danger of decay.
商君书·更法》:平画,孙鞅、甘龙、杜挚三大夫御于君,虑世事之变,讨正法之本,求使民之道。
Duke Xiao discussed his policy. The three Great Officers, Gong sun Yang, Gan Long and Du Zhi, were in attendance on the Prince. Their thoughts dwelt on the vicissitudes of the world's affairs; they discussed the principles of rectifying the law, and they sought for the way of directing the people.
孙子兵法·作战》:国之贫于师者远输,远输则百姓贫,近于师者贵卖,贵卖则百姓财竭,财竭则急于丘役,力屈财殚,中原内虚于家,百姓之费,十去其七,家之费,破车罢马,甲胄矢弩,戟楯蔽橹,丘牛大车,十去其六。
Poverty of the State exchequer causes an army to be maintained by contributions from a distance. Contributing to maintain an army at a distance causes the people to be impoverished. On the other hand, the proximity of an army causes prices to go up; and high prices cause the people's substance to be drained away. When their substance is drained away, the peasantry will be afflicted by heavy exactions. With this loss of substance and exhaustion of strength, the homes of the people will be stripped bare, and three-tenths of their income will be dissipated; while government expenses for broken chariots, worn-out horses, breast-plates and helmets, bows and arrows, spears and shields, protective mantles, draught-oxen and heavy wagons, will amount to four-tenths of its total revenue.
荀子·大略》:君子立志如穷,虽天子三问正,以是非对。
说苑·君道》:晋平问于师旷曰:“人君之道如何?”
春秋繁露·玉杯》:《春秋》讥文以丧取。
韩诗外传·卷一》:》云:“夙夜在,实命不同。”
大戴礼记》:鲁哀问于孔子曰:“吾欲论吾国之士,与之为政,何如者取之?”
白虎通德论·》:、侯、伯、子、男
新书·道术》:兼覆无私谓之,反为私。
新序·善谋下》:留侯曰:“此难以口舌争也,顾上有所不能致者,天下有四人,园、绮里季、夏黄、角里先生。”
中论·法象》:昔宋敏碎首于棊局,陈灵被祸于戏言,阎邴造逆于相诟,子生弑于尝鼋,是故君子居身也谦,在敌也让,临下也庄,奉上也敬。
孔子家语·相鲁》:谓孔子曰:“学子此法,鲁国何如?”
潜夫论·赞学》:故《志》曰:黄帝师风后,颛顼师老彭,帝喾师祝融,尧师务成,舜师纪后,禹师墨如,汤师伊尹,文、武师姜尚,周师庶秀,孔子师老聃。
论衡·幸偶》:晋文修文德,徐偃行仁义,文以赏赐,偃王以破灭。
太玄经·》:次七,夫牵于车,妻为剥荼,利于王姑,不利家,病。
风俗通义·五帝》:《易传》、《礼记》、《春秋国语》、《太史记》:黄帝、颛顼、帝喾、帝尧、帝舜是五帝也。
孔丛子·广训》:孙硕肤,徳音不瑕道,成王大美声,称远也。
申鉴·政体》:一曰中,二曰和,三曰正,四曰,五曰诚,六曰通。
忠经·天地神明章》:忠者、中也,至无私。
素书·遵义章》:女谒行者乱。
新语·道基》:自布衣升三之位,累世享千乘之爵。
独断·卷上》:《春秋左氏传》曰:“鲁襄在楚,季武子使冶问,玺书追而与之。”
蔡中郎集·独断》:太傅胡说曰:“《左氏传》有南冠而絷者。”
墨子·经说上》:礼:贵者,贱者名,而俱有敬僈。
鲁胜墨辩注叙》:墨子著书作辩经以立名本,惠施、孙龙祖述其学,以正别
列子·天瑞》:国氏之盗,道也,故亡殃。
鶡冠子·天则》:夫裁衣而知择其工,裁国而知索其人,此固世之所哉。
文子·道原》:夫至人之治也,弃其聪明,灭其文章,依道废智,与民同出乎
文始真经·三极》:以此天下,可以理财。
列仙传·容成公》:容成者,自称黄帝师,见于周穆王,能善辅导之事。
鬻子》:政曰:昔者鲁周曰:吾闻之于政也,知善不行者谓之狂,知恶不改者谓之惑。
老子河上公章句》:农事修,无私。
韩非子·难言》:故文王说纣而纣囚之,翼侯炙,鬼侯腊,比干剖心,梅伯醢,夷吾束缚,而曹羁奔陈,伯里子道乞,傅说转鬻,孙子膑脚于魏,吴起收泣于岸门、痛西河之为秦、卒枝解于楚,叔痤言国器、反为悖,孙鞅奔秦,关龙逢斩,苌宏分胣,尹子阱于棘,司马子期死而浮于江,田明辜射,宓子贱、西门豹不斗而死人手,董安于死而陈于市,宰予不免于田常,范睢折胁于魏。
申不害·大体》:凡因之道,身与无事,无事而天下自极也。

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