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Chinese Text Project

U+54C9

Seal script

Jinwen

Jianbo

Semantic variant

Radical:+ 6 strokes = 9 strokes total.
References:Guangyun: p.100#29 Kangxi: p.189#08 Cihai: p.270r2c01 GSR: 943.v Hanyu: v1,p0611#07
Composition:Top-right: 𢦏, bottom-left: . Component of: 𭎶 𣈻 𣖋 𦞁 𦳦 𧛷 𠼷 𥯒 𦖱 𭻮 𮛯 𮢜 𩹯 𪃘
Mandarin:zāi ㄗㄞ
Cantonese:zoi1
Shuowen:口部》哉:言之閒也。从口𢦔聲。
Guangyun:廣韻·上平聲··》哉:語助。
Kangxi:康熙字典·口部·》哉:〔古文〕才《唐韻》祖才切《集韻》《韻會》《正韻》將來切,𠀤音栽。《說文》言之閒也。《註》《論語》君子哉若人。是爲閒隔之辭也。《爾雅·釋詁》哉,閒也。又《爾雅·釋詁》哉,始也。《疏》哉者,古文作才。《說文》云才,草木之初也,以聲近,借爲哉始之哉。《·伊訓》朕哉自亳。又《康誥》惟三月哉生魄。又《玉篇》語助。《·堯典》僉曰:於,鯀哉。又《韻會》柳宗元曰:疑辭也。《·益稷》禹曰:兪哉。《註》口然而心不然之辭也。又與材通。《論語》無所取材。《註》古字材哉同。又音載。《·武成》哉生明。《釋文》徐音載。又《·大雅》𨻰錫哉周。《傳》哉,載也。《疏》文王能布𨻰大利,以賜子孫。於是又載行周道,致有天下。哉與載古字通。○按《左傳·宣十五年》昭十年引《》,哉俱作載。又鄭箋云:哉,始也。與毛傳異。又叶將其切,音貲。《·邶風》已焉哉。天實爲之,謂之何哉。又《王風》君子于役,不知其期曷至哉。《說文》本作𠳆。又𢦔。
Fanqie:祖才 (《廣韻·上平聲··》)
Unihan definition:final exclamatory particle

CTP Dictionary


zāi ㄗㄞ (1): 始,開始。 Begin, start.
詩經·文王》:陳錫周、侯文王孫子。
The gifts [of God] to Zhou, Extend to the descendants of king Wen; -
尚書·康誥》:惟三月生魄,周公初基作新大邑于東國洛,四方民大和會。
[On the third month, when the moon began to wane, the duke of Zhou commenced the foundations, and proceeded to build the new great city of Lo, of the eastern states. The people from every quarter assembled in great harmony.
爾雅·釋詁》:初,,首,基,肇,祖,元,胎,俶,落,權,輿,始也。
zāi ㄗㄞ (2.1): 語氣詞:表示感嘆,相當於「啊」。 Modal particle expressing exclamation.
墨子·尚同中》:則此豈刑不善
Can it be that the Punishments are at fault?
論語·八佾》:子曰:「大問!」
The Master said, "A great question indeed!"
孟子·梁惠王下》:王曰:「大言矣!」
'The king said,' A great saying!
莊子·養生主》:
Admirable!
禮記·檀弓上》:孔子在衛,有送葬者,而夫子觀之,曰:「善為喪乎!」
When Confucius was in Wei, there was (a son) following his (father's) coffin to the grave. After Confucius had looked at him, he said, 'How admirably did he manage this mourning rite!'
淮南子·道應訓》:孔子聞之,曰:「夫善!」
zāi ㄗㄞ (2.2): 語氣詞:表示疑問或反詰,相當於「呢」或「嗎」。 Modal particle expressing questioning or a rhetorical question.
墨子·兼愛中》:然則察1此害亦何用生
But whence did these calamities arise.
論語·為政》:大車無輗,小車無軏,其何以行之
How can a large carriage be made to go without the crossbar for yoking the oxen to, or a small carriage without the arrangement for yoking the horses?
孟子·梁惠王上》:民欲與之偕亡,雖有臺池鳥獸,豈能獨樂
The people wished for Jie's death, though they should die with him. Although he had towers, ponds, birds, and animals, how could he have pleasure alone?
禮記·檀弓上》:茍亡矣,斂首足形,還葬,縣棺而封,人豈有非之者
If there be a want of means, let the body be lightly covered from head to foot, and forthwith buried, the coffin being simply let down by means of ropes. Who in such a case will blame the procedure?
公孫龍子·白馬論》:曰:何
[A]: How so?
春秋左傳》:女何以為

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