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Chinese Text Project

U+53CB

Seal script

Jinwen

Jiaguwen

Jianbo

Semantic variant
𠬺
Semantic variant
𦐮
Semantic variant
𦐯
Semantic variant
𦫹
Semantic variant

Radical:+ 2 strokes = 4 strokes total.
References:Guangyun: p.321#10 Kangxi: p.165#06 Cihai: p.233r6c04 GSR: 995.e Hanyu: v1,p0391#01
Composition:Top-left: 𠂇, bottom-right: . Component of: 𭆙 𡛀 𡵢 𢇬 𬁡 𦙓 𠭅 𭺿 𥁊 𩙥 𠝊 𦐓 𨳧 𮣹 𪰯 [More]
Mandarin:yǒu ㄧㄡˇ
Cantonese:jau5
Tang reconstruction:hiǒu
Shuowen:又部》友:同𢖽為友。从二又。相交友也。
Guangyun:廣韻·上聲··》友:朋友同志爲友。
Kangxi:康熙字典·又部·》友:〔古文〕㕛𠬺𦐮𦫹𦐯《唐韻》云久切《集韻》《韻會》《正韻》云九切,𠀤音有。《說文》同志爲友。《禮·儒行》儒有合志同方,營道同術,𠀤立則樂,相下不厭,久不相見,聞流言不信,其行本方立,義同而進,不同而退,其交友有如此者。又善于兄弟爲友。《書·君𨻰》惟孝友于兄弟。又凡氣類合同者皆曰友。《司馬光·潛虛》醜,友也。天地相友,萬彙以生。日月相友,羣倫以明。風雨相友,艸木以榮。君子相友,道德以成。又《韻補》叶羽軌切,音洧。《前漢·禮樂志天馬歌》體容與,迣萬里,今安匹,龍爲友。
Fanqie:云久 (《廣韻·上聲··》)
Unihan definition:friend, companion; fraternity

Example usage

論語·學而》:與朋交而不信乎?
Whether, in intercourse with friends, I may have been not sincere.
孟子·萬章下》:孟子謂萬章曰:「一鄉之善士,斯一鄉之善士。」
Mencius said to Wan Zhang, 'The scholar whose virtue is most distinguished in a village shall make friends of all the virtuous scholars in the village.'
孝經·諫諍》:士有爭,則身不離於令名。
If an inferior officer had a friend who would remonstrate with him, a good name would not cease to be connected with his character.
揚子法言》:學以治之,思以精之,朋以磨之,名譽以崇之,不倦以終之,可謂好學也已矣。
Studying in order to cultivate it, thinking in order to refine it, making friends in order to polish it, achieving fame in order to venerate it, being untiring in order to finish it: this can be referred to as loving to learn.
莊子·養生主》:弟子曰:「非夫子之邪?」
The disciples said to him, 'Were you not a friend of the Master?'
商君書·禁使》:故至治,夫妻交不能相為棄惡蓋非,而不害於親,民人不能相為隱。
Therefore, in a condition of complete good government, husband and wife and friends cannot abandon each other's evil, cover up wrong-doing and not cause harm to relatives; nor can the men from the people mutually conceal each other from their superiors and government servants.
史記·五帝本紀》:舉八元,使布五教于四方,父義,母慈,兄,弟恭,子孝,內平外成。
He also raised the right virtuous ones to office, employing them to spread throughout the country a knowledge of the duties pertaining to the five social relationships, for fathers became just, mothers loving, elder brothers sociable, younger ones respectful, and children dutiful; within the empire there was peace, and beyond it submission.
禮記·緇衣》:故君子之朋有鄉,其惡有方。
荀子·大略》:君人者不可以不慎取臣,匹夫不可不慎取
說苑·脩文》:大夫士庶人稱其父曰:「某之父,某之師,使其執不珍之屨,不珍之束脩,敢不敬禮某氏貞女。」
韓詩外傳·卷一》:傳曰:不仁之至忽其親,不忠之至倍其君,不信之至欺其
大戴禮記·主言》:孔子曰:「上敬老則下益孝,上順齒則下益悌,上樂施則下益諒,上親賢則下擇,上好德則下不隱,上惡貪則下恥爭,上強果則下廉恥,民皆有別,則貞、則正,亦不勞矣,此謂七教。」
白虎通德論·五行》:何法?
新書·大政下》:交接之道,不過於為身,故不肖者之為身也,不可以接
新序·節士》:原憲曳杖拖履,行歌商頌而反,聲滿天地,如出金石,天子不得而臣也,諸侯不得而也。
中論·治學》:學者、心之白日也,故先王立教官,掌教國子,教以六德,曰智、仁、聖、義、中、和,教以六行,曰孝、、睦、婣、任、恤。
孔子家語·三恕》:士有爭,不行不義。
潛夫論·論榮》:、賢弟也,而慶父淫亂。
論衡·累害》:凡人操行,不能慎擇同心恩篤,異心踈薄,踈薄怨恨,毀傷其行,一累也。
太玄經·》:測曰,「翕其羽」、朋助也。
風俗通義·六國》:豈不欲往,畏我朋。
孔叢子·論書》:孔子曰:「吾有四焉。」
素書·求人之志章》:親仁直,所以扶顛。
新語·道基》:故虐行則怨積,德布則功興,百姓以德附,骨肉以仁親,夫婦以義合,朋以義信,君臣以義序,百官以義承,曾、閔以仁成大孝,伯姬以義建至貞,守國者以仁堅固,佐君者以義不傾,君以仁治,臣以義平,鄉黨以仁恂恂,朝廷以義便便,美女以貞顯其行,烈士以義彰其名,陽氣以仁生,陰節以義降,《鹿鳴》以仁求其群,《關雎》以義鳴其雄,《春秋》以仁義貶絕,《詩》以仁義存亡,《乾》、《坤》以仁和合,《八卦》以義相承,《書》以仁敘九族,君臣以義制忠,《禮》以仁盡節,樂以禮升降。
蔡中郎集·正交論》:蓋朋之道,有義則合,無義則離。
墨子·經說下》:富商也,是以名視人也。
列子·黃帝》:列子師老商氏,伯高子。
鶡冠子·博選》:故帝者與師處,王者與處,亡主與徒處。
文子·道德》:三皇五帝輕天下,細萬物,齊死生,同變化,抱道推誠,以鏡萬物之情,上與道為,下與化為人。
文始真經·三極》:賢愚心愈明,則不交。
列仙傳·介子推》:出翼霸君,處契玄
老子河上公章句》:修之於家,其德乃餘,修道於家,父慈子孝,兄弟順,夫信妻貞。
韓非子·飾邪》:荊恭王與晉厲公戰於鄢陵,荊師敗,恭王傷,酣戰而司馬子反渴而求飲,其豎穀陽奉卮酒而進之,子反曰:「去之,此酒也。」
管子·輕重乙》:武王問於癸度曰:「賀獻不重,身不親於君,左右不足,不善於群臣,故不欲收穡戶籍而給左右之用,為之有道乎?」
公孫龍子·跡府》:尹文曰:『今有人於此,事君則忠,事親則孝,交則信,處鄉則順,有此四行,可謂士乎?』
吳子·圖國》:曰:『寡人聞之,世不絕聖,國不乏賢,能得其師者王,得其者霸。』
尉繚子·戰威》:使什伍如親戚,卒伯如朋
淮南子·齊俗訓》:五帝三王,輕天下,細萬物,齊死生,同變化,抱大聖之心,以鏡萬物之情,上與神明為,下與造化為人。
呂氏春秋·壹行》:先王所惡,無惡於不可知,不可知則君臣、父子、兄弟、朋、夫妻之際敗矣。
鬼谷子·內揵》:或結以道德,或結以黨,或結以財貨,或結以采色。
春秋左傳》:及於寬政,赦其不閑於教訓,而免於罪戾,弛於負擔,君之惠也,所獲多矣,敢辱高位,以速官謗,請以死告,詩云,翹翹車乘,招我以弓,豈不欲往,畏我朋,使為工正,飲桓公酒,樂,公曰,以火繼之,辭曰,臣卜其晝,未卜其夜,不敢,君子曰,酒以成禮,不繼以淫,義也,以君成禮,弗納於淫,仁也,初,懿氏卜妻敬仲,其妻占之曰吉,是謂鳳皇于飛,和鳴鏘鏘,有媯之後,將育于姜,五世其昌,並于正卿,八世之後,莫之與京,陳厲公,蔡出也,故蔡人殺五父而立之,生敬仲,其少也,周史有以周易見陳侯者,陳侯使筮之,遇觀之否,曰,是謂觀國之光,利用賓于王,此其代陳有國乎,不在此,其在異國,非此其身,在其子孫,光遠而自他有耀者也,坤,土也,巽,風也,乾,天也,風為天於土上,山也,有山之材,而照之以天光,於是乎居土上,故曰,觀國之光,利用賓于王,庭實旅百,奉之以玉帛,天地之美具焉,故曰,利用賓于王,猶有觀焉,故曰,其在後乎,風行而著於土,故曰其在異國乎,若在異國,必姜姓也,姜,大嶽之後也,山嶽則配天,物莫能兩大,陳衰,此其昌乎,及陳之初亡也,陳桓子始大於齊,其後亡也,成子得政。

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