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Chinese Text Project
Simplified Chinese version

U+5191

Seal script

Jinwen

Jiaguwen

Semantic variant

Alternate form
Semantic variant

Radical:+ 7 strokes = 9 strokes total.
References:Guangyun: p.435#1 Kangxi: p.129#20 Cihai: p.165r2c05 GSR: 1079.i Hanyu: v3,p2059#09
Composition:Top: , bottom: . Component of:
Mandarin:zhòu ㄓㄡˋ
Cantonese:zau6
Tang reconstruction:djhiòu
Guangyun:广韵·去声··》胄:胄子国子也。《说文》曰:裔也,又姓出姓苑。直佑切,十三。
Kangxi:康熙字典·冂部·》胄:《唐韵》《集韵》直佑切《韵会》《正韵》直又切,𠀤音宙。《说文》兜鍪。从冃,由声。《徐曰》介胄字从冃,冃音冒。《·鲁颂》公徒三万,贝胄朱綅。《韵会》或作𩊄,亦作䩜。《荀子·议兵篇》冠䩜带劒。《正韵》胄与胄子之胄不同。经典多混,传写譌也。
Fanqie:直佑 (《广韵·去声··》)
Unihan definition:helmet

Example usage

墨子·兼爱下》:当使若二士者,言必信,行必果,使言行之合犹合符节也,无言而不行也。
Suppose they are sincere in word and decisive in deed so that their word and deed are made to agree like the two parts of a tally, and that there is no word but what is realized in deed.
孙子兵法·作战》:国之贫于师者远输,远输则百姓贫,近于师者贵卖,贵卖则百姓财竭,财竭则急于丘役,力屈财殚,中原内虚于家,百姓之费,十去其七,公家之费,破车罢马,甲矢弩,戟楯蔽橹,丘牛大车,十去其六。
Poverty of the State exchequer causes an army to be maintained by contributions from a distance. Contributing to maintain an army at a distance causes the people to be impoverished. On the other hand, the proximity of an army causes prices to go up; and high prices cause the people's substance to be drained away. When their substance is drained away, the peasantry will be afflicted by heavy exactions. With this loss of substance and exhaustion of strength, the homes of the people will be stripped bare, and three-tenths of their income will be dissipated; while government expenses for broken chariots, worn-out horses, breast-plates and helmets, bows and arrows, spears and shields, protective mantles, draught-oxen and heavy wagons, will amount to four-tenths of its total revenue.
尚书·舜典》:命汝典乐,教子,直而温,宽而栗,刚而无虐,简而无傲。
I appoint you to be Director of Music, and to teach our sons, so that the straightforward shall yet be mild; the gentle, dignified: the strong, not tyrannical: and the impetuous, not arrogant.
荀子·乐论》:带甲婴,歌于行伍,使人之心伤。
说苑·修文》:被甲撄立于桴鼓之间,士卒莫不勇者。
春秋繁露·服制像》:夫执介而后能拒敌者,故非圣人之所贵也。
大戴礼记·四代》:无废甲之戒,昭果毅以听。
新书·解县》:斥候者望烽燧而不敢卧,将吏戍者,或介而睡,而匈奴欺侮侵掠,未知息时,于焉望信威广德,难。
孔子家语·儒行解》:儒有忠信以为甲,礼义为干橹。
潜夫论·五德志》:武王克殷,而封其于铸。
论衡·死伪》:疋夫疋妇强死,其魂魄犹能凭依人以为淫厉,况伯有、我先君穆公之,子良之孙,子耳之子,弊邑之卿,从政三世矣。
风俗通义·叶令祠》:叶公自叶而入,至于北门,或遇之曰:“君胡不?”
孔丛子·儒服》:统御师旅,则有介之服。
蔡中郎集·述行赋》:问甯越之裔兮,藐仿𨱰而无闻。
韩非子·喻老》:天下无道,攻击不休,相守数年不已,甲生虮虱,燕雀处帷幄,而兵不归,故曰:“戎马生于郊。”
管子·小匡》:执枹,立于军门,使百姓皆加勇,臣不如也。
吴子·励士》:行之三年,秦人兴师,临于西河,魏士闻之,不待吏令,介而奋击之者以万数。
六韬·农器》:蓑薛、簦笠者,其甲、干楯也。
尉缭子·武议》:起兵,直使甲生虮虱,必为吾所效用也。
吕氏春秋·过理》:宋王筑为櫱帝,鸱夷血,高悬之,射著甲,从下,血坠流地。
春秋左传》:八月,丁未,公及邾师战于升陉,我师败绩,邾人获公,县诸鱼门。
逸周书·太子晋解》:王子应之曰:“人生而重丈夫,谓之子。”
晏子春秋》:晏子对曰:“臣闻介坐陈不席,狱讼不席,尸坐堂上不席,三者皆忧也。”
越绝书》:子胥介彀弓,出见使者,谢曰:“介之士,固不拜矣。”
盐铁论·和亲》:其后,王恢误谋马邑,匈奴绝和亲,攻当路塞,祸纷拏而不解,兵连而不息,边民不解甲弛弩,行数十年,介而耕耘,锄耰而候望,燧燔烽举,丁壮弧弦而出斗,老者超越而入葆。
列女传·卫二乱女》:已食,姬杖戈先太子与五介之士,迫其子悝于厕,强盟之。
春秋谷梁传》:古者被甲婴,非以兴国也,则以征无道也,岂曰以报其耻哉?
汉书·叙传下》:叔孙奉常,与时抑扬,税介免,礼义是创。
前汉纪》:汉兴继尧之
东观汉记·孙程》:北新城人,卫康叔之孙林父之后。
后汉书·礼仪下》:干、戈各一,笮一,甲一,一。
穆天子传·卷二》:亓味中麋而滑。
诗经·閟宫》:公徒三万、贝朱綅。
世说新语·赏誉》:谢公答曰:“世亦被遇。”
颜氏家训·杂艺》:王褒地清华,才学优敏,后虽入关,亦被礼遇
三国志·武帝纪》:太祖被甲婴,亲巡将士,明劝赏罚,衆乃复奋,承间讨击,贼稍折退。
艺文类聚·言志》:观夫全躯具臣,刀笔小吏,未尝识山川之形势,介之勤劳,细民之疾苦,风俗之嗜好,高阁之闲可来,高门之地徒重,玉馔罗前,黄金在握,足訾粟斯,容与自喜,亦复言轩羲以来,一人而已,使人见此,良足长叹。
通典》:役器:甲、、干、笮。
四书章句集注》:革,甲之属。
论语注疏·卫灵公》:○正义曰:案《舜典》命禹宅百揆,弃、后稷、契作司徒,皐陶作士,垂、共工、益作朕虞,伯夷作秩宗,夔典乐教子,龙作纳言,并四岳十二牧,凡二十二人,皆得其人,故舜无为而治也。
西游记》:那魔王穿了甲,绰刀在手,与众妖出得门来,即高声叫道:“那个是水帘洞洞主?”

You can examine all occurrences of this character or phrase in Pre-Qin and Han texts or Post-Han texts on the site.


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