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Chinese Text Project

U+59D1

Seal script

Jinwen

Jianbo

Radical:+ 5 strokes = 8 strokes total.
References:Guangyun: p.82#6 Kangxi: p.258#32 Cihai: p.381r4c01 GSR: 49.g Hanyu: v2,p1035#04
Composition:Left: , right: . Component of: 𠵎 𢯐 𦁿 𧍏 𨐞 𫱬 𪦭 𪂯
Mandarin: ㄍㄨ
Cantonese:gu1
Tang reconstruction:*go
Shuowen:女部》姑:夫母也。从女古聲。
Guangyun:廣韻·上平聲··》姑:舅姑又父之姊妹也。
Kangxi:康熙字典·女部·》姑:《廣韻》古胡切《集韻》《韻會》《正韻》攻乎切,𠀤音孤。《爾雅·釋親》婦稱夫之母曰姑,父之𡛷妹亦曰姑。王父之𡛷妹曰王姑。《·邶風》問我諸姑。又婦謂夫之女妹曰小姑。《新婦詩》未諳姑食性,先遣小姑嘗。又《禮·檀弓》細人之愛人以姑息。《註》姑,且也。息,休也。○按尸子曰:紂棄黎老之言,用姑息之語。註:姑,婦女也。息,小兒也。又且也。《·酒誥》姑惟敎之。又星名。《歲時記》黃姑牽牛星,一曰河鼓也。又國名。《左傳·昭九年》及武王克商,蒲姑,商奄,吾東土也。杜預註曰樂安博昌縣北有蒲姑城。又《尚書序》周公告召公,作將蒲姑。又有亳姑,𠀤亡。又山名。麻姑,在建昌南城縣西南。道書,三十六洞天之一,顏眞卿有麻姑壇記。李覯有麻姑山賦。又從姑山,在縣東南,以山次于麻姑因名。又姓。姑浮,越大夫。又作姑,邪道所出也。《後漢·王莽》傳》三萬餘人南出棗街作姑。又三姑,三尸也。《酉陽雜俎》人有三尸,上尸淸姑,中尸白姑,下尸血姑。又祀姑,幡名。《吳語》吳王與晉爭長,乃戒夜中官師擁鐸建祀姑。又金僕姑,矢名。《左傳·莊十一年》公以金僕姑射南宮長萬。又䑕姑,牡丹名。見《本草綱目》。
考證:〔《左傳·昭二十二年》晏子曰,古人居此地者,有蒲姑氏。《杜預曰》樂安博昌縣北有蒲姑城。〕謹按傳文無此語,杜預所註在昭九年不在二十二。今謹改爲左傳昭九年及武王克商,蒲姑,商奄,吾東土也。杜預註曰樂安博昌縣北有蒲姑城。
Fanqie:古胡 (《廣韻·上平聲··》)
Unihan definition:father's sister; husband's mother

Example usage

孟子·盡心上》:孟子曰:「是猶或紾其兄之臂,子謂之徐徐云爾,亦教之孝弟而已矣。」
Mencius said, 'That is just as if there were one twisting the arm of his elder brother, and you were merely to say to him "Gently, gently, if you please." Your only course should be to teach such an one filial piety and fraternal duty.'
禮記·服問》:傳曰:「有從輕而重,公子之妻為其皇。」
The Directory for Mourning says, 'There are cases in which parties wear deep mourning, while those, in consequence of their connexion with whom they assume it, wear only light.' Such is the mourning for her husband's mother by the wife of the son of a ruler (by a concubine).
揚子法言》:謣言敗俗,謣好敗則,息敗德。
Recklessly exaggerated speech destroys societal norms. Unrestrained desires destroy the law. Self-indulgence destroys de.
莊子·逍遙遊》:曰:「藐射之山,有神人居焉,肌膚若冰雪,淖約若處子,不食五穀,吸風飲露。」
And the other replied, (He said) that 'Far away on the hill of Gu Ye there dwelt a Spirit-like man whose flesh and skin were (smooth) as ice and (white) as snow; that his manner was elegant and delicate as that of a virgin; that he did not eat any of the five grains, but inhaled the wind and drank the dew.'
詩經·卷耳》:酌彼金罍、維以不永懷。
I will now pour a cup from that gilded vase, Hoping I may not have to think of him long.
尚書·酒誥》:又惟殷之迪諸臣惟工,乃湎于酒,勿庸殺之,惟教之。
As to the ministers and officers of Yin who were led to it and became addicted to drink, it is not necessary to put them to death (at once); let them be taught for a time.
荀子·仲尼》:內行則姊妹之不嫁者七人,閨門之內,般樂奢汏,以齊之分奉之而不足。
說苑·脩文》:是故黃鐘生林鐘,林鐘生大呂,大呂生夷則,夷則生太簇,太簇生南呂,南呂生夾鐘,夾鐘生無射,無射生洗,洗生應鐘,應鐘生蕤賓。
春秋繁露·玉英》:公子目夷複其君,終不與國,祭仲已與,後改之,晉荀息死而不聽,衛曼拒而弗內,此四臣事異而同心,其義一也。
韓詩外傳·卷二》:厥明見舅,舅降于西階,婦升自阼階,授之室也。
大戴禮記·主言》:止!
白虎通德論·五行》:衰於辰,辰震也,律中洗。
新書·》:君仁臣忠,父慈子孝,兄愛弟敬,夫和妻柔,慈婦聽,禮之至也。
新序·雜事四》:麥丘邑人坐拜而起曰:「此一言者,夫二言之長也,子得罪於父,可以因鸢叔父而解之,父能赦之。」
中論·貴言》:若夫父慈子孝,愛婦順,兄友弟恭,夫敬妻聽,朋友必信,師長必教,有司日月慮知乎州閭矣。
孔子家語·王言解》:孔子曰:「參以為止乎?」
論衡·偶會》:父歿而子嗣,死而婦代,非子婦代代使父終歿也,老少年次自相承也。
太玄經·》:次七,夫牽于車,妻為剝荼,利于王,不利公家,病。
風俗通義·六國》:至于後世,且有伉王,赤黑,龍面鳥屬,鬚眉髭髯,大膺大匈,脩下而馮上,左任介乘,奄有河室,至于休溷諸狢,南伐晉別,北滅黑
孔叢子·廣言》:,且也。
新語·無為》:齊桓公好婦人之色,妻姊妹,而國中多淫於骨肉。
蔡中郎集》:永初二年,年十有五,爰初來嫁,誕成家道,仰奉慈,竭歡致敬,俯誨膝下,化導周悉。
墨子·經說上》:罪:不在禁,惟害無罪,殆
列子·黃帝》:射山在海河洲中,山上有神人焉,吸風飲露,不食五穀。
韓非子·喻老》:句踐入宦於吳,身執干戈為吳王洗馬,故能殺夫差於蘇。
管子·心術上》:形以形,以形務名,督言正名。
淮南子·覽冥訓》:若夫鉗且、大丙之御,除轡銜,去鞭棄策,車莫動而自舉,馬莫使而自走也,日行月動,星耀而玄運,電奔而鬼騰,進退屈伸,不見朕垠,故不招指,不咄叱,過歸雁于碣石,軼鶤雞于余,騁若飛,騖若絕,縱矢躡風,追猋歸忽,朝發榑桑,日入落棠,此假弗用而能以成其用也。
呂氏春秋·去宥》:惠王問秦之墨者唐果。
史記·秦本紀》:十三年,城籍
春秋左傳》:公曰:「多行不義,必自斃,子待之。」
逸周書·周祝解》:陳彼五行必有勝,天之所覆盡可稱,故萬物之所生也,性於從,萬物之所反也,性於同,故惡幽,惡明,惡陰陽,惡短長,惡柔剛。
國語·越語下》:范蠡不報于王,擊鼓興師以隨使者,至于蘇之宮,不傷越民,遂滅吳。
晏子春秋》:今自聊攝以東,尤以西者,此其人民眾矣,百姓之咎怨誹謗,詛君于上帝者多矣。
吳越春秋》:遂棲吳王於胥之山。
越絕書》:秋冬治城中,春夏治胥之臺。
戰國策》:願君顧先王之宗廟,反國統萬人乎?
鹽鐵論·論誹》:若子之為人吏,宜受上戮,子默矣!
列女傳·周室三母》:之德,亦甚大矣!
春秋穀梁傳》:三年春,齊國夏、衛石曼帥師圍戚。
春秋公羊傳》:之辭也。
漢書·王莽傳下》:鄧曄將二萬餘人從閿鄉南出棗街、作,破其一部,北出九虎後擊之。

You can examine all occurrences of this character or phrase in Pre-Qin and Han texts or Post-Han texts on the site.


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