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Chinese Text Project
Simplified Chinese version

U+51A0

Seal script

Jianbo

Radical:+ 7 strokes = 9 strokes total.
References:Guangyun: p.125#17 p.403#16 Kangxi: p.130#23 Cihai: p.165r6c07 GSR: 160.a Hanyu: v1,p0303#18
Composition:Top: , bottom: . Component of: 𫱌 𬃧 𬏸 𥔒 𨩶 𪑪
Mandarin:guān guàn ㄍㄨㄢ ㄍㄨㄢˋ
Cantonese:gun1 gun3
Tang reconstruction:guɑn guɑ̀n
Shuowen:冖部》冠:絭也。所以絭发,弁冕之緫名也。从冂从元,元亦声。冠有法制,从寸。
Guangyun:广韵·上平声··》冠:首饰。《说文》曰:絭也,所以絭发弁冕之緫名也,亦姓风俗通云古贤者鶡冠子之后。又音灌。
广韵·去声··》冠:冠束。《白虎通》云:男子幼娶必冠女子幼嫁必笄又姓列仙传有仙人冠先。又音官。
Kangxi:康熙字典·冖部·》冠:《唐韵》《集韵》《韵会》古丸切《正韵》沽欢切,𠀤音官。《说文》絭也,所以絭发。从冖,元。冠有法制,故从寸。《徐曰》取其在首,故从元。古亦谓冠爲元服。《白虎通》冠者,卷也。卷持其发也。《释名》冠,贯也,所以贯韬发也。《后汉·舆服志》上古穴居野处,衣毛冒皮。后世圣人见鸟兽有冠角𩑞胡,遂制冠冕缨緌。又姓。《风俗通》古者鶡冠子之后。又《唐韵》《集韵》《韵会》《正韵》𠀤古玩切,官去声。《礼·曲礼》二十曰弱冠。《冠仪》冠者,礼之始也。故圣王重冠。《白虎通》男子幼,娶必冠。《韵会》男子二十加冠曰冠。又爲衆之首曰冠。《前汉·魏相丙吉传赞》高祖开基,萧曹爲冠。《史记·灌夫传》夫名冠三军。又姓。《韵会》列仙传有仙人冠先。又叶俱伦切,音麇。《张紘枕箴》瓌材允丽,惟淑惟珍。安安文枕,式彼弁冠。又《韵补》叶居员切,眷平声。《刘歆·孟母赞》子学不进,断机示焉。子遂成德,爲当世冠。又叶扃县切,音睊。《苏辙·燕山诗》丹子号无策,亦数游侠冠。玉帛非足云:女子罹蹈践。
Fanqie:古丸 (《广韵·上平声··》) 古玩 (《广韵·去声··》)
Unihan definition:cap, crown, headgear

Example usage

论语·乡党》:羔裘玄不以吊。
He did not wear lamb's fur or a black cap on a visit of condolence.
孟子·万章下》:思与乡人处,如以朝衣朝坐于涂炭也。
He considered his being in the same place with a villager, as if he were to sit amid mud and coals with his court robes and court cap.
礼记·间传》:斩衰三升,既虞卒哭,受以成布六升、七升。
The sackcloth with jagged edges (worn at first) was made with 3 sheng, but after the sacrifice of repose when the wailing was over, this was exchanged for a different fabric made with 6 sheng, while the material for the cap was made with 7 sheng.
扬子法言·》:圣人聪明渊懿,继天测灵,乎群伦,经诸范,撰《五百》。
The sage, keenly intelligent and profoundly good, continues the work of Tian and fathoms the divine. Surpassing the common herd, he sets the standard. Thus, I have written "Five Hundred Years."
墨子·兼爱中》:昔者晋文公好士之恶衣,故文公之臣皆牂羊之裘,韦以带剑,练帛之,入以见于君,出以践
1朝。
Formerly, Lord Wen of the state of Jin (about 630 B.C.) liked the uncouth uniform of the soldier. And so all his ministers and officers wore sheepskin jackets, carried their swords in leather girdles, and put on silk-spun hats. Thus attired, they attended the Lord when they went in and paced the court when they stayed out.
庄子·天地》:且夫趣舍声色以柴其内,皮弁、鹬、搢笏、绅修以约其外,内支盈于柴栅,外重纆缴,睆睆然在纆缴之中而自以为得,则是罪人交臂、历指,而虎豹在于囊槛,亦可以为得矣。
'Moreover, those preferences and dislikes, that (fondness for) music and colours, serve but to pile up fuel (in their breasts); while their caps of leather, the bonnet with kingfishers' plumes, the memorandum tablets which they carry, and their long girdles, serve but as restraints on their persons. Thus inwardly stuffed full as a hole for fuel, and outwardly fast bound with cords, when they look quietly round from out of their bondage, and think they have got all they could desire, they are no better than criminals whose arms are tied together, and their fingers subjected to the screw, or than tigers and leopards in sacks or cages, and yet thinking that they have got (all they could wish).
荀子·大略》:天子诸侯子十九而而听治,其教至也。
说苑·修文》:孔子见子桑伯子,子桑伯子不衣而处,弟子曰:“夫子何为见此人乎?”
春秋繁露·服制像》:之在首,玄武之象也。
韩诗外传·卷一》:原宪楮黎杖而应门,正则缨绝,振襟则肘见,纳履则踵决。
大戴礼记·主言》:是以蛮夷诸夏虽衣不同、言语不合,莫不来至,朝觐于王。
白虎通德论·》:《士经》曰:“天子之元子士也。”
新书·保傅》:及太子既成人,免于保傅之严,则有司直之史,有亏膳之宰。
新序·善谋下》:太子侍,四人者从太子,皆年八十有馀,鬓眉皓白,衣甚伟,上怪而问之曰:“何为者?”
中论·修本》:上悬乎緌,下系乎带佩。
孔子家语·王言解》:是以蛮夷诸夏,虽衣不同,言语不合,莫不来宾。
潜夫论·实边》:当职勤劳而不录,贤俊蓄积而悉,衣无所觊望,农夫无所贪利,是以逐稼中灾,莫肯就外。
论衡·幸偶》:韩昭侯醉卧而寒,典加之以衣,觉而问之,知典爱己也,以越职之故,加之以罪。
太玄经·》:次八,戚䏔,履全履。
风俗通义·五帝》:黄帝始制冕,垂衣裳,上栋下宇,以避风雨,礼文法度,兴事创业。
孔丛子·广服》:弁髦,大古布而敝之者也。
新语·资质》:𡻭𡻭诘屈,委曲不同,然生于大都之广地,近于大匠之名工,则材器制断,规矩度量,坚者补朽,短者续长,大者治罇,小者治觞,饰以丹漆,斁以明光,上备太牢,春秋礼庠,褒以文彩,立礼矜庄,带正容,对酒行觞,卿士列位,布陈宫堂,望之者目眩,近之者鼻芳。
独断·卷下》:寝有衣几杖,象生之具,总谓之宫。
蔡中郎集·独断》:珠冕、爵冔收、通天、进贤、长、缁布、委貌、皮弁、惠文,古者天子所加者,其次在汉礼。
列子·黄帝》:顾见商丘开年老力弱,面目黎黑,衣不检,莫不眲之。
鶡冠子·近迭》:庞子问鶡子曰:“圣人之道何先?”
文子·上德》:丝之为缟也,或为,或为远,则戴枝之,远则足蹍之。
列仙传·黄帝》:蹔莅万物,名百王。
韩非子·有度》:兵四布于天下,威行于带之国。
慎子·逸文》:画衣,异章服,谓之戮。
管子·轻重丁》:市未央毕而委舍其守列,投蟁蛇巨雄,新五尺,请挟弹怀丸游水上,弹蓑燕小鸟,被于暮。
六韬·上贤》:四曰:奇其带,伟其依服。
淮南子·道应训》:桓公赣之衣而见,说以为天下。
吕氏春秋·壹行》:今行者见大树,必解衣县倚剑而寝其下。
史记·秦本纪》:三年,王
春秋左传》:卫文公大布之衣,大帛之,务材,训农,通商,惠工,敬教,劝学,授方,任能,元年,革车三十乘,季年,乃三百乘。
逸周书·器服解》:斧巾,玄缋緌,缟素纰,玄组,武卷组缨,象琪,缋瑱,絺绅带,象玦,朱极韦,素独。
国语·晋语七》:也,和安而好敬,柔惠小物,而镇定大事,有直质而无流心,非义不变,非上不举。
晏子春秋》:公曰:“善解余惑,加!”
吴越春秋》:东南为司马门,立增楼其山巅,以为灵台起离宫于淮阳,中宿台在于高平,驾台在于成丘,立苑于乐野,燕台在于石室,斋台在于襟山。
越绝书》:蠡修衣,有顷而出。

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