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Chinese Text Project

U+54ED

Seal script

Jinwen

Radical:+ 7 strokes = 10 strokes total.
References:Guangyun: p.449#61 Kangxi: p.190#25 Cihai: p.276r1c03 GSR: 1203.a Hanyu: v1,p0629#02
Composition:Top: , bottom: . Component of: 𥂍 𬍌 𫬢 𫬣
Mandarin: ㄎㄨ
Cantonese:huk1
Tang reconstruction:*kuk
Shuowen:哭部》哭:哀聲也。从吅,獄省聲。凡哭之屬皆从哭。
Guangyun:廣韻·入聲··》哭:哀聲。空谷切,八。
Kangxi:康熙字典·口部·》哭:《廣韻》《集韻》《韻會》𠀤空谷切,音㲄。《說文》哀聲也。从吅,獄省聲。《徐鍇曰》哭聲繁,故从二口。大聲曰哭,細聲有涕曰泣。《玉篇》哀之發聲。《禮·檀弓》歌于斯,哭于斯。
Fanqie:空谷 (《廣韻·入聲··》)
Unihan definition:weep, cry, wail

Example usage

論語·先進》:顏淵死,子之慟。
When Yan Yuan died, the Master bewailed him exceedingly.
孟子·告子下》:華周、杞梁之妻善其夫,而變國俗。
The wives of Hua Zhou and Qi Liang bewailed their husbands so skilfully, that they changed the manners of the State.
禮記·間傳》:斬衰三升,既虞卒,受以成布六升、冠七升。
The sackcloth with jagged edges (worn at first) was made with 3 sheng, but after the sacrifice of repose when the wailing was over, this was exchanged for a different fabric made with 6 sheng, while the material for the cap was made with 7 sheng.
孝經·喪親》:子曰:「孝子之喪親也,不偯,禮無容,言不文,服美不安,聞樂不樂,食旨不甘,此哀戚之情也。」
The Master said, "When a filial son is mourning for a parent, he wails, but not with a prolonged sobbing. In the movements of ceremony he pays no attention to his appearance. His words are without elegance of phrase. He cannot bear to wear fine clothes. When he hears music, he feels no delight. When he eats a delicacy, he is not conscious of its flavor. Such is the nature of grief and sorrow."
論衡·率性》:是故楊子岐道,墨子練絲也,蓋傷離本,不可復變也。
It is for this reason that Yangzi wept over the by-roads and Mozi over boiled silk. They were sorrowful, because men having gone astray from the right path cannot be transformed any more.
墨子·非攻下》:昔者三苗大亂,天命殛之,日妖宵出,雨血三朝,龍生於廟,犬乎巿,夏冰,地坼及泉,五穀變化,民乃大振。
Anciently, the three Miao tribes were in great confusion. Heaven ordered their destruction. The sun rose at night. It rained blood for three days. Dragons emerged in the temple and dogs cried in the market place. Ice came in summer and earth cracked until water gushed forth. The five grains appeared in mutation. At these, the people were greatly shocked.
莊子·齊物論》:夢飲酒者,旦而泣。
Those who dream of (the pleasures of) drinking may in the morning wail and weep.
荀子·大略》:武王始入殷,表商容之閭,釋箕子之囚,比干之墓,天下鄉善矣。
說苑·辨物》:孔子晨立堂上,聞者聲音甚悲,孔子援琴而鼓之,其音同也。
春秋繁露·王道》:父不子。
韓詩外傳·卷一》:魯公甫文伯死,其母不也。
大戴禮記·禮三本》:三年之不反也,清廟之歌一倡而三歎也,縣一罄而尚拊搏、朱絃而通越也,一也。
白虎通德論·災變》:何以言災有
新書·春秋》:鄒穆公死,鄒之百姓,若失慈父,行三月。
新序·善謀下》:今陛下起豐擊沛,收卒三千人,以之徑往卷蜀漢,定三秦,與項羽大戰七十,小戰四十,使天下民肝腦塗地,父子暴骨中野,不可勝數,泣之聲未絕,傷夷者未收,而欲比隆成康周公之時,臣竊以為不侔矣。
中論·亡國》:絃歌也,如號
孔子家語·致思》:孔子適齊,中路聞者之聲,其音甚哀。
潛夫論·斷訟》:小民守門號啼呼,曾無怵惕慚怍哀矜之意。
太玄經·》:上九,極樂之幾,不移日而悲,則泣之𨲠資。
風俗通義·皇霸》:然而立談者人異,綴文者家舛,斯乃楊朱於岐路,墨翟悲於練素者也。
孔叢子·記義》:其母怒而不,相室諫之。
申鑒·雜言上》:楊朱岐路,所通逼者然也。
新語·明誡》:觀天之化,推演萬事之類,散之於之間,調之以寒暑之節,養之以四時之氣,同之以風雨之化,故絕國異俗,莫不知□□□,樂則歌,哀則,蓋聖人之教所齊一也
蔡中郎集》:洎于永和元年十有二月,當臘之夜,上有聲,其音甚哀,坿居者往聞而怪之,明則登其墓察焉。
列子·周穆王》:飲酒者憂,歌儛者
鶡冠子·王鈇》:莫敢道一旦之善,皆以終身為期,素無失次,故化立而世無邪,化立俗成,少則同儕,長則同友,遊敖同品,祭祀同福,死生同愛,禍災同憂,居處同樂,行作同和,吊賀同雜,泣同哀。
文子·道原》:和陰陽,節四時,調五行,潤乎草木,浸乎金石,禽獸碩大,毫毛潤澤,鳥卵不敗,獸胎不殰,父無喪子之憂,兄無弟之哀,童子不孤,婦人不孀,虹蜺不見,盜賊不行,含德之所致也。
老子河上公章句》:古者戰勝,將軍居喪主禮之位,素服而之,明君子貴德而賤兵,不得以而誅不祥,心不樂之,比於喪也,知後世用兵不已故悲痛之。
韓非子·和氏》:武王薨,文王即位,和乃抱其璞而於楚山之下,三日三夜,泣盡而繼之以血。
管子·小匡》:故卒伍之人,人與人相保,家與家相愛,少相居,長相游,祭祀相福,死喪相恤,禍福相憂,居處相樂,行作相和,泣相哀。
淮南子·齊俗訓》:夫載哀者聞歌聲而泣,載樂者見者而笑。
呂氏春秋·貴直》:狐援出而國三日,其辭曰:「先出也,衣絺紵。」
史記·秦本紀》:行日,百里傒、蹇叔二人之。
春秋左傳》:夏,君氏卒,聲子也,不赴於諸侯,不反于寢,不祔于姑,故不曰薨,不稱夫人,故不言葬,不書姓,為公故,曰君氏。
逸周書·大匡解》:不留日,祭降一等。
國語·越語上》:泣葬埋之,如其子。
晏子春秋》:對曰:「服牛死,夫婦,非骨肉之親也,為其利之大也。」
吳越春秋》:長子死,三年釋吾政,季子死,三月釋吾政,必泣葬埋之,如吾子也。
越絕書·外傳計倪》:故身操死持傷及被兵者,莫不悉於子胥之手,垂涕啼,欲伐而死。
戰國策》:夫戰之明日,尸死扶傷,雖若有功也,軍出費,中泣,則傷主心矣。
鹽鐵論·非鞅》:商鞅峭法長利,秦人不聊生,相與孝公。

You can examine all occurrences of this character or phrase in Pre-Qin and Han texts or Post-Han texts on the site.


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