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Chinese Text Project

U+525B

Seal script

Jinwen

Jiaguwen

Jianbo

Simplified character
𠇙
Semantic variant
𠇝
Semantic variant
𠜛
Semantic variant

Radical:+ 8 strokes = 10 strokes total.
References:Guangyun: p.180#14 Kangxi: p.141#11 Cihai: p.186r1c03 GSR: 697.b Hanyu: v1,p0344#10
Composition:Left: , right: . Component of: 𡬼 𪮚 𭡺 𬌧 𠠊 𫅙 𮢪
Mandarin:gāng ㄍㄤ
Cantonese:gong1
Tang reconstruction:gɑng
Shuowen:刀部》剛:彊斷也。从刀岡聲。
Guangyun:廣韻·下平聲··》剛:強也。
Kangxi:康熙字典·刀部·》剛:〔古文〕𠜛𠇝𠇙《唐韻》古郞切《集韻》《韻會》《正韻》居郞切,𠀤音岡。《說文》彊斷也。从刀,岡聲。《增韻》堅也,勁也。《易·乾卦》大哉乾乎,剛健中正。《司馬光·潛虛》剛,天之道也。又作㓻。《史記·樂書》而民㓻毅。
Fanqie:古郎 (《廣韻·下平聲··》)
Unihan definition:hard, tough, rigid, strong

Example usage

論語·公冶長》:子曰:「吾未見者。」
The Master said, "I have not seen a firm and unbending man."
孟子·公孫丑上》:其為氣也,至大至,以直養而無害,則塞于天地之閒。
This is the passion-nature: It is exceedingly great, and exceedingly strong. Being nourished by rectitude, and sustaining no injury, it fills up all between heaven and earth.
禮記·表記》:外事用日,內事用柔日。
(In divining) about external affairs they used the odd days; and for internal affairs, the even.
揚子法言》:公儀子、董仲舒之才之邵也,使見善不明,用心不,儔克爾?
Even with the perfection of Gong Yizi and Dong Zhongshu's talents, if they had not distinguished the good clearly, and if they had not used a steadfast mind, then how could they have so prevailed?
莊子·在宥》:人心排下而進上,上下囚殺,淖約柔乎強。
The mind, if pushed about, gets depressed; if helped forward, it gets exalted. Now exalted, now depressed, here it appears as a prisoner, and there as a wrathful fury. (At one time) it becomes pliable and soft, yielding to what is hard and strong.
道德經》:柔弱勝強。
The soft overcomes the hard; and the weak the strong.
商君書·墾令》:重刑而連其罪,則褊急之民不鬥,很之民不訟,怠惰之民不游,費資之民不作,巧諛惡心之民無變也。
If penalties are made heavy and relations are involved in the punishments, petty and irascible people will not quarrel, intractable and stubborn people will not litigate, slothful and lazy people will not idle, those who waste their substance will not thrive, and those of evil heart, given to flattery, will bring about no change.
史記·五帝本紀》:以夔為典樂,教稚子,直而溫,寬而栗,而毋虐,簡而毋傲。
And made Kui director of music and teacher of youth. 'Be straightforward' (he added) 'and yet mild; lenient and yet stern; firm, yet not tyrannical; impetuous, yet not arrogant.'
荀子·大略》:咸、感也,以高下下,以男下女,柔上而下。
說苑·談叢》:善不逆旅,非仁義武無以定天下。
春秋繁露·離合根》:為人臣者法地之道,暴其形,出其情以示人,高下、險易、堅耍、柔、肥、美惡,累可就財也。
韓詩外傳·卷一》:哉!
大戴禮記·千乘》:辨輕重,制柔,和五味,以節食時事。
白虎通德論·禮樂》:聞啇聲,莫不斷而立事者。
新書·道術》:柔得適謂之和,反和為乖。
新序·節士》:君子曰:「譚夫吾其以失士矣,張胥鄙亦為未得也,可謂勇矣,未可謂得節也。」
中論·貴驗》:水之寒也,火之熱也,金石之堅也,此數物未嘗有言,而人莫不知其然者,信著乎其體也。
孔子家語·三恕》:又嘗聞君子之言志矣,折不終,徑易者則數傷,浩倨者則不親,就利者則無不敝。
潛夫論·考績》:富者乘其材力,貴者阻其勢要,以錢多為賢,以彊為上。
論衡·幸偶》:飯之熟也,柔殊和。
太玄經·》:陽氣能能柔,能作能休,見難而縮。
風俗通義》:風者、天氣有寒煖,地形有險易,水泉有美惡,草木有柔也。
孔叢子·抗志》:順子之性也,子性惟太而傲不肖,且又無所死亡,非人臣也。
申鑒·政體》:立地之道,曰柔與
新語·輔政》:故懷者久而缺,持柔者久而長,躁疾者為厥速,遲重者為常存,尚勇者為悔近,溫厚者行寬舒,懷促急者必有所虧,柔懦者制強,小慧者不可以禦大,小辯者不可以說眾,商賈巧為販賣之利,而屈為貞良,邪臣好為詐偽,自媚飾非,而不能為公方,藏其端巧,逃其事功。
獨斷·卷上》:凡祭宗廟禮牲之別名:牛曰一元大武,豕曰鬣,豚曰腯肥,羊曰柔毛,雞曰翰音,犬曰羹獻,雉曰疏趾,兔曰明視。
蔡中郎集·獨斷》:凡祭宗廟禮牲之別名:牛曰一元大武,豕曰鬣,豚曰腯肥,羊曰柔毛,雞曰翰音,犬曰羹獻,雉曰疏趾,兔曰明視。
列子·天瑞》:萬物之宜,非柔則:此皆隨所宜而不能出所位者也。
文子·道原》:夫道者,高不可極,深不可測,苞裹天地,稟受無形,原流泏泏,沖而不盈,濁以靜之徐清,施之無窮,無所朝夕,表之不盈一握,約而能張,幽而能明,柔而能,含陰吐陽,而章三光
文始真經·九藥》:斯折矣。
老子河上公章句》:天地有形位、有陰陽、有柔,是其有名也。
韓非子·十過》:鮑叔牙為人,愎而上悍。
申不害·大體》:者折,危者覆,動者搖,靜者安。
管子·地員》:怷土之次曰五躖,五躖之狀,彊力堅,其種大邯鄲,細邯鄲。
孫子兵法·九地》:柔皆得,地之理也。
吳子·圖國》:其名又有五:一曰義兵,二曰彊兵,三曰兵,四曰暴兵,五曰逆兵。
六韜·明傳》:柔而靜,恭而敬,強而弱,忍而,此四者,道之所起也。
三略·上略》:軍讖曰:柔能制,弱能制強。
淮南子·道應訓》:可以柔,可以
呂氏春秋·貴信》:冬之德寒,寒不信,其地不,地不則凍閉不開。
鬼谷子·捭闔》:變化無窮,各有所歸,或陰或陽,或柔或,或開或閉,或弛或張。

You can examine all occurrences of this character or phrase in Pre-Qin and Han texts or Post-Han texts on the site.


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