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Chinese Text Project
Simplified Chinese version

U+537F

Seal script

Jinwen

Jianbo

Radical:+ 9 strokes = 11 strokes total.
References:Guangyun: p.186#35 Kangxi: p.160#08 Cihai: p.228r2c01 GSR: 714.o Hanyu: v1,p0318#03
Composition:Component of: 𦺄 𬁋 𣛬 𮬐
Mandarin:qīng ㄑㄧㄥ
Cantonese:hing1
Tang reconstruction:*kiæng
Shuowen:卯部》卿:章也。六卿:天官冢宰、地官司徒、春官宗伯、夏官司马、秋官司寇、冬官司空。从卯皀声。
Guangyun:广韵·下平声··》卿:《说文》章也,公卿春秋汉含孳曰三公象五岳九卿法河海三公法三台九卿法北斗。《释名》云:汉置十二卿正卿九太常光禄衞尉太仆廷尉鸿胪宗正司农少府又姓风俗通云赵相虞卿之后。去京切,一。
Kangxi:康熙字典·卩部·》卿:《唐韵》去京切《集韵》《韵会》《正韵》丘京切,𠀤音轻。《说文》章也。从𠨍皀声。《徐曰》章善明理也。又向也。言爲人所归向也。《礼·王制》大国三卿,小国二卿。《仪礼疏》诸侯兼官,但有三卿:司徒兼冢宰、司马兼春官、司空兼秋官。《玉篇》汉置正卿九:太常、光禄、太仆、衞尉、延尉、鸿胪、宗正、司农、少府。《晋书·百官志》古者,天子诸侯皆名执政大臣曰正卿,自周后始有三公九卿之号。又《韵会》秦汉以来,君呼臣以卿。《正韵》君呼臣爲卿,盖期之以卿也。又《韵会》凡敌体相呼亦爲卿,盖贵之也。隋唐以来,侪辈下已,则称卿,故宋璟卿呼张易之。又《前汉·项籍传》号爲卿子冠军。《注》文颖曰:卿子,时人相褒尊之称,犹言公子也。又姓。《风俗通》虞卿之后。
Fanqie:去京 (《广韵·下平声··》)
Unihan definition:noble, high officer

Example usage

论语·子罕》:子曰:“出则事公,入则事父兄,丧事不敢不勉,不为酒困,何有于我哉?”
The Master said, "Abroad, to serve the high ministers and nobles; at home, to serve one's father and elder brothers; in all duties to the dead, not to dare not to exert one's self; and not to be overcome of wine - which one of these things do I attain to?"
孟子·告子下》:夫子在三之中,名实未加于上下而去之,仁者固如此乎?
You, master, were ranked among the three chief ministers of the State, but before your fame and services had reached either to the prince or the people, you have left your place. Is this indeed the way of the benevolent?
礼记·缁衣》:叶公之顾命曰:‘毋以小谋败大作,毋以嬖御人疾庄后,毋以嬖御士疾庄士、大夫、士。’
The duke of She in his dying charge said, "Do not by little counsels ruin great enterprises; do not for the sake of a favourite concubine provoke queen Zhuang; do not for the sake of a favourite officer provoke your grave officers - the Great officers or high ministers."
孝经·卿大夫》:、大夫之孝也。
This is the filial piety of high ministers and great officers.
扬子法言·》:仲尼以来,国君将相,士名臣,参差不齐,一概诸圣,撰《重黎》。
Since the time of Confucius, rulers of kingdoms, generals, chancellors, ministers, gentlemen, and famous officials have been variously and non-uniformly judged. I have uniformly judged them by the standards of the sage. Thus, I have written "Zhong and Li."
墨子·尚同下》:诸侯又以其知力为未足独治其四境之内也,是以选择其次立为之宰。
Conscious of the insufficiency of his power alone to govern all that were within his four borders, the feudal lord in turn selected his next best and commissioned them ministers and secretaries.
商君书·赏刑》:相将军以至大夫庶人,有不从王令,犯国禁,乱上制者,罪死不赦。
But that from ministers of state and generals down to great officers and ordinary folk, whosoever does not obey the king's commands, violates the interdicts of the state, or rebels against the statutes fixed by the ruler, should be guilty of death and should not be pardoned.
史记·夏本纪》:将战,作甘誓,乃召六申之。
Just before the engagement the speech at Gan was delivered to the six generals, who were summoned together.
荀子·大略》:有国之君不息牛羊,错质之臣不息鸡豚,冢不修币,大夫不为场园,从士以上皆羞利而不与民争业,乐分施而耻积藏。
说苑·君道》:入其国则见其士大夫让为公
春秋繁露·玉杯》:问者曰:人弑其君,重在而弗能讨者,非一国也。
韩诗外传·卷一》:亲没之后,齐迎以相,楚迎以令尹,晋迎以上,方是之时,曾子重其身而轻其禄。
大戴礼记·千乘》:设如大门,大门显美,小大尊卑中度。
白虎通德论·》:公、、大夫者,何谓也?
新书·大政下》:故万人之吏,选相焉。
新序·善谋下》:夫武臣、张耳、陈馀杖马策,下赵数十城,此亦各欲南面而王,岂为相哉?
中论·贵言》:曰:“礼恭、然后可与言道之方,辞顺、然后可与言道之理,色从、然后可与言道之致。”
孔子家语·致思》:行忠于大夫,则仕可也。
潜夫论·贤难》:夫体至行仁义,据南面师尹士,且犹不能无难,然则夫子削迹,叔向缧绁,屈原放沈,贾谊贬黜,锺离废替,何敞束缚,王章抵罪,平阿斥逐,盖其轻士者也。
论衡·命禄》:蔡泽之说范雎,拜为客
太玄经·太玄莹》:一辟、三公、九、二十七大夫、八十一元士,少则制众,无则治有,玄术莹之。
风俗通义·六国》:韩厥因卜者之繇,陈成季之功,绍赵氏之孤,建程婴之义,为晋名,寔天所相。
孔丛子·抗志》:君出言皆自以为是,而大夫莫敢矫其非。
申鉴·时事》:二曰公不拘为郡,二千石不拘为县。
新语·资质》:夫楩楠豫章、天下之名木,生于深山之中,产于溪谷之傍,立则为太山众木之宗,仆则为万世之用,浮于山水之流,出于冥冥之野,因江、河之道,而达于京师之下,因于斧斤之功,舒其文彩之好,精捍直理,密致博通,䖝蝎不能穿,水湿不能伤,在高柔软,入地坚强,无膏泽而光润生,不克画而文章成,上为帝王之御物,下则赐公,庶贱不得以备器械。
独断·卷上》:刺史太守相劾奏申下上迁书文亦如之,其徵为九,若迁京师,近臣则言官具言姓名,其免若得罪无姓。
蔡中郎集·独断》:公侯三梁,大夫、尚书、博士两梁,千石、六百石以下一梁。
鲁胜墨辩注叙》:、庄周等皆非毁名家,而不能易其论也。
列子·天瑞》:国君大夫眎之,犹众庶也。
文子·自然》:一人之明,不能遍照海内,故立三公九以辅翼之。
列仙传·朱璜》:丘怜之,言:“除腹中三尸,有真人之业可度教也。”
鬻子》:故万人之吏撰相矣。
韩非子·十过》:由余归,因谏戎王,戎王弗听,由余遂去之秦,秦穆公迎而拜之上,问其兵势与其地形,既以得之,举兵而伐之,兼国十二,开地千里。
管子·轻重己》:以秋日至始,数四十六日,秋尽而冬始,天子服黑絻黑而静处,朝诸侯大夫列士,循于百姓,发号出令曰:“毋行大火,毋斩大山,毋塞大水,毋犯天之隆”,天子之冬禁也。
淮南子·主术训》:古者天子听朝,公正谏,博士诵诗,瞽箴师诵,庶人传语,史书其过,宰彻其膳。
吕氏春秋·原乱》:故献公听骊姬,近梁五、优施,杀太子申生,而大难随之者五,三君死,一君虏,大臣士之死者以百数,离咎二十年。
尹文子·大道上》:游于诸侯之朝,皆志为大夫,而不拟于诸侯者,名限之也。
春秋左传》:九月,纪裂繻来逆女,为君逆也。
逸周书·周书序》:文王士,谂发教禁戒,作文开。
国语·楚语下》:诸侯舍日,大夫舍曰,士、庶人舍时。
晏子春秋》:戎马不驾,无军行,公乘无人,卒列无长。

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