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Chinese Text Project
Simplified Chinese version

U+59D1

Seal script

Jinwen

Jianbo

Radical:+ 5 strokes = 8 strokes total.
References:Guangyun: p.82#6 Kangxi: p.258#32 Cihai: p.381r4c01 GSR: 49.g Hanyu: v2,p1035#04
Composition:Left: , right: . Component of: 𢯐 𠵎 𦁿 𧍏 𨐞 𫱬 𪦭 𪂯
Mandarin: ㄍㄨ
Cantonese:gu1
Tang reconstruction:*go
Shuowen:女部》姑:夫母也。从女古声。
Guangyun:广韵·上平声··》姑:舅姑又父之姊妹也。
Kangxi:康熙字典·女部·》姑:《广韵》古胡切《集韵》《韵会》《正韵》攻乎切,𠀤音孤。《尔雅·释亲》妇称夫之母曰姑,父之𡛷妹亦曰姑。王父之𡛷妹曰王姑。《·邶风》问我诸姑。又妇谓夫之女妹曰小姑。《新妇诗》未谙姑食性,先遣小姑尝。又《礼·檀弓》细人之爱人以姑息。《注》姑,且也。息,休也。○按尸子曰:纣弃黎老之言,用姑息之语。注:姑,妇女也。息,小儿也。又且也。《·酒诰》姑惟敎之。又星名。《岁时记》黄姑牵牛星,一曰河鼓也。又国名。《左传·昭九年》及武王克商,蒲姑,商奄,吾东土也。杜预注曰乐安博昌县北有蒲姑城。又《尚书序》周公告召公,作将蒲姑。又有亳姑,𠀤亡。又山名。麻姑,在建昌南城县西南。道书,三十六洞天之一,颜眞卿有麻姑坛记。李觏有麻姑山赋。又从姑山,在县东南,以山次于麻姑因名。又姓。姑浮,越大夫。又作姑,邪道所出也。《后汉·王莽》传》三万馀人南出枣街作姑。又三姑,三尸也。《酉阳杂俎》人有三尸,上尸淸姑,中尸白姑,下尸血姑。又祀姑,幡名。《吴语》吴王与晋争长,乃戒夜中官师拥铎建祀姑。又金仆姑,矢名。《左传·庄十一年》公以金仆姑射南宫长万。又䑕姑,牡丹名。见《本草纲目》。
考证:〔《左传·昭二十二年》晏子曰,古人居此地者,有蒲姑氏。《杜预曰》乐安博昌县北有蒲姑城。〕谨按传文无此语,杜预所注在昭九年不在二十二。今谨改爲左传昭九年及武王克商,蒲姑,商奄,吾东土也。杜预注曰乐安博昌县北有蒲姑城。
Fanqie:古胡 (《广韵·上平声··》)
Unihan definition:father's sister; husband's mother

Example usage

孟子·尽心上》:孟子曰:“是犹或紾其兄之臂,子谓之徐徐云尔,亦教之孝弟而已矣。”
Mencius said, 'That is just as if there were one twisting the arm of his elder brother, and you were merely to say to him "Gently, gently, if you please." Your only course should be to teach such an one filial piety and fraternal duty.'
礼记·服问》:传曰:“有从轻而重,公子之妻为其皇。”
The Directory for Mourning says, 'There are cases in which parties wear deep mourning, while those, in consequence of their connexion with whom they assume it, wear only light.' Such is the mourning for her husband's mother by the wife of the son of a ruler (by a concubine).
扬子法言》:謣言败俗,謣好败则,息败德。
Recklessly exaggerated speech destroys societal norms. Unrestrained desires destroy the law. Self-indulgence destroys de.
庄子·逍遥游》:曰:“藐射之山,有神人居焉,肌肤若冰雪,淖约若处子,不食五谷,吸风饮露。”
And the other replied, (He said) that 'Far away on the hill of Gu Ye there dwelt a Spirit-like man whose flesh and skin were (smooth) as ice and (white) as snow; that his manner was elegant and delicate as that of a virgin; that he did not eat any of the five grains, but inhaled the wind and drank the dew.'
诗经·卷耳》:酌彼金罍、维以不永怀。
I will now pour a cup from that gilded vase, Hoping I may not have to think of him long.
尚书·酒诰》:又惟殷之迪诸臣惟工,乃湎于酒,勿庸杀之,惟教之。
As to the ministers and officers of Yin who were led to it and became addicted to drink, it is not necessary to put them to death (at once); let them be taught for a time.
荀子·仲尼》:内行则姊妹之不嫁者七人,闺门之内,般乐奢汏,以齐之分奉之而不足。
说苑·修文》:是故黄钟生林钟,林钟生大吕,大吕生夷则,夷则生太簇,太簇生南吕,南吕生夹钟,夹钟生无射,无射生洗,洗生应钟,应钟生蕤宾。
春秋繁露·玉英》:公子目夷复其君,终不与国,祭仲已与,后改之,晋荀息死而不听,卫曼拒而弗内,此四臣事异而同心,其义一也。
韩诗外传·卷二》:厥明见舅,舅降于西阶,妇升自阼阶,授之室也。
大戴礼记·主言》:止!
白虎通德论·五行》:衰于辰,辰震也,律中洗。
新书·》:君仁臣忠,父慈子孝,兄爱弟敬,夫和妻柔,慈妇听,礼之至也。
新序·杂事四》:麦丘邑人坐拜而起曰:“此一言者,夫二言之长也,子得罪于父,可以因鸢叔父而解之,父能赦之。”
中论·贵言》:若夫父慈子孝,爱妇顺,兄友弟恭,夫敬妻听,朋友必信,师长必教,有司日月虑知乎州闾矣。
孔子家语·王言解》:孔子曰:“参以为止乎?”
论衡·偶会》:父殁而子嗣,死而妇代,非子妇代代使父终殁也,老少年次自相承也。
太玄经·》:次七,夫牵于车,妻为剥荼,利于王,不利公家,病。
风俗通义·六国》:至于后世,且有伉王,赤黑,龙面鸟属,须眉髭髯,大膺大匈,修下而冯上,左任介乘,奄有河室,至于休溷诸狢,南伐晋别,北灭黑
孔丛子·广言》:,且也。
新语·无为》:齐桓公好妇人之色,妻姊妹,而国中多淫于骨肉。
蔡中郎集》:永初二年,年十有五,爰初来嫁,诞成家道,仰奉慈,竭欢致敬,俯诲膝下,化导周悉。
墨子·经说上》:罪:不在禁,惟害无罪,殆
列子·黄帝》:射山在海河洲中,山上有神人焉,吸风饮露,不食五谷。
韩非子·喻老》:句践入宦于吴,身执干戈为吴王洗马,故能杀夫差于苏。
管子·心术上》:形以形,以形务名,督言正名。
淮南子·览冥训》:若夫钳且、大丙之御,除辔衔,去鞭弃策,车莫动而自举,马莫使而自走也,日行月动,星耀而玄运,电奔而鬼腾,进退屈伸,不见朕垠,故不招指,不咄叱,过归雁于碣石,轶鶤鸡于余,骋若飞,骛若绝,纵矢蹑风,追猋归忽,朝发榑桑,日入落棠,此假弗用而能以成其用也。
吕氏春秋·去宥》:惠王问秦之墨者唐果。
史记·秦本纪》:十三年,城籍
春秋左传》:公曰:“多行不义,必自毙,子待之。”
逸周书·周祝解》:陈彼五行必有胜,天之所覆尽可称,故万物之所生也,性于从,万物之所反也,性于同,故恶幽,恶明,恶阴阳,恶短长,恶柔刚。
国语·越语下》:范蠡不报于王,击鼓兴师以随使者,至于苏之宫,不伤越民,遂灭吴。
晏子春秋》:今自聊摄以东,尤以西者,此其人民众矣,百姓之咎怨诽谤,诅君于上帝者多矣。
吴越春秋》:遂栖吴王于胥之山。
越绝书》:秋冬治城中,春夏治胥之台。
战国策》:愿君顾先王之宗庙,反国统万人乎?
盐铁论·论诽》:若子之为人吏,宜受上戮,子默矣!
列女传·周室三母》:之德,亦甚大矣!
春秋谷梁传》:三年春,齐国夏、卫石曼帅师围戚。
春秋公羊传》:之辞也。
汉书·王莽传下》:邓晔将二万馀人从阌乡南出枣街、作,破其一部,北出九虎后击之。

You can examine all occurrences of this character or phrase in Pre-Qin and Han texts or Post-Han texts on the site.


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