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Chinese Text Project
Simplified Chinese version

U+571F

Seal script

Jinwen

Jiaguwen

Jianbo

Radical:+ 0 strokes = 3 strokes total.
References:Guangyun: p.264#30 p.265#8 Kangxi: p.223#01 Cihai: p.309r5c03 GSR: 62.a Hanyu: v1,p0415#01
Composition:Top: , bottom: . Compositionally related: . Component of: 城 堍 𫭖 切 𠂒 𡈾 𡈼 𡈽 𫡢 𡉄 𡉆 𡉀 𫭗 𡉇 𫭘 [More]
Mandarin: ㄊㄨˇ
Cantonese:tou2
Tang reconstruction:*tǒ
Shuowen:土部》土:地之吐生物者也。二象地之下、地之中,物出形也。凡土之属皆从土。
Guangyun:广韵·上声··》土:《释名》云:土吐也,吐万物也,文字指归无点。他鲁切,四。
广韵·上声··》土:土田地主也,本音吐。
Kangxi:康熙字典·土部·土部》土:《唐韵》《正韵》他鲁切《集韵》《韵会》统五切,𠀤吐上声。五行之一。《说文》地之吐生物者也。二象地之下,地之中,土物出形也。《易·离彖传》百谷草木丽乎土。《·禹贡》冀州厥土惟白壤,兖州厥土黑坟,靑州厥土白坟,徐州厥土赤埴坟,扬州荆州厥土惟涂泥,豫州厥土惟壤下土坟垆,梁州厥土靑黎,雍州厥土惟黄壤。又《·禹贡》徐州厥贡惟土五色。《注》诸侯受命,各锡以方色土,建大社于国中,一曰冢土。《·大雅》乃立冢土。又后土,取厚载之义。共工氏子句龙爲后土,位在中央,主于四季各十八日。《礼·月令》中央土,其日戊己,其帝黄帝,其神后土。《周礼·冬官考工记》土以黄,其象方。又星土,星所主土。《周礼·春官》保章氏以星土辨九州之地。又度也。土圭之土训度。详圭字注。又业也。《皇极经世》独夫以百亩爲土,大夫以百里爲土,诸侯以四境爲土,天子以九州爲土,仲尼以万世爲土。又星名,一曰镇星。《汉书》作塡。详塡字注。又地名。《春秋·僖二十八年》公会晋侯,齐侯,宋公,蔡侯,郑伯,衞子,莒子,盟于践土。《注》郑地。又姓。句龙爲后土,子孙爲氏。又《广韵》《正韵》徒古切《集韵》《韵会》动五切,𠀤音杜。《扬子·方言》东齐谓根曰土,非专指桑根白皮。《郭璞注》《方言》引《》作桑土,非。又《集韵》《韵会》《正韵》𠀤董五切,音覩。圜土,狱城也。《周礼·秋官》以圜土聚敎罢民。又《介之推龙蛇歌》五蛇从之,周流天下。龙反其渊,安其壤土。下音戸,尸土俱在姥韵。《字汇》作叶音,非。又《集韵》丑下切,音姹。土苴,不眞物。一曰查滓,粪草糟粕之类。又《字汇补》同都切,音徒。土门,北方之族。门音瞒。见周书异域传。
考证:〔《说文》地之吐生物者也。二象地之下,地之中,物出形也。〕谨照原文物出上增土字。
Fanqie:他鲁 (《广韵·上声··》) 徒古 (《广韵·上声··》)
Equivalent readings: (《四书章句集注·孟子集注·公孙丑章句上》)
Unihan definition:soil, earth; items made of earth

Example usage

论语·里仁》:子曰:“君子怀德,小人怀。”
The Master said, "The superior man thinks of virtue; the small man thinks of comfort."
孟子·尽心下》:梁惠王以地之故,糜烂其民而战之,大败,将复之,恐不能胜,故驱其所爱子弟以殉之,是之谓以其所不爱及其所爱也。
'The king Hui of Liang, for the matter of territory, tore and destroyed his people, leading them to battle. Sustaining a great defeat, he would engage again, and afraid lest they should not be able to secure the victory, urged his son whom he loved till he sacrificed him with them. This is what I call "beginning with what they do not care for, and proceeding to what they care for."'
礼记·深衣》:短毋见肤,长毋被
It was not made so short as to show any of the skin, nor so long as to touch the ground.
扬子法言》:禽兽食人之食,木衣人之帛。
When the birds and beasts eat people's food, when buildings are adorned with the silk that ought to be used for clothing.
庄子·逍遥游》:之人也,物莫之伤,大浸稽天而不溺,大旱、金石流、山焦而不热。
Nothing could hurt that man; the greatest floods, reaching to the sky, could not drown him, nor would he feel the fervour of the greatest heats melting metals and stones till they flowed, and scorching all the ground and hills.
道德经》:九层之台,起于累
The tower of nine storeys rose from a (small) heap of earth.
商君书·农战》:众则农者怠,农者怠则地荒。
These latter being numerous, farmers will be in a perilous position, and this being so, land will be left lying fallow.
史记·五帝本纪》:时播百谷草木,淳化鸟兽虫蛾,旁罗日月星辰水波石金玉,劳勤心力耳目,节用水火材物。
The planting of the crops, plants, and trees in their seasons, and the transformations of birds, beasts, insects, and moths. He also prepared a record of the movements of the sun, moon, and stars; the flow of the tides; and the properties of clay, stones, metals, and gems. He devoted much careful attention to these things, and his observation was applied to ascertaining how fire, water, wood, and other elements could be used economically.
荀子·大略》:中卿进曰:“配天而有下者,先事虑事,先患虑患。”
说苑·修文》:田过对曰:“非君之地无以处吾亲,非君之禄无以养吾亲,非君之爵位无以尊显吾亲。”
春秋繁露·王道》:地所有,先以入宗庙,端冕盛服而后见先。
韩诗外传·卷一》:污其君者、不履其
大戴礼记·主言》:其博有万民也,如饥而食,如渴而饮,下之人信之夫!
白虎通德论·》:明爵者天子之有也,臣无自爵之义。
新书·先醒》:不醒者,枕而死,为虎狼食。
新序·善谋》:夫以王壤之博,人徒之众,兵革之强,一举事而树怨于楚,出令韩、魏归帝重于齐,是王失计也。
中论·法象》:君子者、无尺之封,而万民尊之。
孔子家语·相鲁》:乃别五之性,而物各得其所生之宜,咸得厥所。
潜夫论·考绩》:其不贡士也,一则黜爵,载则黜地,三黜则爵俱毕。
论衡·幸偶》:均之也,或基殿堂,或涂轩户。
太玄经·》:次五,中其庐,设于金舆,厥戒渝。
风俗通义·三王》:“佥曰伯禹”,“禹平水”,是也
孔丛子·居卫》:耆老曰:‘欲地。’
申鉴·时事》:民寡则用易足,广则物易生,事简则业易定。
忠经·报国章》:之毛,皆衔君德。
新语·道基》:于是后稷乃列封强,画畔界,以分地之所宜。
独断·卷上》:去墠曰鬼,坛谓筑起堂,墠谓筑而无屋者也。
蔡中郎集·独断》:帝谥:违拂不成曰隐,靖民则法曰黄,翼善传圣曰尧,仁圣盛明曰舜,残人多垒曰桀,残义损善曰纣,慈惠爱亲曰孝,爱民好与曰惠,圣善同文曰宣,声闻宣远曰昭,克定祸乱曰武,聪明睿智曰献,温柔圣善曰懿,布德执义曰穆,仁义说民曰元,安仁立政曰神,布纲治纪曰平,乱而不损曰灵,保民耆艾曰明,辟有德曰襄,贞心大度曰匡,大虑慈民曰定,知过能改曰恭,不生其国曰声,一德不懈曰简,夙兴夜寐曰敬,清白自守曰贞,柔德好众曰靖,安乐治民曰康,小心畏忌曰僖,中身早折曰悼,慈仁和民曰顺,好勇致力曰庄,恭人短折曰哀,在国逢难曰愍,名实过爽曰缪,壅遏不通曰幽,暴虐无亲曰厉,致志大图曰景,辟兼国曰桓,经纬天地曰文,执义扬善曰怀,短折不成曰殇,去礼远众曰炀,怠政外交曰携,治典不敷曰祈。
墨子·经说下》:五:合水火火。
列子·天瑞》:种有几:若䵷为鹑,得水为藚,得水之际,则为䵷蠙之衣。
鶡冠子·度万》:所谓天者,非是苍苍之气之谓天也,所谓地者,非是膞膞之之谓地也。
文子·符言》:得在时不在争,治在道不在圣,处下不争高,故安而不危,水流下不争疾,故去而不迟。
文始真经·一宇》:无思道,思者、也。
鬻子》:卿相者、诸侯之丞也,故封侯之秩出焉。
老子河上公章句》:埴,也。
韩非子·初见秦》:臣敢言之,往者齐南破荆,东破宋,西服秦,北破燕,中使韩、魏,地广而兵强,战克攻取,诏令天下。
申不害·佚文》:,食之本也。太平御览三十七、天中记七、绎史一百十一
谏逐客书》:是以太山不让壤,故能成其大。
管子·轻重戊》:有虞之王,烧曾薮,斩群害,以为民利,封为社,置木为闾,民始知礼也。
吴子·图国》:四面,拓地千里,皆起之功也。
六韬·守土》:文王问太公曰:“守奈何?”

You can examine all occurrences of this character or phrase in Pre-Qin and Han texts or Post-Han texts on the site.


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