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Chinese Text Project

U+540E

Seal script

Jinwen

Traditional character
Simplified character

Traditional character

Radical:+ 3 strokes = 6 strokes total.
References:Guangyun: p.325#15 p.437#34 Kangxi: p.176#01 Cihai: p.255r4c01 GSR: 112.a Hanyu: v1,p0580#01
Composition:Top-left: 𠂋, bottom-right: . Component of: 𫩲 𡧻 𫝴 𥙐 𪯬 𪲉 𣢨 [More]
Mandarin:hòu ㄏㄡˋ
Cantonese:hau6
Shuowen:后部》后:繼體君也。象人之形。施令以告四方,故厂之。从一、口。發號者,君后也。凡后之屬皆从后。
Guangyun:廣韻·上聲··》后:君也,又姓漢有少府后倉。又音候。
廣韻·去聲·𠋫·𠋫》后:君也,皇后也。
Kangxi:康熙字典·口部·》后:《唐韻》《集韻》《正韻》胡口切《韻會》很口切,𠀤音後。《說文》繼體君也,象人之形。施令以告四方,故之从一,口。發號者,君后也。《·仲虺之誥》徯我后。《易·泰卦》后以財成天地之道。《禮·檀弓》夏后氏堲周。《疏》夏言后者,白虎通云以揖讓受于君,故稱后。又《禮·曲禮》天子有后。《疏》后,後也。言其後于天子,亦以廣後胤也。《白虎通》商以前皆曰妃,周始立后。正嫡曰王后,秦漢曰皇后,漢祖母稱太皇太后,母稱皇太后。又諸侯亦稱后。《·舜典》班瑞于羣后。又古者君稱臣亦曰后。《·舜典》汝后稷,播時百穀。《疏》國語云:稷爲天官,單名爲稷,尊而君之,稱爲后稷。又《畢命》三后協心。《註》謂周公君𨻰畢公也。又《·武成》告于皇天后土。《傳》后土,社也。《左傳·昭二十九年》土正曰后土。《註》土爲羣物主,故稱后也。其祀句龍焉,在家則祀中霤,在野則爲社。《正韻》后土,亦取厚載之義。又姓。《史記·仲尼弟子傳》后處字子里。《前漢·儒林傳》后倉字近君。又與後通。《禮·曲禮》再拜稽首,而后對。又《廣韻》胡遘切《集韻》下遘切《韻會》《正韻》胡茂切,𠀤音𠋫。義同。又叶後五切,音戸。《蔡邕·胡黃二公頌》允兹漢室,誕育二后。曰胡曰黃,方軌齊武。《陸雲·漢高盛德頌》咸陽克殄,旣係秦后。峩峩阿房,乃淸帝宇。○按詩本音云:《周頌》宣哲維人,文武維后,燕及皇天,克昌厥後。后後俱音戸,後人誤入四十五厚韻,故於《唐韻》正中歷引經集証之。然自《玉篇》以後,后在厚韻相沿已久,不得不以後五切爲叶音矣。
Fanqie:胡口 (《廣韻·上聲··》) 胡遘 (《廣韻·去聲·𠋫·𠋫》)
Unihan definition:queen, empress, sovereign; (simp. for ) behind, rear, after

CTP Dictionary

[Show proper names]

Example usage

論語·八佾》:宰我對曰:「夏氏以松,殷人以柏,周人以栗,曰使民戰栗。」
Zai Wo replied, "The Xia sovereign planted the pine tree about them; the men of the Yin planted the cypress; and the men of the Zhou planted the chestnut tree, meaning thereby to cause the people to be in awe."
孟子·萬章上》:孔子曰:『唐虞禪,夏、殷、周繼,其義一也。』
Confucius said, "Tang and Yu resigned the throne to their worthy ministers. The sovereign of Xia and those of Yin and Zhou transmitted it to their sons. The principle of righteousness was the same in all the cases."
禮記·緇衣》:葉公之顧命曰:『毋以小謀敗大作,毋以嬖御人疾莊,毋以嬖御士疾莊士、大夫、卿士。』
The duke of She in his dying charge said, "Do not by little counsels ruin great enterprises; do not for the sake of a favourite concubine provoke queen Zhuang; do not for the sake of a favourite officer provoke your grave officers - the Great officers or high ministers."
揚子法言》:唐、虞象刑惟明,夏肉辟三千,不膠者卓矣!
'Yao and Shun employed symbolic punishments to make the laws clear. During the Xia, the types of corporeal punishments grew to three thousand —they were not glued to the sages' ways, that much is clear!
墨子·經說上》:仳:兩有端而可。
It is possible only if both proceed from a starting-point.
莊子·讓王》:舜以天下讓其友石戶之農,石戶之農曰:「捲捲乎之為人,葆力之士也。」
Shun proposed to resign the throne to his friend, a farmer of Shi-hu. The farmer, however, said (to himself), 'How full of vigor does our lord show himself, and how exuberant is his strength!'
史記·五帝本紀》:舉風、力牧、常先、大鴻以治民。
Appointing 'Chief of the winds,' 'Strength-governor,' 'Everfirst,' and 'Great Swan,' to direct the people
荀子·成相》:稷,五穀殖。
說苑·君道》:當堯之時,舜為司徒,契為司馬,禹為司空,稷為田疇,夔為樂正,倕為工師,伯夷為秩宗,皋陶為大理,益掌敺禽,堯體力便巧不能為一焉,堯為君而九子為臣,其何故也?
韓詩外傳·卷二》:夫闢土殖穀者、稷也,決江流河者,禹也,聽獄執中者,皋陶也,然而聖者,堯也。
大戴禮記·保傅》:青史氏之記曰:「古者胎教,王腹之,七月而就宴室,太史持銅而御戶左,太宰持斗而御戶右。」
白虎通德論·禮樂》:諸公謂三公、二王
新書·勸學》:既遇老聃,噩若慈父,鴈行避景,夔立蛇進,而敢問。
新序·善謀下》:恐,不知所為。
中論·治學》:孔子因於文、武,文、武因於成、湯,成、湯因於夏,夏因於堯、舜。
孔子家語·好生》:周自稷,積行累功,以有爵土,公劉重之以仁。
潛夫論·讚學》:故《志》曰:黃帝師風,顓頊師老彭,帝嚳師祝融,堯師務成,舜師紀,禹師墨如,湯師伊尹,文、武師姜尚,周公師庶秀,孔子師老聃。
論衡·命祿》:迎良醫,醫曰:「可治。」
太玄經·太玄數》:五五為土,為中央,為四維,日戊己,辰辰戍丑未,聲宮,色黃,味甘,臭芳,形殖,生金,勝水,時該,藏心,侟神,性信,情恐懼,事思,用睿,撝聖,徵風,帝黃帝,神土,星從其位,類為其裸,為封,為缾,為宮,為宅,為中霤,為內事,為織,為衣,為裘,為繭,為絮,為床,為薦,為馴,為懷,為腹器,為脂,為漆,為膠,為囊,為包,為輿,為轂,為稼,為嗇,為食,為𡧢,為棺,為犢,為衢,為會,為都,為度,為量,為土工,為弓矢,為黃怪,為愚,為牟。
風俗通義·五伯》:謹按:《春秋左氏傳》:夏太康,娛於耽樂,不循民事,諸侯僣差。
孔叢子·居衛》:周自稷封為王者後,子孫據國。
申鑒·政體》:帝耕籍田,桑蠶宮,國無遊民,野無荒業,財不虛用,力不妄加,以周民事,是謂養生。
忠經·忠諫章》:《書》云:「木從繩則正,從諫則聖。」
新語·道基》:於是稷乃列封彊,畫畔界,以分土地之所宜。
獨斷·卷上》:皇帝、皇、王、帝皆君也。
蔡中郎集·獨斷》:帝偪于順烈梁父大將軍梁冀未得尊其父而崩。
列子·天瑞》:稷生乎巨跡,伊尹生乎空桑。
鶡冠子·近迭》:若此者,北走之日,知命亡。
文子·自然》:昔堯之治天下也,舜為司徒,契為司馬,禹為司空,稷為田疇,奚仲為工師,其導民也,水處者漁,林處者採,谷處者牧,陵處者田,地宜事,事宜其械,械宜其材,皋澤織網,陵坡耕田,如是外民得以所有易所無,以所工易所拙。
老子河上公章句》:燕處,妃所居也。
韓非子·十過》:氏沒,殷人受之,作為大路,而建九旒,食器雕琢,觴酌刻鏤,四壁堊墀,茵席雕文,此彌侈矣,而國之不服者五十三。
慎子·逸文》:孔子云:有虞氏不賞不罰,夏氏賞而不罰,殷人罰而不賞,周人賞且罰。
管子·國准》:之王,燒增藪,焚沛澤,不益民之利。
司馬法·仁本》:乃告于皇天上帝,日月星辰,禱于土四海神祇,山川冢社,乃造于先王。
淮南子·齊俗訓》:氏,其社用松,祀戶,葬牆置翣,其樂夏鑰、九成、六佾、六列、六英,其服尚青。
呂氏春秋·知分》:白圭問於鄒公子夏啟曰:「踐繩之節,四上之志,三晉之事,此天下之豪英。」
尹文子·佚文》:子以我言不信,吾為子先行,子隨我,觀百獸之見我不走乎?
春秋左傳》:祭公來,遂逆王于紀。
逸周書·周書序》:民非罔乂,非民罔與為邦,慎政在微,作周祝。
國語·楚語下》:天子禘郊之事,必自射其牲,王必自舂其粢。
晏子春秋》:》曰:『我無所監,夏及商,用亂之故,民卒流亡。』

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