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Chinese Text Project

U+571F

Seal script

Jinwen

Jiaguwen

Jianbo

Radical:+ 0 strokes = 3 strokes total.
References:Guangyun: p.264#30 p.265#8 Kangxi: p.223#01 Cihai: p.309r5c03 GSR: 62.a Hanyu: v1,p0415#01
Composition:Top: , bottom: . Compositionally related: . Component of: 𠂒 𡈾 𡈼 𡈽 𫡢 𫭖 𪢱 𪢲 𨙭 𡈿 [More]
Mandarin: ㄊㄨˇ
Cantonese:tou2
Tang reconstruction:*tǒ
Shuowen:土部》土:地之吐生物者也。二象地之下、地之中,物出形也。凡土之屬皆从土。
Guangyun:廣韻·上聲··》土:《釋名》云:土吐也,吐萬物也,文字指歸無點。他魯切,四。
廣韻·上聲··》土:土田地主也,本音吐。
Kangxi:康熙字典·土部·土部》土:《唐韻》《正韻》他魯切《集韻》《韻會》統五切,𠀤吐上聲。五行之一。《說文》地之吐生物者也。二象地之下,地之中,土物出形也。《易·離彖傳》百穀草木麗乎土。《·禹貢》冀州厥土惟白壤,兗州厥土黑墳,靑州厥土白墳,徐州厥土赤埴墳,揚州荆州厥土惟塗泥,豫州厥土惟壤下土墳壚,梁州厥土靑黎,雍州厥土惟黃壤。又《·禹貢》徐州厥貢惟土五色。《註》諸侯受命,各錫以方色土,建大社于國中,一曰冢土。《·大雅》乃立冢土。又后土,取厚載之義。共工氏子句龍爲后土,位在中央,主於四季各十八日。《禮·月令》中央土,其日戊己,其帝黃帝,其神后土。《周禮·冬官考工記》土以黃,其象方。又星土,星所主土。《周禮·春官》保章氏以星土辨九州之地。又度也。土圭之土訓度。詳圭字註。又業也。《皇極經世》獨夫以百畝爲土,大夫以百里爲土,諸侯以四境爲土,天子以九州爲土,仲尼以萬世爲土。又星名,一曰鎮星。《漢書》作塡。詳塡字註。又地名。《春秋·僖二十八年》公會晉侯,齊侯,宋公,蔡侯,鄭伯,衞子,莒子,盟于踐土。《註》鄭地。又姓。句龍爲后土,子孫爲氏。又《廣韻》《正韻》徒古切《集韻》《韻會》動五切,𠀤音杜。《揚子·方言》東齊謂根曰土,非專指桑根白皮。《郭璞註》《方言》引《》作桑土,非。又《集韻》《韻會》《正韻》𠀤董五切,音覩。圜土,獄城也。《周禮·秋官》以圜土聚敎罷民。又《介之推龍蛇歌》五蛇從之,周流天下。龍反其淵,安其壤土。下音戸,尸土俱在姥韻。《字彙》作叶音,非。又《集韻》丑下切,音姹。土苴,不眞物。一曰查滓,糞草糟粕之類。又《字彙補》同都切,音徒。土門,北方之族。門音瞞。見周書異域傳。
考證:〔《說文》地之吐生物者也。二象地之下,地之中,物出形也。〕謹照原文物出上增土字。
Fanqie:他魯 (《廣韻·上聲··》) 徒古 (《廣韻·上聲··》)
Equivalent readings: (《四書章句集注·孟子集注·公孫丑章句上》)
Unihan definition:soil, earth; items made of earth

Example usage

論語·里仁》:子曰:「君子懷德,小人懷。」
The Master said, "The superior man thinks of virtue; the small man thinks of comfort."
孟子·盡心下》:梁惠王以地之故,糜爛其民而戰之,大敗,將復之,恐不能勝,故驅其所愛子弟以殉之,是之謂以其所不愛及其所愛也。
'The king Hui of Liang, for the matter of territory, tore and destroyed his people, leading them to battle. Sustaining a great defeat, he would engage again, and afraid lest they should not be able to secure the victory, urged his son whom he loved till he sacrificed him with them. This is what I call "beginning with what they do not care for, and proceeding to what they care for."'
禮記·深衣》:短毋見膚,長毋被
It was not made so short as to show any of the skin, nor so long as to touch the ground.
揚子法言》:禽獸食人之食,木衣人之帛。
When the birds and beasts eat people's food, when buildings are adorned with the silk that ought to be used for clothing.
莊子·逍遙遊》:之人也,物莫之傷,大浸稽天而不溺,大旱、金石流、山焦而不熱。
Nothing could hurt that man; the greatest floods, reaching to the sky, could not drown him, nor would he feel the fervour of the greatest heats melting metals and stones till they flowed, and scorching all the ground and hills.
道德經》:九層之臺,起於累
The tower of nine storeys rose from a (small) heap of earth.
商君書·農戰》:眾則農者怠,農者怠則地荒。
These latter being numerous, farmers will be in a perilous position, and this being so, land will be left lying fallow.
史記·五帝本紀》:時播百穀草木,淳化鳥獸蟲蛾,旁羅日月星辰水波石金玉,勞勤心力耳目,節用水火材物。
The planting of the crops, plants, and trees in their seasons, and the transformations of birds, beasts, insects, and moths. He also prepared a record of the movements of the sun, moon, and stars; the flow of the tides; and the properties of clay, stones, metals, and gems. He devoted much careful attention to these things, and his observation was applied to ascertaining how fire, water, wood, and other elements could be used economically.
荀子·大略》:中卿進曰:「配天而有下者,先事慮事,先患慮患。」
說苑·脩文》:田過對曰:「非君之地無以處吾親,非君之祿無以養吾親,非君之爵位無以尊顯吾親。」
春秋繁露·王道》:地所有,先以入宗廟,端冕盛服而後見先。
韓詩外傳·卷一》:汙其君者、不履其
大戴禮記·主言》:其博有萬民也,如飢而食,如渴而飲,下之人信之夫!
白虎通德論·》:明爵者天子之有也,臣無自爵之義。
新書·先醒》:不醒者,枕而死,為虎狼食。
新序·善謀》:夫以王壤之博,人徒之眾,兵革之彊,一舉事而樹怨於楚,出令韓、魏歸帝重於齊,是王失計也。
中論·法象》:君子者、無尺之封,而萬民尊之。
孔子家語·相魯》:乃別五之性,而物各得其所生之宜,咸得厥所。
潛夫論·考績》:其不貢士也,一則黜爵,載則黜地,三黜則爵俱畢。
論衡·幸偶》:均之也,或基殿堂,或塗軒戶。
太玄經·》:次五,中其廬,設于金輿,厥戒渝。
風俗通義·三王》:「僉曰伯禹」,「禹平水」,是也
孔叢子·居衛》:耆老曰:『欲地。』
申鑒·時事》:民寡則用易足,廣則物易生,事簡則業易定。
忠經·報國章》:之毛,皆銜君德。
新語·道基》:於是后稷乃列封彊,畫畔界,以分地之所宜。
獨斷·卷上》:去墠曰鬼,壇謂築起堂,墠謂築而無屋者也。
蔡中郎集·獨斷》:帝謚:違拂不成曰隱,靖民則法曰黃,翼善傳聖曰堯,仁聖盛明曰舜,殘人多壘曰桀,殘義損善曰紂,慈惠愛親曰孝,愛民好與曰惠,聖善同文曰宣,聲聞宣遠曰昭,克定禍亂曰武,聰明睿智曰獻,溫柔聖善曰懿,布德執義曰穆,仁義說民曰元,安仁立政曰神,布綱治紀曰平,亂而不損曰靈,保民耆艾曰明,辟有德曰襄,貞心大度曰匡,大慮慈民曰定,知過能改曰恭,不生其國曰聲,一德不懈曰簡,夙興夜寐曰敬,清白自守曰貞,柔德好眾曰靖,安樂治民曰康,小心畏忌曰僖,中身早折曰悼,慈仁和民曰順,好勇致力曰莊,恭人短折曰哀,在國逢難曰愍,名實過爽曰繆,壅遏不通曰幽,暴虐無親曰厲,致志大圖曰景,辟兼國曰桓,經緯天地曰文,執義揚善曰懷,短折不成曰殤,去禮遠眾曰煬,怠政外交曰攜,治典不敷曰祈。
墨子·經說下》:五:合水火火。
列子·天瑞》:種有幾:若䵷為鶉,得水為藚,得水之際,則為䵷蠙之衣。
鶡冠子·度萬》:所謂天者,非是蒼蒼之氣之謂天也,所謂地者,非是膞膞之之謂地也。
文子·符言》:得在時不在爭,治在道不在聖,處下不爭高,故安而不危,水流下不爭疾,故去而不遲。
文始真經·一宇》:無思道,思者、也。
鬻子》:卿相者、諸侯之丞也,故封侯之秩出焉。
老子河上公章句》:埴,也。
韓非子·初見秦》:臣敢言之,往者齊南破荊,東破宋,西服秦,北破燕,中使韓、魏,地廣而兵強,戰剋攻取,詔令天下。
申不害·佚文》:,食之本也。太平御覽三十七、天中記七、繹史一百十一
諫逐客書》:是以太山不讓壤,故能成其大。
管子·輕重戊》:有虞之王,燒曾藪,斬群害,以為民利,封為社,置木為閭,民始知禮也。
吳子·圖國》:四面,拓地千里,皆起之功也。
六韜·守土》:文王問太公曰:「守奈何?」

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