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Chinese Text Project

U+51C4

Alternate form
Semantic variant

Radical:+ 8 strokes = 10 strokes total.
References:Guangyun: p.87#27 Kangxi: p.132#33 Cihai: p.169r2c05 Hanyu: v1,p0299#01
Composition:Left: , right: .
Mandarin: ㄑㄧ
Cantonese:cai1
Tang reconstruction:*tsei tsei
Guangyun:廣韻·上平聲··》凄:寒也。
Kangxi:康熙字典·冫部·》凄:《唐韻》七稽切《集韻》《韻會》千西切《正韻》此西切,𠀤音妻。《玉篇》寒也。《韻會》通作淒。詩淒其以風。嚴氏曰:淒旁加二點,从仌,冰寒也。
Fanqie:七稽 (《廣韻·上平聲··》)
Unihan definition:bitter cold, miserable, dreary

Example usage

禮記·祭義》:霜露既降,君子履之,必有愴之心,非其寒之謂也。
When he treads on the dew which has descended as hoar-frost he cannot help a feeling of sadness, which arises in his mind, and cannot be ascribed to the cold.
史記》:儵眒浰,雷動熛至,星流霆擊,弓不虛發,中必決眥,洞胸達腋,絕乎心系,獲若雨獸,揜草蔽地。
春秋左傳》:大雨雹,季武子問於申豐曰,雹可禦乎,對曰,聖人在上,無雹,雖有不為災,古者日在北陸,而藏冰西陸,朝覿而出之,其藏冰也,深山窮谷,固陰沍寒,於是乎取之,其出之也,朝之祿位,賓食喪祭,於是乎用之,其藏之也,黑牡秬黍,以享司寒,其出之也,桃弧棘矢,以除其災,其出入也,時食肉之祿,冰皆與焉,大大命婦,喪浴用冰,祭寒而藏之,獻羔而啟之,公始用之,火出而畢賦,自命夫命婦,至於老疾,無不受冰,山人取之,縣人傳之,輿人納之,隸人藏之,夫冰以風壯,而以風出,其藏之也周,其用之也遍,則冬無愆陽,夏無伏陰,春無風,秋無苦雨,雷出不震,無菑霜雹癘疾不降,民不夭札,今藏川池之冰,棄而不用,風不越而殺,雷不發而震,雹之為菑,誰能禦之,七月之卒章,藏冰之道也。
吳越春秋·五年》:不聞以土木之崇高,蟲鏤之刻畫,金石之清音,絲竹之唳以之為美。
後漢書》:魴、鱮、媂、,鰋、鯉、鱨、魦,樂我純德,騰踊相隨,雖靈沼之白鳥,孟津之躍魚,方斯蔑矣。
楚辭·悲回風》:涕泣交而兮,思不眠以至曙。
黃帝內經》:春有慘殘賊之勝,則夏有炎暑燔爍之復。
抱朴子·暢玄》:棟撓餗覆,傾溺不振,蓋世人之所為載馳企及,而達者之所為寒心而愴者也。
藝文類聚·》:《毛詩》曰:秋日,百草具腓。
意林·莊子十卷》:然似秋,煖然似春。
金瓶梅》:假如一個人到了那窮苦的田地,受盡無限涼,耐盡無端懊惱,晚來摸一摸米瓮,苦無隔宿之炊,早起看一看廚前,愧無半星煙火,妻子饑寒,一身凍餒,就是那粥飯尚且艱難,那討餘錢沽酒!
廣韻·》::寒也。
太平御覽·》:,雨雲起也。
太平廣記·趙知微》:既各就榻,而風飛雨宛然。
朱子語類》:至「不似向前聲,滿坐重聞皆淹泣」!
墨子閒詁·尚同上》:·莊四年傳》云:「春無風,秋無苦雨」,杜注云:「霖雨為人所患苦。」
紅樓夢》:又想:「自己年紀可也不小了,家中又碰見這樣飛災橫禍,不知何日了局,致使幽閨弱質,弄得這般涼寂寞。」
康熙字典·十一》:《卓文君·白頭吟》,嫁女不須啼。
儒林外史》:彈了一會,忽作變徽之音,清宛轉。

You can examine all occurrences of this character or phrase in Pre-Qin and Han texts or Post-Han texts on the site.


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