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Chinese Text Project
Simplified Chinese version

U+53CD

Seal script

Jinwen

Jianbo
𠬡
Semantic variant

Radical:+ 2 strokes = 4 strokes total.
References:Guangyun: p.114#53 p.281#8 Kangxi: p.165#19 Cihai: p.234r1c02 GSR: 262.a Hanyu: v1,p0391#03
Composition:Top-left: 𠂆, bottom-right: . Component of: 𠨹 𠠻 𡯘 𢇪 𮟬 𢓉 𠯘 𡊃 [More]
Mandarin:fǎn fān ㄈㄢˇ ㄈㄢ
Cantonese:faan1 faan2
Tang reconstruction:*biæ̌n
Shuowen:又部》反:覆也。从又,厂反形。
Guangyun:广韵·上平声··》反:断狱平反。又方晚切。
广韵·上声··》反:反覆又不顺也。府逺切,六。
Kangxi:康熙字典·又部·》反:〔古文〕𠬡《唐韵》府远切《集韵》《韵会》甫远切,𠀤音返。《说文》覆也。从又,厂。《·周颂》福禄来反。《注》言福禄之来,反覆不厌也。又《前汉·𨻰胜传》使者五反。《注》师古曰:反,谓回还也。又《唐韵》《集韵》《韵会》孚袁切《正韵》孚艰切,𠀤音幡。《广韵》断狱平反。《韵会》录囚平反之,谓举活罪人也。《增韵》理正幽枉也。《前汉·食货志》杜周治之,狱少反者。《注》反,音幡。又通作翻。《前汉·张安世传》反水浆。又《集韵》《韵会》𠀤部版切,翻上声。《集韵》难也。《·小雅》威仪反反。沈重读。又《集韵》方愿切,音贩。难也。《·小雅》威仪反反。毛苌说。一曰顺习貌。又《正韵》贩亦作反。《荀子·儒效篇》积反货而爲商贾。又《集韵》孚万切,音娩。覆也。
Fanqie:孚𡊮 (《广韵·上平声··》) 方晚 (《广韵·上平声··》) 府逺 (《广韵·上声··》)
Unihan definition:reverse, opposite, contrary, anti

CTP Dictionary


fǎn ㄈㄢˇ (1): 翻转过来。 Turn over.
孟子·公孙丑上》:曰:“以齐王,由手也。”
Mencius answered, 'To raise Qi to the royal dignity would be as easy as it is to turn round the hand.'
fǎn ㄈㄢˇ (2): 颠倒。 Opposite, other way around.
论语·颜渊》:小人是。
The mean man does the opposite of this.
荀子·不苟》:君子小人之也:君子大心则敬天而道,小心则畏义而节
fǎn ㄈㄢˇ (3): 违反,违背。 Violate, go against.
春秋左传》:时为灾,地物为妖,民德为乱。
国语·周语下》:言爽,日其信。
fǎn ㄈㄢˇ (4): 反叛,造反。 Rebel, mutiny.
史记·高祖本纪》:十月,燕王臧荼,攻下代地。
汉书·文三王传》:其春,吴、楚、齐、赵七国,先击梁棘壁,杀数万人。
fǎn ㄈㄢˇ (5.1): 后作“返”:返回,回到。 Return, go back to.
孟子·公孙丑下》:孟子自齐葬于鲁,于齐,止于嬴。
Mencius went from Qi to Lu to bury his mother. On his return to Qi, he stopped at Ying, where
史记·赵世家》:君子讥盾“为正卿,亡不出境,不讨贼”
春秋左传》:亡不越竟,不讨贼。
国语·齐语》:桓公自莒于齐,使鲍叔为宰,辞曰:“臣,君之庸臣也。”
管子·小匡》:桓公自莒于齐,使鲍叔牙为宰,鲍叔辞曰:“臣,君之庸臣也,君有加惠于其臣,使臣不冻饥,则是君之赐也,若必治国家,则非臣之所能也,其唯管夷吾乎!”
春秋谷梁传》:史狐曰:“子为正卿,入谏不听,出亡不远,君弑,不讨贼则志同,志同则书重,非子而谁?”
fǎn ㄈㄢˇ (5.2): 后作“返”:往返,来回。 Go and return.
史记·吕太后本纪》:使者三,赵相建平侯周昌谓使者曰:“高帝属臣赵王,赵王年少。”
战国策》:梁使三,孟尝君固辞不往也。
fǎn ㄈㄢˇ (5.3): 后作“返”:送还。 Return, give back.
春秋左传》:公子受飧璧。
国语·齐语》:管子对曰:“审吾疆埸,而其侵地。”
列女传·曹僖氏妻》:负羁乃遗之壶飡,加璧其上,公子受飡璧。
fǎn ㄈㄢˇ (6): 重复。 Repeat, do again.
论语·述而》:子与人歌而善,必使之,而后和之。
When the Master was in company with a person who was singing, if he sang well, he would make him repeat the song, while he accompanied it with his own voice.
fǎn ㄈㄢˇ (7): 类推。 Reason by analogy.
论语·述而》:子曰:“不愤不启,不悱不发,举一隅不以三隅,则不复也。”
The Master said, "I do not open up the truth to one who is not eager to get knowledge, nor help out any one who is not anxious to explain himself. When I have presented one corner of a subject to any one, and he cannot from it learn the other three, I do not repeat my lesson."
fǎn ㄈㄢˇ (8): 反思,反省。 Reflect, consider.
淮南子·泛论训》:纣居于宣室,而不其过,而悔不诛文王于羑里。
fǎn ㄈㄢˇ (9): 报复。 Revenge.
孟子·公孙丑上》:恶声至,必之。
A bad word addressed to him be always returned.
春秋左传》:公子光曰:是宗为戮,而欲其雠,不可从也。
fǎn ㄈㄢˇ (10): 反切。 Fanqie, an ancient way of specifying character readings.
fǎn ㄈㄢˇ (11): 副词:反而,反倒。 Adverb: rather, on the contrary.
后汉书》:今不同心胆共举功名,欲守妻子财物邪?
fān ㄈㄢ (12): 通“翻”:翻开。 Open.
fān ㄈㄢ (13): 纠正错案。 Correct a mistaken judgement.
fān ㄈㄢ (14): 倾倒。 Pour out.
汉书·张汤传》:为光禄勋,郎有醉小便殿上,主事白行法,安世曰:“何以知其不水浆邪?”
fàn ㄈㄢˋ (15): Same as “販(2)fàn ㄈㄢˋ: 買貨出賣。 To trade goods.
bǎn ㄅㄢˇ (16): 见“反反”。 See "反反".
pàn ㄆㄢˋ (17): 见“反衍”。 See "反衍".

反衍
pàn yǎn ㄆㄢˋ ㄧㄢˇ : 漫衍,变化。 Change, alteration.
庄子·秋水》:北海若曰:“以道观之,何贵何贱,是谓反衍,无拘而志,与道大蹇。”
Ruo of the Northern Sea replied, 'From the standpoint of the Dao, what is noble? and what is mean? These expressions are but the different extremes of the average level. Do not keep pertinaciously to your own ideas, which put you in such opposition to the Dao.'

反侧子
fǎn ㄈㄢˇ ㄘㄜˋ ㄗˇ : 怀有二心的人。 An disloyal or duplicitous person.
后汉书》:光武不省,会诸将军烧之,曰:“令反侧子自安。”

反反
bǎn bǎn ㄅㄢˇ ㄅㄢˇ : 通“反反”:慎重和善的样子。 Careful and kind-hearted.
诗经·宾之初筵》:其未醉止、威仪反反
Before they have drunk too much, Their deportment is carefully observant of propriety.

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