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Chinese Text Project
Simplified Chinese version

U+55AE

Seal script

Jinwen

Jiaguwen

Jianbo

Semantic variant
Simplified character

Alternate form

Radical:+ 9 strokes = 12 strokes total.
References:Guangyun: p.121#14 p.138#32 p.292#1 p.409#22 Kangxi: p.200#25 Cihai: p.284r6c02 GSR: 147.a Hanyu: v1,p0654#06
Composition:Component of: 𨞏 𨼒 𡼤 𡼯 𢠸 𭙴 [More]
Mandarin:dān shàn chán ㄉㄢ ㄕㄢˋ ㄔㄢˊ
Cantonese:daan1 sin4 sin6
Tang reconstruction:*zhiɛn dɑn
Shuowen:吅部》单:大也。从吅、红,吅亦声。阙。
Guangyun:广韵·上平声··》单:单复也,又大也,亦虏姓可单氏后改爲单氏。都寒切,又常演切,十。
广韵·下平声··》单:单于。又丹、善二音。
广韵·上声··》单:单父县名亦姓出周卿士单襄公之后。又丹、禅二音。
广韵·去声·线·》单:单父县亦姓。
Kangxi:康熙字典·口部·》单:《唐韵》都寒切《集韵》《韵会》多寒切,𠀤音丹。《说文》大也。又《·洛诰》乃单文祖德。《传》单,尽也。《·小雅》俾尔单厚。《笺》单,尽也。《礼·郊特牲》惟爲社事单出里。《郑语》夏禹能单平水土。《晋语》单善而内辱之。又《扬雄·甘泉赋》单埢垣兮。《注》单,周也。又县名。《前汉·地理志》牂牁郡母单县。又《广韵》单复也。《正字通》单者,复之对也。《杜甫诗》岁暮衣裳单。又《玉篇》一也,只也。《·大雅》其军三单。《笺》大国之制,三军以其馀卒爲羡,单者无羡卒也。《礼·礼器》鬼神之祭单席。《史记·信陵君传》今单车来代之。《后汉·耿恭传》以单兵固守孤城。又《高彪传》家传单寒。又姓。《广韵》可单氏,后攺爲单氏。又《集韵》唐干切,音坛。亦姓也。郑有栎邑大夫单伯。通作檀。又《广韵》市连切《集韵》《韵会》时连切,𠀤音蝉。《广韵》单于。《前汉·匈奴传》单于者,广大之貌也。言其象天,单于然也。又《尔雅·释天》太岁在卯曰单阏。《释文》单音蝉,又音丹,或音善。又《广韵》《韵会》常演切《集韵》《正韵》上演切,𠀤音善。《玉篇》大也。又县名。《前汉·地理志》山阳郡单父县。《注》师古曰:音善甫。又姓。《广韵》单襄公之后。《史记·儒林传》桓生单次。《注》单音善,单姓,次名。又人名。《书序》咎单作明居。《传》咎单,臣名,主土地之官。《注》单音善。又《集韵》齿善切,音阐。与嘽同。详后嘽字注。又《集韵》党旱切《正韵》多简切,𠀤音狚。《集韵》本作亶,多谷也。一曰诚也,厚也。《·洛诰》乃单文祖德。《释文》单音丹,又丁但反,信也。《·小雅》俾尔单厚。《传》单,信也,或曰厚也。《释文》单,毛音都但反,郑音丹。又《周颂》单厥心。《传》单,厚也。《释文》都但反。又通亶。《史记·历书》端蒙单阏二年。《注》单阏,一作亶安。又《集韵》徒案切,音惮。与𢠸同,𢠸狐,邑名。又《集韵》《正韵》𠀤之膳切,音战。单至,轻发之貌。又《集韵》《韵会》𠀤时战切,音缮。单父,邑名。亦姓。
考证:〔《扬雄·甘泉赋》单倦垣兮。〕谨照原文倦改埢。
Fanqie:都寒 (《广韵·上平声··》) 常演 (《广韵·上平声··》) 市连 (《广韵·下平声··》) 常演 (《广韵·上声··》) 时战 (《广韵·去声·线·》)
Unihan definition:single, individual, only; lone

CTP Dictionary

[Show proper names]

Example usage

礼记·郊特牲》:唯为社事,出里。
When there was a sacrifice at the She altar of a village, some one went out to it from every house.
扬子法言》:曰:“世人之益者,仓廪也,取之如。”
Yangzi said: What people of the world see as beneficial to themselves is like a granary. Take from it, and it becomes exhausted.
论衡·率性》:以庄、岳言之,四国之民,更相出入,久居处,性必变易
Now let us suppose that people of the four States alternately went to live in Zhuang and Yue for a certain time, the prolonged stay in a place remote from their country would undubitably bring about a change of their character.
墨子·七患》:故民苦于外,府库于内,上不厌其乐,下不堪其苦。
By this the people are embittered and the treasury is left lean. While the amusements are not yet satisfying to the superiors, the hardship already becomes unbearable for the subjects.
庄子·达生》:田开之曰:“鲁有豹者,岩居而水饮,不与民共利,行年七十而犹有婴儿之色,不幸遇饿虎,饿虎杀而食之。”
The reply was, 'In Lu there was a Shan Bao, who lived among the rocks, and drank only water. He would not share with the people in their toils and the benefits springing from them; and though he was now in his seventieth year, he had still the complexion of a child. Unfortunately he encountered a hungry tiger, which killed and ate him.'
史记·殷本纪》:伊尹作咸有一德,咎作明居。
Yiyin wrote the book 'Both possessed pure Virtue,' and Jiudan wrote the 'Illustrious Abode.'
诗经·天保》:俾尔厚、何福不除。
Makes thee entirely virtuous, That thou mayest enjoy every happiness.
荀子·正名》:足以喻则不足以喻则兼。
说苑·指武》:为齐上将军,兴师十万,将以攻翟,往见鲁仲连子。
韩诗外传·卷二》:子贱治父,弹鸣琴,身不下堂,而父治。
大戴礼记·夏小正》:禅,也。
白虎通德论》:《春秋》曰:“父不言名。”
新书·匈奴》:使于寝不聊寐,食不甘口,挥剑挟弓,而蹲穹庐之隅,左视右视,以为尽仇也。
新序·善谋》:王休甲息众,二年而复之,有取满、衍、首、垣,以临仁,平丘,黄,济阳、甄城,而魏氏服,王又割濮,历之北,注之齐、秦之要,绝楚、赵之脊,天下五合六聚而不敢相救,王之威亦矣。
中论·慎所从》:昭王卒,惠王为太子,时与毅不平,即墨守者田,纵反间于燕,使宣言曰:“王已死,城之不拔者三耳。”
孔子家语·辩政》:孔子谓宓子贱曰:“子治父,众悦,子何施而得之也?”
潜夫论·贤难》:司原喜,而自以获白瑞珍禽也,尽刍豢囷仓以养之。
风俗通义·孝文帝》:于深入寇掠,贼害北地都尉,杀略吏民,系虏老弱,驱畜产,烧积聚,候骑至甘泉,烽火通长安,京师震动,无不忧懑。
新语·辨惑》:而定公拘于三家,陷于众口,不能卒用孔子者,内无独见之明,外惑邪臣之党,以弱其国而亡其身,权归于三家,邑土于强,无以制其刚。
蔡中郎集》:唯臣官位微贱,特轻匹。
列子·黄帝》:商丘开常无愠容,而诸客之技,惫于戏笑。
文子·符言》:而欲不厌,卑体免辞,论说而交不结,约束誓盟,约定而反先日,是以君子不外饰仁义,而内修道术。
列仙传·幼伯子》:冬常著衣,盛暑著襦,形貌秽异。
韩非子·有度》:朝廷群下,直凑微,不敢相逾越。
管子·山国轨》:泰春功布日,春缣衣,夏衣,捍、宠、累、箕、胜、籯、屑、●若干,日之功,用人若干,无赀之家,皆假之械器胜籯屑●公衣,功已而归公衣折券。
周髀算经·卷上》:今子所学,算数之术,是用智矣,而尚有所难,是子之智类
淮南子·天文训》:阏之岁,岁和,稻、菽、麦、蚕昌,民食五升。
吕氏春秋·察贤》:宓子贱治父,弹鸣琴,身不下堂而父治。
春秋左传》:夏,伯送王姬。
逸周书·芮良夫解》:今尔执政小子,惟以贪谀事,王不勤德以备难,下民胥怨,财力竭,手足靡措,弗堪戴上,不其乱而,以予小臣良夫,观天下有土之君,厥德不远,罔有代德,时为王之患,其惟国人。
国语·郑语》:夏禹能平水土,以品处庶类者也。
晏子春秋》:景公登东门防,民服然后上,公曰:“此大伤牛马蹄矣,夫何不下六尺哉?”
越绝书·吴内传》:致之于
战国策·范睢至秦》:范睢曰:“臣居山东,闻齐之内有田,不闻其王。”
盐铁论·通有》:然民鮆窳偷生,好衣甘食,虽白屋草庐,歌讴鼓琴,日给月,朝歌暮戚。
列女传·明德马后》:后恐有辞妄相覆冒,承间为上言之,恻然感动,于是上衣夜起旁徨,思论所纳,非臣下得闻。
春秋谷梁传》:刘子、子以王猛居于皇。
春秋公羊传》:伯至自齐。
汉书·叙传下》:长平桓桓,上将之元,薄伐猃允,恢我朔边,戎车七征,冲輣闲闲,合围于,北登阗颜。
前汉纪》:冒顿于拒汉。
东观汉记·刘盆子》:从刘侠卿居,为盆子制朱绛衣、半头赤帻、直綦履。

You can examine all occurrences of this character or phrase in Pre-Qin and Han texts or Post-Han texts on the site.


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