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Chinese Text Project

U+57CE

Seal script

Jinwen

Jianbo

Radical:+ 6 strokes = 9 strokes total.
References:Guangyun: p.191#29 Kangxi: p.229#32 Cihai: p.320r1c02 GSR: 818.e Hanyu: v1,p0438#07
Composition:Left: , right: . Component of: 𬁃 𪾓
Mandarin:chéng ㄔㄥˊ
Cantonese:seng4 sing4
Tang reconstruction:*zhiɛng
Shuowen:土部》城:以盛民也。从土从成,成亦聲。
Guangyun:廣韻·下平聲··》城:城郭崔豹古今注云城者盛也,所以盛受民物也,,又《淮南子》云:鮌作城亦姓風俗通云氏於事者城郭園池是也。
Kangxi:康熙字典·土部·》城:《唐韻》是征切《集韻》《韻會》《正韻》時征切,𠀤音成。內曰城,外曰郭。《釋名》城,成也。一成而不可毀也。《古今注》盛也,盛受國都也。《淮南子·原道訓》夏鯀作三仞之城。一曰黃帝始立城邑以居。《白虎通》天子曰崇城。《史記·始皇本紀》帝築萬里長城。《前漢·元帝紀》帝初築長安城。城南爲南斗形,城北爲北斗形,因名斗城。又諸侯僭侈,建城踰制,謂之產城,若生子長大之義。《司馬法曰》攻城者,攻其所產。又《唐·李肇·國史補》元日冬至,大朝會,百官已集,宰相後至,列燭多至數百炬,謂之火城。《王禹偁·待漏院記》北闕向曙,東方未明。相君啓行,煌煌火城。又層城。《淮南子·地形訓》掘崑崙墟以下地,中有層城九重。《孫綽·天台賦》苟台嶺之可攀,亦何羨于層城。又官名。《左傳·文十六年》公子蕩爲司城。《註》宋桓公,以武公諱,司空攺司城。又宮名。《前漢·班倢伃傳》倢伃居增城舍。又山名。析城,在河東濩縣西。《·禹貢》底柱析城。又赤城山,在會稽東南。《孫綽·天台賦》赤城霞起以建標。又墓地曰佳城。《博物志》夏侯嬰死,送葬至東都門外,馬踣地悲鳴,掘之,得石槨,銘曰:佳城鬱鬱,三千年見白日。吁嗟滕公,居此室。又姓。城渾。又司城,複姓。又叶辰羊切,音常。《韓愈·贈張籍詩》我友東來說,我家免禍殃。乗船下汴水,東去趨彭城。
考證:〔《博物志》得石槨。銘曰:佳城鬱鬱。二千年見白日,吁嗟夏公,居此室。〕謹照原文二改三。夏改滕。
Fanqie:是征 (《廣韻·下平聲··》)
Unihan definition:castle; city, town; municipality

Example usage

論語·雍也》:子游為武宰。
Zi You being governor of Wu Cheng.
孟子·告子下》:郭、宮室、宗廟、祭祀之禮,無諸侯幣帛饔飧,無百官有司,故二十取一而足也。
There are no fortified cities, no edifices, no ancestral temples, no ceremonies of sacrifice; there are no princes requiring presents and entertainments; there is no system of officers with their various subordinates. On these accounts a tax of one-twentieth of the produce is sufficient there.
禮記·曲禮上》:不指,上不呼。
When one has ascended the wall of a city, he should not point, nor callout.
揚子法言》:周建子弟,列名,班五爵,流之十二,當時雖欲漢,得乎?
The Zhou installed their sons and brothers, divided up the titles and fiefdoms, ordered the five ranks, and established the twelve kingdoms. Even at that time, there were some like the Han that desired to control the empire, but what could they do about it?
墨子·經說上》:信:不以其言之當也,使人視得金。
It is not by his words fitting the fact that he makes others pay attention to them; it is because they are sure of his conduct. The frankness of his words enables him to verify them. ... the city wall and get the money.
莊子·徐無鬼》:至於襄之野,七聖皆迷,無所問塗。
When they arrived at the wild of Xiang-cheng, the seven sages were all perplexed, and could find no place at which to ask the way.
商君書·兵守》:守有之邑,不如以死人之力,與客生力戰。
In defending walled cities, the best way is, with the strength of the worn-out men, to fight the fresh strength of the invaders.
孫子兵法·作戰》:其用戰也,勝久則鈍兵挫銳,攻則力屈,久暴師則國用不足。
When you engage in actual fighting, if victory is long in coming, then men's weapons will grow dull and their ardor will be damped. If you lay siege to a town, you will exhaust your strength. Again, if the campaign is protracted, the resources of the State will not be equal to the strain.
史記·夏本紀》:砥柱、析至于王屋。
From Dizhu and Xicheng hills to 'King's house'.
荀子·》:郭以固,三軍以強。
說苑·辨物》:王子建出守於父,與成公乾遇於疇中,問曰:「是何也?」
春秋繁露》:齊侯已卒,諸侯果會晉大夫於新
韓詩外傳·卷一》:》曰:「靜女其姝,俟我乎隅,愛而不見,搔首踟躕。」
大戴禮記》:故君子南面臨官,大而公治之,精知而略行之,合是忠信,考是大倫,存是美惡,而進是利,而除是害,而無求其報焉,而民情可得也。
白虎通德論·八風》:是以王者承順之,條風至則出輕刑、解稽留,明庶風至則修封疆、埋田疇,清明風至出幣帛、使諸侯,景風至則爵有德、封有功,涼風至報地德,化四鄉,昌盍風至則申象刑、飾囷倉,不周風至則築宮室、修郭,廣莫風至則斷大辟、行獄刑。
新書·諭誠》:文王晝臥,夢人登而呼己曰:「我東北陬之槁骨也,速以王禮葬我。」
新序·善謀下》:諸侯有變,順流而下,足以委輸,此所謂金千里,天府之國也。
中論·譴交》:殷殷沄沄,俾夜作晝,下及小司,列墨綬,莫不相商以得人,自矜以下士。
孔子家語·相魯》:孔子言於定公曰:「家不臧甲,邑無百雉之,古之制也。」
潛夫論·浮侈》:今按鄗、畢之郊,文、武之陵,南之壘,曾析之家。
論衡·幸偶》:門久朽欲頓,孔子過之,趨而疾行。
太玄經·》:次八,赤舌燒,吐水于缾。
風俗通義·六國》:趙之先與秦同祖,其裔孫曰造父,於周穆王,為御驊騮、騄耳之乘,西謁西王母,東滅徐偃王,日馳千里,帝念其功,賜以趙,因以為姓。
孔叢子·廣器》:墉,地也。
申鑒·雜言上》:趙獲二,臨饋而憂。
忠經·武備章》:《詩》云:「赳赳武夫,公侯干。」
新語·無為》:秦始皇帝設,為車裂之誅,以斂姦邪,築長於戎境,以備胡、越,征大吞小,威震天下,將帥橫行,以服外國,蒙恬討亂於外,李斯治法於內,事逾煩,天下逾亂,法逾滋而姦逾熾,兵馬益設而敵人逾多,秦非不欲為治,然失之者,乃舉措暴眾,而用刑太極故也。
蔡中郎集·彈琴賦》:飲馬長,楚曲明光。
列子·周穆王》:反山川,移邑。
鶡冠子·世兵》:湯能以七十里放桀,武王以百里伐紂,知一不煩,千方萬曲,所雜齊同,勝道不一,知者計全,明將不倍時而棄利,勇士不怯死而滅名,欲喻至德之美者,其慮不與俗同,欲驗九天之高者,行不徑請,是以忠臣不先其身而後其君,寒心孤立懸命,將軍野戰,則國弊民罷,守則食人灼骸,計失,其國削主困,為天下笑,持國計者可以無詳乎?
文子·符言》:脩其境內之事,盡其地方,勸民守死,堅其郭,上下一心,與之守社稷,即為飾者不伐無罪,為利者不攻難得,此必全之道,必利之理。
列仙傳·平常生》:鄉平常生者,不知何所人也。
老子河上公章句》:閉門守,為退。
韓非子·初見秦》:巨防,足以為塞。
申不害·大體》:今人君之所以高為郭,用謹門閭之閉者,為寇戎盜賊之至也。
諫逐客書》:夷郡縣,銷其兵刃,示不復用。
管子·輕重戊》:桓公即為百里之,使人之楚買生鹿,楚生鹿當一而八萬,管子即令桓公與民通輕重,藏穀什之六,令左司馬伯公將白徒而鑄錢於莊山,令中大夫王邑載錢二千萬求生鹿於楚
吳子·圖國》:去守、欲除其醜者,聚為一卒。
六韜·勵軍》:武王問太公曰:「吾欲令三軍之眾,攻爭先登,野戰爭先赴。」
司馬法·天子之義》:在軍抗而立,在行遂而果,介者不拜,兵車不式,上不趨,危事不齒。
尉繚子·天官》:今有,東西攻不能取。

You can examine all occurrences of this character or phrase in Pre-Qin and Han texts or Post-Han texts on the site.


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