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Chinese Text Project

U+55AE

Seal script

Jinwen

Jiaguwen

Jianbo

Semantic variant
Simplified character

Alternate form

Radical:+ 9 strokes = 12 strokes total.
References:Guangyun: p.121#14 p.138#32 p.292#1 p.409#22 Kangxi: p.200#25 Cihai: p.284r6c02 GSR: 147.a Hanyu: v1,p0654#06
Composition:Component of: 𨼒 𨞏 𭙴 𡼤 𡼯 𢠸 [More]
Mandarin:dān shàn chán ㄉㄢ ㄕㄢˋ ㄔㄢˊ
Cantonese:daan1 sin4 sin6
Tang reconstruction:*zhiɛn dɑn
Shuowen:吅部》單:大也。从吅、红,吅亦聲。闕。
Guangyun:廣韻·上平聲··》單:單複也,又大也,亦虜姓可單氏後改爲單氏。都寒切,又常演切,十。
廣韻·下平聲··》單:單于。又丹、善二音。
廣韻·上聲··》單:單父縣名亦姓出周卿士單襄公之後。又丹、禪二音。
廣韻·去聲··》單:單父縣亦姓。
Kangxi:康熙字典·口部·》單:《唐韻》都寒切《集韻》《韻會》多寒切,𠀤音丹。《說文》大也。又《·洛誥》乃單文祖德。《傳》單,盡也。《·小雅》俾爾單厚。《箋》單,盡也。《禮·郊特牲》惟爲社事單出里。《鄭語》夏禹能單平水土。《晉語》單善而內辱之。又《揚雄·甘泉賦》單埢垣兮。《註》單,周也。又縣名。《前漢·地理志》牂牁郡母單縣。又《廣韻》單複也。《正字通》單者,複之對也。《杜甫詩》歲暮衣裳單。又《玉篇》一也,隻也。《·大雅》其軍三單。《箋》大國之制,三軍以其餘卒爲羨,單者無羨卒也。《禮·禮器》鬼神之祭單席。《史記·信陵君傳》今單車來代之。《後漢·耿恭傳》以單兵固守孤城。又《高彪傳》家傳單寒。又姓。《廣韻》可單氏,後攺爲單氏。又《集韻》唐干切,音壇。亦姓也。鄭有櫟邑大夫單伯。通作檀。又《廣韻》市連切《集韻》《韻會》時連切,𠀤音蟬。《廣韻》單于。《前漢·匈奴傳》單于者,廣大之貌也。言其象天,單于然也。又《爾雅·釋天》太歲在卯曰單閼。《釋文》單音蟬,又音丹,或音善。又《廣韻》《韻會》常演切《集韻》《正韻》上演切,𠀤音善。《玉篇》大也。又縣名。《前漢·地理志》山陽郡單父縣。《註》師古曰:音善甫。又姓。《廣韻》單襄公之後。《史記·儒林傳》桓生單次。《註》單音善,單姓,次名。又人名。《書序》咎單作明居。《傳》咎單,臣名,主土地之官。《註》單音善。又《集韻》齒善切,音闡。與嘽同。詳後嘽字註。又《集韻》黨旱切《正韻》多簡切,𠀤音狚。《集韻》本作亶,多穀也。一曰誠也,厚也。《·洛誥》乃單文祖德。《釋文》單音丹,又丁但反,信也。《·小雅》俾爾單厚。《傳》單,信也,或曰厚也。《釋文》單,毛音都但反,鄭音丹。又《周頌》單厥心。《傳》單,厚也。《釋文》都但反。又通亶。《史記·歷書》端蒙單閼二年。《註》單閼,一作亶安。又《集韻》徒案切,音憚。與𢠸同,𢠸狐,邑名。又《集韻》《正韻》𠀤之膳切,音戰。單至,輕發之貌。又《集韻》《韻會》𠀤時戰切,音繕。單父,邑名。亦姓。
考證:〔《揚雄·甘泉賦》單倦垣兮。〕謹照原文倦改埢。
Fanqie:都寒 (《廣韻·上平聲··》) 常演 (《廣韻·上平聲··》) 市連 (《廣韻·下平聲··》) 常演 (《廣韻·上聲··》) 時戰 (《廣韻·去聲··》)
Unihan definition:single, individual, only; lone

CTP Dictionary

[Show proper names]

Example usage

禮記·郊特牲》:唯為社事,出里。
When there was a sacrifice at the She altar of a village, some one went out to it from every house.
揚子法言》:曰:「世人之益者,倉廩也,取之如。」
Yangzi said: What people of the world see as beneficial to themselves is like a granary. Take from it, and it becomes exhausted.
論衡·率性》:以莊、嶽言之,四國之民,更相出入,久居處,性必變易
Now let us suppose that people of the four States alternately went to live in Zhuang and Yue for a certain time, the prolonged stay in a place remote from their country would undubitably bring about a change of their character.
墨子·七患》:故民苦於外,府庫於內,上不厭其樂,下不堪其苦。
By this the people are embittered and the treasury is left lean. While the amusements are not yet satisfying to the superiors, the hardship already becomes unbearable for the subjects.
莊子·達生》:田開之曰:「魯有豹者,巖居而水飲,不與民共利,行年七十而猶有嬰兒之色,不幸遇餓虎,餓虎殺而食之。」
The reply was, 'In Lu there was a Shan Bao, who lived among the rocks, and drank only water. He would not share with the people in their toils and the benefits springing from them; and though he was now in his seventieth year, he had still the complexion of a child. Unfortunately he encountered a hungry tiger, which killed and ate him.'
史記·殷本紀》:伊尹作咸有一德,咎作明居。
Yiyin wrote the book 'Both possessed pure Virtue,' and Jiudan wrote the 'Illustrious Abode.'
詩經·天保》:俾爾厚、何福不除。
Makes thee entirely virtuous, That thou mayest enjoy every happiness.
荀子·正名》:足以喻則不足以喻則兼。
說苑·指武》:為齊上將軍,興師十萬,將以攻翟,往見魯仲連子。
韓詩外傳·卷二》:子賤治父,彈鳴琴,身不下堂,而父治。
大戴禮記·夏小正》:禪,也。
白虎通德論》:《春秋》曰:「父不言名。」
新書·匈奴》:使于寢不聊寐,食不甘口,揮劍挾弓,而蹲穹廬之隅,左視右視,以為盡仇也。
新序·善謀》:王休甲息眾,二年而復之,有取滿、衍、首、垣,以臨仁,平丘,黃,濟陽、甄城,而魏氏服,王又割濮,歷之北,注之齊、秦之要,絕楚、趙之脊,天下五合六聚而不敢相救,王之威亦矣。
中論·慎所從》:昭王卒,惠王為太子,時與毅不平,即墨守者田,縱反間於燕,使宣言曰:「王已死,城之不拔者三耳。」
孔子家語·辯政》:孔子謂宓子賤曰:「子治父,眾悅,子何施而得之也?」
潛夫論·賢難》:司原喜,而自以獲白瑞珍禽也,盡芻豢囷倉以養之。
風俗通義·孝文帝》:于深入寇掠,賊害北地都尉,殺略吏民,係虜老弱,驅畜產,燒積聚,候騎至甘泉,烽火通長安,京師震動,無不憂懣。
新語·辨惑》:而定公拘於三家,陷於眾口,不能卒用孔子者,內無獨見之明,外惑邪臣之黨,以弱其國而亡其身,權歸於三家,邑土於彊,無以制其剛。
蔡中郎集》:唯臣官位微賤,特輕匹。
列子·黃帝》:商丘開常无慍容,而諸客之技,憊於戲笑。
文子·符言》:而欲不厭,卑體免辭,論說而交不結,約束誓盟,約定而反先日,是以君子不外飾仁義,而內脩道術。
列仙傳·幼伯子》:冬常著衣,盛暑著襦,形貌穢異。
韓非子·有度》:朝廷群下,直湊微,不敢相踰越。
管子·山國軌》:泰春功布日,春縑衣,夏衣,捍、寵、纍、箕、勝、籯、屑、●若干,日之功,用人若干,無貲之家,皆假之械器勝籯屑●公衣,功已而歸公衣折券。
周髀算經·卷上》:今子所學,算數之術,是用智矣,而尚有所難,是子之智類
淮南子·天文訓》:閼之歲,歲和,稻、菽、麥、蠶昌,民食五升。
呂氏春秋·察賢》:宓子賤治父,彈鳴琴,身不下堂而父治。
春秋左傳》:夏,伯送王姬。
逸周書·芮良夫解》:今爾執政小子,惟以貪諛事,王不懃德以備難,下民胥怨,財力竭,手足靡措,弗堪戴上,不其亂而,以予小臣良夫,觀天下有土之君,厥德不遠,罔有代德,時為王之患,其惟國人。
國語·鄭語》:夏禹能平水土,以品處庶類者也。
晏子春秋》:景公登東門防,民服然後上,公曰:「此大傷牛馬蹄矣,夫何不下六尺哉?」
越絕書·吳內傳》:致之於
戰國策·范睢至秦》:范睢曰:「臣居山東,聞齊之內有田,不聞其王。」
鹽鐵論·通有》:然民鮆窳偷生,好衣甘食,雖白屋草廬,歌謳鼓琴,日給月,朝歌暮戚。
列女傳·明德馬后》:后恐有辭妄相覆冒,承間為上言之,惻然感動,於是上衣夜起徬徨,思論所納,非臣下得聞。
春秋穀梁傳》:劉子、子以王猛居於皇。
春秋公羊傳》:伯至自齊。
漢書·敘傳下》:長平桓桓,上將之元,薄伐獫允,恢我朔邊,戎車七征,衝輣閑閑,合圍于,北登闐顏。
前漢紀》:冒頓于拒漢。
東觀漢記·劉盆子》:從劉俠卿居,為盆子制朱絳衣、半頭赤幘、直綦履。

You can examine all occurrences of this character or phrase in Pre-Qin and Han texts or Post-Han texts on the site.


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