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Chinese Text Project

U+5317

Seal script

Jinwen

Jiaguwen

Jianbo

Alternate form
𧉥
Semantic variant

Radical:+ 3 strokes = 5 strokes total.
References:Guangyun: p.530#19 Kangxi: p.152#25 Cihai: p.203r2c02 GSR: 909.a Hanyu: v1,p0262#04
Composition:Component of: 𨸾 𪜜 𠛙 𫩡 𭇑 𠦞 𢫣 𮤱 𢘠 𤘿 𪟪 𢂖 𣌫 𭥣 𤤘 [More]
Mandarin:běi bèi ㄅㄟˇ ㄅㄟˋ
Cantonese:baak1 bak1
Tang reconstruction:*bək
Shuowen:北部》北:𦮃也。从二人相背。凡北之屬皆从北。
Guangyun:廣韻·入聲··》北:南北亦奔也,又髙麗姓又漢複姓七氏左傳衞大夫北宫貞子莊子有北門成漢有北唐子眞治京氏易丗本云晉有髙人隱於北唐因以爲氏晏子云齊有北郭先生名騷古有北人無擇清身絜己疾丗之濁自投淸冷之淵姓苑有北郷北野氏。博墨切,二。
Kangxi:康熙字典·匕部·》北:〔古文〕𧉥《唐韻》博墨切《集韻》《韻會》必墨切《正韻》必勒切,𠀤綳入聲。《說文》乖也。从二人相背。《徐曰》乖者,相背違也。《史記·魯仲連傳》士無反北之心。《玉篇》方名。《史記·天官書》北方水,太隂之精,主冬,曰壬癸。《前漢·律歷志》太隂者北方。北,伏也。陽氣伏于下,于時爲冬。又《廣韻》奔也。《史記·管仲傳》吾三戰三北。又《集韻》補妹切《韻會》蒲妹切,𠀤音背。《集韻》違也。《正韻》分異也。《·舜典》分北三苗。《註》分其頑梗,使背離也。
Fanqie:博墨 (《廣韻·入聲··》)
Unihan definition:north; northern; northward

CTP Dictionary


běi ㄅㄟˇ (1.1): 與「南」相對的方向。 North.
詩經·何人斯》:胡不自、胡不自南。
Why came he not from the north? Or why not from the south?
春秋左傳》:東至于海,西至于河,南至于穆陵,至于無棣。
běi ㄅㄟˇ (1.2): 向北,往北。 Go northwards.
史記·高祖本紀》:漢王引諸侯兵,示魯父老項羽頭,魯乃降。
春秋左傳》:楚將師,子囊曰:「新與晉盟而背之,無乃不可乎?」
běi ㄅㄟˇ (2.1): 敗走,敗逃。 Flee in defeat.
běi ㄅㄟˇ (2.2): 打了敗仗往回逃跑的軍隊。 Retreating army.
商君書·戰法》:故兵法:「大戰勝,逐無過十里。」
Therefore does the "Art of War" say: 'In a big battle, in the event of victory, pursue the fugitives not further than 10 li.'
bèi ㄅㄟˋ (3): 「背」的古字:相背,背離。 Deviate, depart from.

北辰
běi chén ㄅㄟˇ ㄔㄣˊ : 北極星。 North polar star.
論語·為政》:子曰:「為政以德,譬如北辰,居其所而眾星共之。」
The Master said, "He who exercises government by means of his virtue may be compared to the north polar star, which keeps its place and all the stars turn towards it."
史記·孝景本紀》:熒惑逆行,守北辰
墨子閒詁·非命上》:《周禮大司徒》云「日東則景夕,日西則景朝」,《司儀》云「凡行人之儀,不朝不夕」,《考工記匠人》云「晝參諸日中之景,夜考之極星,以正朝夕」,《晏子春秋·雜篇》云「古之立國者,南望南斗,北戴樞星,彼安有朝夕哉」,《春秋繁露·深察名號》篇云「正朝夕者視北辰
春秋繁露·觀德》:故受命而海內順之,猶眾星之共北辰,流水之宗滄海也。
爾雅·釋天》:北極謂之北辰
楚辭·遠遊》:淩驚雷以軼駭電兮,綴鬼谷於北辰
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