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Chinese Text Project
Simplified Chinese version

U+5411

Seal script

Jinwen

Jiaguwen

Jianbo

Alternate form
Semantic variant

Traditional character

Radical:+ 3 strokes = 6 strokes total.
References:Guangyun: p.425#5 p.425#28 Kangxi: p.176#04 Cihai: p.256r3c01 GSR: 715.a Hanyu: v1,p0579#08
Composition:Component of: 𫝙 𭕜 𤈍 𣂝 𬂭 𤖽 𫷇 𤵼 𥥩 𧙹 [More]
Mandarin:xiàng ㄒㄧㄤˋ
Cantonese:hoeng3
Tang reconstruction:*xiɑ̀ng
Shuowen:宀部》向:北出牖也。从宀从口。《》曰:“塞向墐户。
Guangyun:广韵·去声··》向:人姓出河内本自有殷宋文公支子向文旰旰孙戍以王父字爲氏。又许亮切。
广韵·去声··》向:对也,䆫也。《说文》曰:北出牖也,从宀口诗云塞向墐户。许亮切,八。
Kangxi:康熙字典·口部·》向:《唐韵》《集韵》《韵会》《正韵》𠀤许亮切,音蠁。《说文》北出牖也。从宀从口。《注》牖所以通人气,故从口。《玉篇》窻也。《·豳风》塞向墐戸。《传》北出牖也。《疏》士虞礼注云:向、牖一名也。北爲寒之备,不塞南窻,故云北出牖也。《广韵》向与向通用。《集韵》亦作𤖽。《正韵》亦作鄕。《礼·明堂位》刮楹达鄕。◎按明堂位注,鄕谓夹戸窻也。每室八窻,爲四达,则凡牖皆名鄕,不独北出牖矣。又《广韵》对也。《战国策》西向事秦。《庄子·秋水篇》望洋向若而叹。又或作向。《·说卦》向明而治。亦作鄕。《礼·明堂位》南鄕而立。又《集韵》趣也。又《韵会》救也。又昔也。《庄子·寓言篇》若向也俯,而今也仰。亦通作鄕。《论语》鄕也,吾见于夫子而问知。又《广韵》《集韵》《韵会》《正韵》𠀤式亮切,音饷。《广韵》姓也。《左传·成五年》诸侯谋复会宋公,使向爲人辞以子灵之难。《释文》向,舒亮反。又《玉篇》地名。《·小雅》皇父孔圣,作都于向。《注》向在东都畿内,今孟州河阳县。《左传·隐十一年》王与郑人向。《注》轵县西有地,名向上。《襄十一年》诸侯会于北林师于向。《注》在𩒛川长社县东北。《后汉·郡国志》𩒛川郡有向鄕。又《集韵》国名。《春秋·隐二年》莒人入向。《注》向,小国也,谯国龙亢县东南有向城。《史记·褚少孙补三皇纪》怡向申莒,皆姜姓之后,汉爲县。《前汉·地理志》沛郡向县。《注》向,故国,姜姓,炎帝后。又《集韵》《正韵》𠀤许两切,音向。《集韵》人字。《左传·襄十一年》晋侯使叔肸告于诸侯。《注》叔肸,叔向也。《释文》向,许文反。《前汉·𠛬法志》作叔向,颜师古:音许两反。又《正韵》古文向字。注详十六画。
考证:〔《左传·襄十一年》晋侯使叔肹告于诸侯。《注》叔肹,叔向也。〕谨照原文两肹字𠀤改肸。
Fanqie:式亮 (《广韵·去声··》) 许亮 (《广韵·去声··》) 许亮 (《广韵·去声··》)
Unihan definition:toward, direction, trend

Example usage

孟子·滕文公上》:昔者孔子没,三年之外,门人治任将归,入揖于子贡,相而哭,皆失声,然后归。
Formerly, when Confucius died, after three vears had elapsed, his disciples collected their baggage, and prepared to return to their several homes. But on entering to take their leave of Zi Gong, as they looked towards one another, they wailed, till they all lost their voices. After this they returned to their homes.
扬子法言》:墙之户,不可胜入矣。
A trail down a mountain ravine cannot be followed to the end; a door facing a wall cannot be entered.
庄子·养生主》:吾入而吊焉,有老者哭之,如哭其子。
When I entered a little ago and expressed my condolences, there were the old men wailing as if they had lost a son.
商君书·君臣》:瞋目扼腕而语勇者得,垂衣裳而谈说者得,迟日旷久积劳私门者得,尊三者,无功而皆可以得,民去农战而为之,或谈议而索之,或事便辟而请之,或以勇争之。
If men with angry eyes, who clench their fists and call themselves brave, are successful; if men in flowing robes, who idly talk, are successful; if men who waste their time and spend their days in idleness, and save their efforts for obtaining benefit through private channels, are successful - if these three kinds of people, though they have no merit, all obtain respectful treatment, then people will leave off farming and fighting and will do this: either they will extort it by discussions and suggestions, or they will ask for it by practising flattery, or they will struggle for it by acts of bravery.
孙子兵法·军争》:故用兵之法,高陵勿,背邱勿逆,佯北勿从,锐卒勿攻,饵兵勿食,归师勿遏,围师必阙,穷寇勿迫,此用兵之法也。
To refrain from intercepting an enemy whose banners are in perfect order, to refrain from attacking an army drawn up in calm and confident array - this is the art of studying circumstances. It is a military axiom not to advance uphill against the enemy, nor to oppose him when he comes downhill. Do not pursue an enemy who simulates flight; do not attack soldiers whose temper is keen. Do not swallow bait offered by the enemy. Do not interfere with an army that is returning home. When you surround an army, leave an outlet free. Do not press a desperate foe too hard. Such is the art of warfare.
荀子·大略》:亲迎之礼,父南而立,子北面而跪,醮而命之:“往迎尔相,成我宗事,隆率以敬先妣之嗣,若则有常。”
说苑·修文》:津人申楫舟中水而运,津人曰:“也,役人固已告矣,夫子不听役人之言也。”
春秋繁露·立元神》:君贵居冥而明其位,处阴而阳。
韩诗外传·卷二》:子路曰:“也,由与巫马期薪于韫丘之下,陈之富人有处师氏者,脂车百乘,觞于韫丘之上,由谓巫马期曰:‘使子无忘子之所知,亦无进子之所能,得此富,终身无复见夫子,子为之乎?’”
大戴礼记·夏小正》:日冬至,阳气至,始动,诸生皆蒙蒙符矣,故麋角陨,记时焉尔。
白虎通德论·》:君降立于阼阶南面,所命北,央由君右执策命之。
新书·礼容语下》:晋叔聘于周,发币大夫,及单靖公。
新序·善谋下》:夫关中左肴函,右陇蜀,沃野千里,南有巴蜀之饶,北有故宛之利,阻三面,守一隅,东制诸侯,诸侯安定,河渭漕挽。
孔子家语·三恕》:子贡观于鲁庙之北堂,出而问于孔子曰:“也,赐观于太庙之堂,未既,辍,还瞻北盖,皆断焉。”
潜夫论·卜列》:商家东入,东入反以为金伐木,则家中精神日战鬭也。
论衡·书虚》:鸟为鸇者以千万数,击鸠蜚去,安可复得?
太玄经·》:测曰,“出谷”“登木”、知方也。
风俗通义·孝文帝》:常见中垒校尉刘,以世俗多传道:孝文皇帝,小生于军,及长大有识,不知父所在,日祭于代东门外。
孔丛子·记义》:见猫方取鼠,欲其得之,故为之音也。
申鉴·杂言下》:曰:‘性情相应,性不独善,情不独恶。’
新语·慎微》:如调心在己,背恶善,不贪于财,不苟于利,分财取宽,服事取劳,此天下易知之道,易行之事也,岂有难哉?
独断·卷上》:亡国之社:古者天子亦取亡国之社以分诸侯,使为社以自儆戒,屋之掩其上使不通天,柴其下使不通地,自与天地绝也,面北阴,示灭亡也。
蔡中郎集·独断》:正月朝贺,三公奉璧上殿,御座北面,太常赞曰:“皇帝为君兴,三公伏,皇帝坐,乃进璧。”
墨子·杂守》:墙外水中,为竹箭,箭尺广二步,箭下于水五寸,杂长短,前外廉三行,外外,内亦内
列子·天瑞》:齐之国氏大富,宋之氏大贫。
文子·符言》:故至德言同赂,事同福,上下一心,无歧道旁见者,退章于邪,开道之于善,而民方矣。
列仙传·马师皇》:后有龙下,之垂耳张口,皇曰:“此龙有病,知我能治。”
老子河上公章句》:万物负阴而抱阳,万物无不负阴而阳,回心而就日。
韩非子·说林下》:因载百金之晋,见叔,曰:“荆王弟在秦,秦不出也,请以百金委叔。”
谏逐客书》:使四君却客而不内,疏士而不用,是使国无富利之实,而秦无强大之名也。
管子·度地》:而下高,即留而不行。
公孙龙子·迹府》:然而王一以为臣,一不以为臣,则之所谓士者,乃非士乎?
六韬·三陈》:太公曰:“日月星辰斗杓,一左一右,一一背,此谓天陈。”
尉缭子·天官》:尉缭子对曰:“刑以伐之,德以守之,非所谓天官时日阴阳背也。”
九章算术·勾股》:甲南出,出门不知步数,邪东北磨邑,适与乙会。
淮南子·道应训》:太清又问于无始曰:“者,吾道于无穷,曰:‘吾弗知之。’”
吕氏春秋·审应》:公子沓相周,申说之而战。
鬼谷子·忤合》:古之善背者,乃协四海,包诸侯忤合之地而化转之,然后以之求合。
邓析子·无厚》:虚言,非所应也。
史记·周本纪》:崇侯虎谮西伯于殷纣曰:“西伯积善累德,诸侯皆之,将不利于帝。”
春秋左传》:夏,五月,莒人入

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