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Chinese Text Project

U+5195

Seal script

Radical:+ 9 strokes = 11 strokes total.
References:Guangyun: p.295#6 Kangxi: p.129#30 Cihai: p.165r4c03 GSR: 222.d Hanyu: v2,p1514#06
Composition:Top: , bottom: . Component of: 𭲀 𪼚 𮃦 𨬋
Mandarin:miǎn ㄇㄧㄢˇ
Cantonese:min5
Tang reconstruction:myɛ̌n
Shuowen:冃部》冕:大夫以上冠也。邃延、垂瑬、紞纊。从冃免聲。古者黃帝初作冕。
Guangyun:廣韻·上聲··》冕:冠冕。
Kangxi:康熙字典·冂部·》冕:《唐韻》亡辨切《集韻》《韻會》《正韻》美辨切,𠀤音免。《說文》大夫以上冠也。邃延垂瑬纊紞。从冃,免聲。古黃帝初作冕。《徐曰》冕,上加之也。長六寸,前狹圓,上廣方,朱綠塗之,前後邃延。斿,其前垂珠也,俯仰逶迤,如水之流。纊紞,黃色也,以黃綿綴冕兩旁,下繫玉瑱,又謂之珥,細長而銳若筆頭,以屬耳中,無作聰明,虛己以待人之意。冕之言俛也,後仰前俯,主於恭也。《禮·玉藻》諸侯裨冕以朝。《禮器》天子之冕朱綠藻,十有二旒,諸侯九,上大夫七,下大夫五,此以文爲貴也。又《韻會》或作絻。《荀子·禮論篇》郊之麻絻。《集韻》亦作㡈。又《正韻》禮記,士玄端,諸侯玄端以祭,天子玄端而朝日於東門之外。端皆作冕。又《集韻》武遠切,音晚。冠有延,前俯也。
Fanqie:亡辨 (《廣韻·上聲··》)
Unihan definition:crown; ceremonial cap

Example usage

論語·泰伯》:惡衣服,而致美乎黻
His ordinary garments were poor, but he displayed the utmost elegance in his sacrificial cap and apron.
孟子·告子下》:曰:「孔子為魯司寇,不用,從而祭,燔肉不至,不稅而行。」
Mencius answered, 'When Confucius was chief minister of Justice in Lu, the prince came not to follow his counsels. Soon after there was the solstitial sacrifice, and when a part of the flesh presented in sacrifice was not sent to him, he went away even without taking off his cap of ceremony.'
莊子·胠篋》:故逐於大盜,揭諸侯,竊仁義並斗斛、權衡、符璽之利者,雖有軒之賞弗能勸,斧鉞之威弗能禁。
Thus they hasten to become great robbers, carry off princedoms, and steal benevolence and righteousness, with all the gains springing from the use of pecks and bushels, weights and steelyards, tallies and seals: even the rewards of carriages and coronets have no power to influence (to a different course), and the terrors of the axe have no power to restrain in such cases.
尚書·太甲中》:惟三祀十有二月朔,伊尹以服奉嗣王歸于亳,作書曰:「民非后,罔克胥匡以生。」
On the first day of the twelfth month of his third year, Yi Yin escorted the young king in the royal cap and robes back to Bo. (At the same time) he made the following writing: 'Without the sovereign, the people cannot have that guidance which is necessary to (the comfort of) their lives.'
禮記·王制》:周人而祭,玄衣而養老。
荀子·大略》:天子山,諸侯玄冠,大夫裨,士韋弁,禮也。
說苑·脩文》:公始加玄端與皮弁,皆必朝服玄四加,諸侯、太子、庶子冠公為主,其禮與上同。
春秋繁露·王道》:貢土地所有,先以入宗廟,端盛服而後見先。
韓詩外傳·卷八》:於是黃帝乃服黃衣,戴黃,致齋于宮,鳳乃蔽日而至,黃帝降于東階,西面再拜稽首,曰:「皇天降祉,不敢不承命。」
大戴禮記》:今夫端衣、玄裳、而乘路者,志不在於食葷。
白虎通德論·》:故《尚書》曰:「王麻黼裳。
新書·保傅》:古之王者,太子初生,固舉以禮,使士負之,有司齋肅端,見之南郊,見于天也。
新序·義勇》:曰:「義死不避斧鉞之罪,義窮不受軒之服。」
中論·法象》:夫法象立、所以為君子,法象者、莫先乎正容貌、慎威儀,是故先王之制禮也,為服采章以旌之,為珮玉鳴璜以聲之,欲其尊也,欲其莊也,焉可懈慢也?
孔子家語·大昏解》:公曰:「寡人願有言也然,而親迎,不已重乎?」
潛夫論·志氏姓》:於是晉侯為請服于王,王命隨會為卿,是以受范,卒謚武子。
風俗通義·五帝》:黃帝始制冠,垂衣裳,上棟下宇,以避風雨,禮文法度,興事創業。
孔叢子·儒服》:答曰:「夫儒者居位行道,則有袞之服。」
新語·思務》:孔子曰:「行夏之時,乘殷之輅,服周之,樂則《韶》舞。」
獨斷·卷下》:其次朝侯,位次九卿下,皆平文衣,侍祠郊廟,稱侍祠侯。
蔡中郎集·獨斷》:、爵冔收、通天冠、進賢冠、長冠、緇布冠、委貌冠、皮弁、惠文冠,古者天子冠所加者,其次在漢禮。
列子·湯問》:中國之人,冠而裳。
韓非子》:再拜而辭,文公止之曰:「諺曰:築社者,攐撅而置之,端而祀之。」
管子·輕重甲》:故軒立於朝,爵祿不隨,臣不為忠。
淮南子·齊俗訓》:譬若芻狗土龍之始成,文以青黃,絹以綺繡,纏以朱絲,尸祝袀袨,大夫端,以送迎之。
呂氏春秋·具備》:三月嬰兒,軒在前,弗知欲也,斧鉞在後,弗知惡也,慈母之愛諭焉,誠也。
史記·樂書》:魏文侯問於子夏曰:「吾端而聽古樂則唯恐臥,聽鄭衛之音則不知倦。」
春秋左傳》:二年,春,宋督攻孔氏,殺孔父而取其妻,公怒,督懼,遂弒殤公,君子以督為有無君之心,而後動於惡,故先書弒其君,會于稷,以成宋亂,為賂故,立華氏也,宋殤公立,十年十一戰,民不堪命,孔父嘉為司馬,督為大宰,故因民之不堪命,先宣言曰,司馬則然,已殺孔父而弒殤公,召莊公于鄭而立之,以親鄭,以郜大鼎賂公,齊陳鄭皆有賂,故遂相宋公,夏,四月,取郜大鼎于宋,戊申,納于大廟,非禮也,臧哀伯諫曰,君人者,將昭德塞違,以臨照百官,猶懼或失之,故昭令德以示子孫,是以清廟茅屋,大路越席,大羹不致,粢食不鑿,昭其儉也,袞,,黻,珽,帶,裳,幅,舄,衡,紞,紘,綖,昭其度也,藻率,鞞,鞛,鞶,厲,游,纓,昭其數也,火,龍,黼,黻,昭其文也,五色比象,昭其物也,鍚,鸞,和,鈴,昭其聲也,三辰旂旗,昭其明也,夫德,儉而有度,登降有數,文物以紀之,聲明以發之,以臨照百官,百官於是乎戒懼,而不敢易紀律,今滅德立違,而寘其賂器於大廟,以明示百官,百官象之,其又何誅焉。
逸周書·小明武解》:凡攻之道,必得地勢,以順天時,觀之以今,稽之以古,攻其逆政,毀其地阻,立之五教,以惠其下,矜寡無告,實為之主,五教允中,枝葉代興,國為偽巧,後宮飾女,荒田逐獸,田獵之所,游觀崇臺,泉池在下,淫樂無既,百姓辛苦,上有困令,乃有極□,上困下騰,戎遷其野,敦行王法,濟用金鼓,降以列陳,無悗怒□,按道攻巷,無襲門戶,無受貨賂,攻用弓弩,上下禱祀,靡神不下,其行衝梯,振以長旗,懷戚思終,左右憤勇,無食六畜,無聚子女,群振若雷,造于城下,鼓行參呼,以正什伍,上有軒,斧鉞在下,勝國若化,故曰明武。
國語·楚語下》:對曰:「聖王正端,以其不違心,帥其群臣精物以臨監享祀,無有苛慝于神者,謂之一純。」
晏子春秋》:前有旒,惡多所見也。
吳越春秋》:妻衣褐兮為婢,夫去兮為奴。
鹽鐵論·憂邊》:孔子曰:『麻,禮也,今也純,儉,吾從眾。』
春秋穀梁傳》:朝服雖敝,必加於上,弁雖舊,必加於首,周室雖衰,必先諸侯。
春秋公羊傳》:已練可以弁,服金革之事。
漢書·敘傳上》:今吾子幸游帝王之世,躬帶之服,浮英華,湛道德,矕龍虎之文,舊矣。
前漢紀》:若人冠焉。
東觀漢記·補遺》:俗人失其名,故名為平天冠,五時副車曰五帝,鸞旗曰雞翹,耕根曰三蓋,旗皆非一。
後漢書·禮儀中》:至立秋,迎氣於黃郊,樂奏黃鍾之宮,歌帝臨,而執干戚,舞雲翹、育命,所以養時訓也。
竹書紀年》:初制服。
穆天子傳·卷一》:天子大服:禕,帗帶,搢曶,夾佩,奉璧,南面立于寒下。

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