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Chinese Text Project

U+5208

Seal script

Alternate form
𠛄
Semantic variant

Radical:+ 2 strokes = 4 strokes total.
References:Guangyun: p.391#44 Kangxi: p.136#10 Cihai: p.177r3c01 GSR: 347.b Hanyu: v1,p0323#07
Composition:Left: , right: . Component of:
Mandarin: ㄧˋ
Cantonese:ngaai6
Guangyun:廣韻·去聲··》刈:刈穫。魚肺切,八。
Kangxi:康熙字典·刀部·》刈:〔古文〕𠛄《唐韻》魚肺切《集韻》魚刈切《韻會》疑刈切《正韻》倪制切,𠀤音乂。《說文》芟草也。《徐曰》本作乂,後人又加刀作刈。《屈原·離騷》願竢時乎吾將刈。《註》刈,穫也。草曰刈,穀曰穫。又通艾。《前漢·匈奴傳》艾,朝鮮之旃。《註》師古曰:艾讀曰刈。刈,絕也。又《玉篇》取也,殺也。又《韻會》絕也。
Fanqie:魚肺 (《廣韻·去聲··》)
Unihan definition:cut off, reap, mow; sickle

Example usage

墨子·非攻下》:入其國家邊境,芟其禾稼,斬其樹木,墮其城郭,以湮其溝池,攘殺其牲牷,燔潰其祖廟,勁殺其萬民,覆其老弱,遷其重器,卒進而柱乎鬥,曰『死命為上,多殺次之,身傷者為下,又況失列北橈乎哉,罪死無赦』,以譂其眾。
Entering the state they cut down the grain fields and fell the trees and woods; they tear down the inner and outer walls of the city and fill up the ditches and ponds; they seize and kill the sacrificial animals and burn down the ancestral temple; they kill and murder the people and exterminate the aged and weak; they move away the treasures and valuables. The soldiers are encouraged to advance by being told: "To suffer death is the highest (service you can render), to kill many is the next, to be wounded is the lowest. But if you should drop out from your rank and attempt to sneak away, the penalty will be death without moderation." Thus the soldiers are put to fear.
商君書·來民》:天下有不服之國,則王以此春違其農,夏食其食,秋取其,冬凍其葆。
Should there be a state in the empire that does not submit, then Your Majesty should, herewith, in spring prevent their farming, in summer live on their produce, in autumn lay hold of their harvest, and in winter pickle their vegetables:
詩經·葛覃》:維葉莫莫、是是濩。
Its leaves were luxuriant and dense. I cut it and I boiled it.
韓詩外傳·卷九》:婦人曰:「鄉者、蓍薪,亡吾蓍簪,吾是以哀也。」
大戴禮記·用兵》:及後世貪者之用兵也,以百姓,危國家也。
孔子家語·六本》:夏桀、昆吾,自滿而無極,亢意而不節,斬黎民,如草芥焉。
論衡·逢遇》:春種穀生,秋穀收,求物得物,作事事成,不名為「遇」。
蔡中郎集·正交論》:今將患其流而塞其源,病其末而其本
文子·上禮》:老子曰:世之將喪性命,猶陰氣之所起也,主闇昧而不明,道廢而不行,德滅而不揚,舉事戾於天,發號逆四時,春秋縮其和,天地除其德,人君處位而不安,大夫隱遁而不言,群臣推上意而壞常,疏骨肉而自容,邪人諂而陰謀,遽載驕主而像其亂人以成其事,是故君臣乖而不親,骨肉疏而不附,田無立苖,路無緩步,金積折廉,壁襲無贏,殼龜無腹,蓍筮日施,天下不合而為一家,諸侯制法各異習俗,悖拔其根而棄其本,鑿五刑,為刻削,爭於錐刀之末,斬百姓,盡其太半,舉兵為難,攻城濫殺,覆高危安,大衝車,高重壘,除戰隊,使陣死路,犯嚴敵,百姓一反,名聲苟盛,兼國有地,伏尸數十萬,老弱飢寒而死者不可勝計。
慎子·威德》:地雖不憂人之貧,伐木草必取己富焉,則地無事也。
管子·地數》:伯高對曰:『請其莞而樹之,吾謹逃其蚤牙。』
六韜·農器》:禾薪,其糧食儲備也。
淮南子·時則訓》:禁民無藍以染,毋燒灰,毋暴布,門閭無閉,關市無索。
呂氏春秋·審為》:危身傷生、頸斷頭以徇利,則亦不知所為也。
史記·項羽本紀》:今日固決死,願為諸君快戰,必三勝之,為諸君潰圍,斬將,旗,令諸君知天亡我,非戰之罪也。
春秋左傳》:冬,鄭穆公卒,初,鄭文公有賤妾,曰燕姞,夢天使與己蘭,曰,余為伯鯈,余而祖也,以是為而子,以蘭有國香,人服媚之如是,既而文公見之,與之蘭而御之,辭曰,妾不才,幸而有子,將不信,敢徵蘭乎,公曰,諾,生穆公,名之曰蘭,文公報鄭子之妃,曰陳媯,生子華,子臧,子臧得罪而出,誘子華而殺之南里,使盜殺子臧於陳宋之間,又娶于江,生公子士,朝于楚,楚人酖之,及葉而死,又娶于蘇,生子瑕,子俞彌,俞彌早卒,洩駕惡瑕,文公亦惡之,故不立也,公逐群公子,公子蘭奔晉,從晉文公伐鄭,石癸曰,吾聞姬姞耦,其子孫必蕃,姞,吉人也,后稷之元妃也,今公子蘭,姞甥也,天或啟之,必將為君,其後必蕃,先納之,可以亢寵,與孔將鉏,侯宣多,納之,盟于大宮,而立之,以與晉平,穆公有疾,曰,蘭死,吾其死乎,吾所以生也,蘭而卒。
逸周書·大武解》:四時:一春違其農,二夏食其穀,三秋取其,四冬凍其葆。
國語·吳語》:吳王還自伐齊,乃訊申胥曰:「昔吾先王體德明聖,達于上帝,譬如農夫作耦,以殺四方之蓬蒿,以立名于荊,此則大夫之力也。」
晏子春秋》:其適遇淫君,外內頗邪,上下怨疾,動作辟違,從欲厭私,高臺深池,撞鐘舞女,斬民力,輸掠其聚,以成其違,不恤後人,暴虐淫縱,肆行非度,無所還忌,不思謗讟,不憚鬼神,神怒民痛,無悛於心。
戰國策》:王謂臣曰:「吾必不聽眾口與讒言,吾信汝也,猶剗者也。」
鹽鐵論·取下》:昔商鞅之任秦也,刑人若菅茅,用師若彈丸。
前漢紀》:視殺人如草莞。
東觀漢記·淳于恭》:以謙儉推讓為節,人有恭禾者,恭見之,念其愧,因伏草中,至去乃起。
後漢書·祭祀下》:舞者象教田,初為芟除,次耕種、芸耨、驅爵及穫、舂簸之形,象其功也。
楚辭·離騷經》:冀枝葉之峻茂兮,願竢時乎吾將
焦氏易林·坤之》:宗社,失其邦域。
說文解字·艸部》:芻:艸也。
爾雅·釋訓》:是濩,濩,煮之也。
釋名·釋長幼》:治事能斷割芟無所疑也。
方言·第五》:鉤,江淮陳楚之間謂之鉊,或謂之鐹。
顏氏家訓·涉務》:耕種之,茠鉏之,穫之,載積之,打拂之,簸揚之,凡幾涉手,而入倉廩,安可輕農事而貴末業哉?
抱朴子·極言》:厥田雖沃,水澤雖美,而為之失天時,耕鋤又不至,登稼被壟,不穫不,頃畝雖多,猶無獲也。
三國志·王脩傳》:諸生有密為襃麥者,襃遂棄之。
洞冥記·卷第二》:二千歲一花,明年應生,臣走請之。
群書治要·襄公》:絕民之主,去身之偏,王之體,以禍其國,無不祥大焉。
藝文類聚·》:婦人曰:向蓍薪,亡吾簪,是以哀也。
通典·靈星》:舞象教田,初為芟除,次耕種,次耘耨、驅爵及穫、舂簸之形,象成功也。
意林》:宫人得戟,則以葵。
三國演義》:民因兵至,逃避在外,不敢麥。
廣韻·》:說文》云:草也,俗作蒭亦姓出何氏姓苑。
孝經注疏·庶人章》:云「舉事順時,此用天之道也」者,謂舉農畝之事,順四時之氣,春生則耕種,夏長則耘苗,秋收則穫,冬藏則入廩也。

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