Follow us on Facebook to receive important updates Follow us on Twitter to receive important updates Follow us on sina.com's microblogging site to receive important updates Follow us on Douban to receive important updates
Chinese Text Project

U+570B

Seal script

Jinwen

Jianbo

Semantic variant

Semantic variant

Semantic variant

Semantic variant

Simplified character

Alternate form
Semantic variant

Semantic variant
Semantic variant
𢧌
Semantic variant

Radical:+ 8 strokes = 11 strokes total.
References:Guangyun: p.530#39 Kangxi: p.219#16 Cihai: p.303r4c02 GSR: 929.o Hanyu: v1,p0720#09
Composition:Outside: , center: . Component of: 𬿓 𤡓 𫱣 𢐚 𪤑 𢠝 𣂽 𤎍 𤔩 𭍲 𪼓 𢧷 [More]
Mandarin:guó ㄍㄨㄛˊ
Cantonese:gwok3
Tang reconstruction:*guək
Shuowen:囗部》國:邦也。从囗从或。
Guangyun:廣韻·入聲··》國:邦國又姓太公之後左傳齊有國氏代爲上卿。古或切,一。
Kangxi:康熙字典·囗部·》國:〔古文〕囗囶圀𢧌䆐《唐韻》古或切《集韻》骨或切,𠀤觥入聲。《說文》邦也。《周禮·夏官·量人》掌建國之法,以分國爲九州。又《冬官·考工記》匠人營國,旁三門,國中九經九緯,經涂九軌,左祖右社,面朝後市。《禮·王制》五國以爲屬,十國以爲連,二十國以爲卒,二百一十國以爲州。《孟子》大國,地方百里,次國,地方七十里,小國,地方五十里。又《周禮·地官·掌節》山國用虎節,土國用人節,澤國用龍節。《註》山國多山者,土國平地也,澤國多水者。又滅人之國曰勝國。《左傳註》勝國者,絕其社稷,有其土地也。又九州之外曰外國。亦曰絕國。《後漢·班超傳》君侯在外國三十餘年。《又》遠處絕國。又兩國相距曰敵國。《孟子》敵國不相征也。又外國來附者曰屬國。《李陵·答蘇武書》聞子之歸位,不過典屬國。《註》典,掌也。卽掌屬國之事者。又城郭國,行國。《宋程大昌備北邊對》漢西域諸國,有城郭國,有行國。城郭國,築城爲守者,行國不立城,以馬上爲國也。又姓。《姓苑》太公之後。齊有國氏,世爲上卿,宋有國卿。又囯,《正字通》俗國字。囻,同國,民國期間俗字。
Fanqie:古或 (《廣韻·入聲··》)
Unihan definition:nation, country, nation-state

CTP Dictionary

[Show proper names]

Example usage

論語·學而》:子曰:「道千乘之:敬事而信,節用而愛人,使民以時。」
The Master said, "To rule a country of a thousand chariots, there must be reverent attention to business, and sincerity; economy in expenditure, and love for men; and the employment of the people at the proper seasons."
孟子·盡心下》:征者上伐下也,敵不相征也。
"Correction" is when the supreme authority punishes its subjects by force of arms. Hostile States do not correct one another.
禮記·奔喪》:至竟,哭盡哀而止。
When he had passed through be state (where he was), and reached its frontier, he stopped and wailed, giving full vent to his sorrow.
孝經·諫諍》:諸侯有爭臣五人,雖無道,不失其
If the prince of a state had five such ministers, though his measures might be equally wrong, he would not lose his state.
揚子法言·》:仲尼以來,君將相,卿士名臣,參差不齊,一概諸聖,譔《重黎》。
Since the time of Confucius, rulers of kingdoms, generals, chancellors, ministers, gentlemen, and famous officials have been variously and non-uniformly judged. I have uniformly judged them by the standards of the sage. Thus, I have written "Zhong and Li."
墨子·小取》:居於,則為居
Living within a state is living in the state.
莊子·逍遙遊》:故夫知效一官,行比一鄉,德合一君而徵一者,其自視也亦若此矣。
Thus it is that men, whose wisdom is sufficient for the duties of some one office, or whose conduct will secure harmony in some one district, or whose virtue is befitting a ruler so that they could efficiently govern some one state, are sure to look on themselves in this manner (like the quail).
道德經》:愛民治,能無知乎?
In loving the people and ruling the state, cannot he proceed without any (purpose of) action?
商君書·更法》:是以聖人苟可以強,不法其故。
Therefore a sage, if he is able to strengthen the state thereby, does not model himself on antiquity.
孫子兵法·始計》:孫子曰:兵者,之大事,死生之地,存亡之道,不可不察也。
Sunzi said: The art of war is of vital importance to the State. It is a matter of life and death, a road either to safety or to ruin. Hence it is a subject of inquiry which can on no account be neglected.
荀子·大略》:劫迫於暴而無所辟之,則崇其善,揚其美,言其所長,而不稱其所短也。
說苑·君道》:其君歸也,乃召其大夫,告用天子之言,百姓聞之皆喜曰:「此誠天子也!」
春秋繁露·玉杯》:問者曰:人弒其君,重卿在而弗能討者,非一也。
韓詩外傳·卷一》:懷其寶而迷其者,不可與語仁。
大戴禮記·主言》:雖有焉,不教不服,不可以取千里。
白虎通德論·》:稱侯,小者伯、子、男也。
新書·脩政語下》:周成王曰:「敢問治之道若何?」
新序·善謀下》:留侯張子房曰:「雒陽雖有此固,中小不過數百里,田地狹,四面受敵,此非用武之。」
中論·治學》:學者、心之白日也,故先王立教官,掌教子,教以六德,曰智、仁、聖、義、中、和,教以六行,曰孝、友、睦、婣、任、恤。
孔子家語·相魯》:定公謂孔子曰:「學子此法,魯何如?」
潛夫論·讚學》:箕子陳六極,《》歌《北門》,故所謂不憂貧也
論衡·命義》:命繫於眾星,列宿吉凶,有禍福。
太玄經·》:次八,赤臭播關,大君不閑,克乘家。
風俗通義》:重遭戰,約從連橫,好惡殊心,真偽紛爭。
孔叢子·論書》:孔子曰:「勞能定,功加於民,大臣死難,雖食之公廟可也。」
申鑒·政體》:天道在爾,惟帝茂止,陟降膚止,萬康止。
忠經·天地神明章》:之本,何莫由忠!
素書·安禮章》:無賢人,亂政無善人。
新語·道基》:故虐行則怨積,德布則功興,百姓以德附,骨肉以仁親,夫婦以義合,朋友以義信,君臣以義序,百官以義承,曾、閔以仁成大孝,伯姬以義建至貞,守者以仁堅固,佐君者以義不傾,君以仁治,臣以義平,鄉黨以仁恂恂,朝廷以義便便,美女以貞顯其行,烈士以義彰其名,陽氣以仁生,陰節以義降,《鹿鳴》以仁求其群,《關雎》以義鳴其雄,《春秋》以仁義貶絕,《詩》以仁義存亡,《乾》、《坤》以仁和合,《八卦》以義相承,《書》以仁敘九族,君臣以義制忠,《禮》以仁盡節,樂以禮升降。
獨斷·卷上》:《春秋傳》曰:「民之多幸,之不幸也。」
蔡中郎集·獨斷》:帝謚:違拂不成曰隱,靖民則法曰黃,翼善傳聖曰堯,仁聖盛明曰舜,殘人多壘曰桀,殘義損善曰紂,慈惠愛親曰孝,愛民好與曰惠,聖善同文曰宣,聲聞宣遠曰昭,克定禍亂曰武,聰明睿智曰獻,溫柔聖善曰懿,布德執義曰穆,仁義說民曰元,安仁立政曰神,布綱治紀曰平,亂而不損曰靈,保民耆艾曰明,辟土有德曰襄,貞心大度曰匡,大慮慈民曰定,知過能改曰恭,不生其曰聲,一德不懈曰簡,夙興夜寐曰敬,清白自守曰貞,柔德好眾曰靖,安樂治民曰康,小心畏忌曰僖,中身早折曰悼,慈仁和民曰順,好勇致力曰莊,恭人短折曰哀,在逢難曰愍,名實過爽曰繆,壅遏不通曰幽,暴虐無親曰厲,致志大圖曰景,辟土兼曰桓,經緯天地曰文,執義揚善曰懷,短折不成曰殤,去禮遠眾曰煬,怠政外交曰攜,治典不敷曰祈。
列子·天瑞》:君卿大夫眎之,猶眾庶也。
鶡冠子·天則》:知足以滑正,略足以恬禍,此危之不可安,亡之不可存也。
文子·道原》:老子曰:夫人從欲失性,動未嘗正也,以治則亂,以治身則穢,故不聞道者,無以反其性,不通物者,不能清靜。
文始真經·五鑑》:生于齊者,心之所見,皆齊也。
列仙傳·玄俗》:日月運行,四時分治,五星受制於太微,監無道之,吉凶預見,以戒王者動靜言語,應效相通,有自來矣。
鬻子》:者、卿相世賢者有之,有智者治之,智者非一日之志,治者非一日之謀,而知所避。
老子河上公章句》:是以聖人之治,說聖人治與治身同也。
韓非子·初見秦》:齊五戰之也,一戰不剋而無齊。
申不害·大體》:故妒妻不難破家也,亂臣不難破也。
慎子·威德》:今也無常道,官無常法,是以家日繆。

You can examine all occurrences of this character or phrase in Pre-Qin and Han texts or Post-Han texts on the site.


Enjoy this site? Please help.Site design and content copyright 2006-2021. When quoting or citing information from this site, please link to the corresponding page or to https://ctext.org. Please note that the use of automatic download software on this site is strictly prohibited, and that users of such software are automatically banned without warning to save bandwidth. 沪ICP备09015720号-3Comments? Suggestions? Please raise them here.